How to format your references using the Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Gibson, Evolution. The synthesis and evolution of a supermodel, Science. 307 (2005) 1890–1891.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Srivastava, K.N. Ivey, Potential of stem-cell-based therapies for heart disease, Nature. 441 (2006) 1097–1099.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Vannucchi, F. Remitti, G. Bettelli, Geological record of fluid flow and seismogenesis along an erosive subducting plate boundary, Nature. 451 (2008) 699–703.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W.A. Crichton, M. Mezouar, T. Grande, S. Stølen, A. Grzechnik, Breakdown of intermediate-range order in liquid GeSe(2) at high pressure, Nature. 414 (2001) 622–625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. McPhee, A Companion to the French Revolution, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, 2012.
An edited book
N. Mastorakis, V. Mladenov, eds., Computational Problems in Engineering, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Altalag, J. Road, P. Wilcox, Bronchial Challenge Testing, in: J. Road, A. Altalag (Eds.), Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice, Springer, London, 2009: pp. 71–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
T. Hale, 50 Years Ago, We Were Taking The First Photos From The Moon, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Rail Transit: Reliability of FTA’s Rail Accident Database, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. BenVau, Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.C. McKINLEY Jr, 2nd Etan Patz Jury Knew Members of First Jury Were Watching, Defense Says, New York Times. (2017) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention
ISSN (print)2214-7543

Other styles