How to format your references using the Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Koriat, When are two heads better than one and why?, Science. 336 (2012) 360–362.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.J. Tewksbury, G.P. Nabhan, Seed dispersal. Directed deterrence by capsaicin in chilies, Nature. 412 (2001) 403–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Laepple, M. Werner, G. Lohmann, Synchronicity of Antarctic temperatures and local solar insolation on orbital timescales, Nature. 471 (2011) 91–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.T. Reinhard, R. Raiswell, C. Scott, A.D. Anbar, T.W. Lyons, A late Archean sulfidic sea stimulated by early oxidative weathering of the continents, Science. 326 (2009) 713–716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.D. Vinod, D.P. Reagle, Preparing for the Worst: Incorporating Downside Risk in Stock Market Investments, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
S. Umeda, M. Nakano, H. Mizuyama, N. Hibino, D. Kiritsis, G. von Cieminski, eds., Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A.R. Cardoso, B.B. Queliconi, A.J. Kowaltowski, Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species in Myocardial Pre- and Postconditioning, in: H. Sauer, A.M. Shah, F.R.M. Laurindo (Eds.), Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2010: pp. 109–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Climate Change Denier Scott Pruitt Confirmed As Head Of EPA, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Wager, Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. DE WITT with MICHAEL KELLY, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Perot Pursued Charges Against Official for Years, New York Times. (1992) 118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention
ISSN (print)2214-7543

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