How to format your references using the Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
D.T. Scadden, The stem-cell niche as an entity of action, Nature. 441 (2006) 1075–1079.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
A. Löytynoja, N. Goldman, Phylogeny-aware gap placement prevents errors in sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis, Science. 320 (2008) 1632–1635.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
W.A. Saturno, D. Stuart, B. Beltrán, Early Maya writing at San Bartolo, Guatemala, Science. 311 (2006) 1281–1283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
T.C. Harman, P.J. Taylor, M.P. Walsh, B.E. LaForge, Quantum dot superlattice thermoelectric materials and devices, Science. 297 (2002) 2229–2232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
E.F.G. Dickson, Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
[1]
H. Deconinck, E. Dick, eds., Computational Fluid Dynamics 2006: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ICCFD, Ghent, Belgium, 10-14 July 2006, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
N. Honna, Y. Takeshita, English as an International Language and Three Challenging Issues in English Language Teaching in Japan, in: R. Marlina, R.A. Giri (Eds.), The Pedagogy of English as an International Language: Perspectives from Scholars, Teachers, and Students, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
[1]
T. Hale, Watch A Guy Deliberately Get Stung By The “Cow Killer” Ant In The Name Of Science, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-a-guy-deliberately-get-stung-by-the-cow-killer-ant-in-the-name-of-science/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Highway Safety: Motorcycle Helmet Laws Save Lives and Reduce Costs to Society, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M.G. Pezzolesi, Novel Mechanisms of PTEN Dysfunction in PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndromes, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M. Paulson, Plays Big and Small Split a Top Obie Award, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention
ISSN (print)2214-7543
Scope

Other styles