How to format your references using the Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Holden, ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Ruling Allows Unions at Private Colleges, Science. 290 (2000) 1069–1071.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.T. Weir, D. Schluter, The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals, Science. 315 (2007) 1574–1576.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Jiang, J.F. Bertone, V.L. Colvin, A lost-wax approach to monodisperse colloids and their crystals, Science. 291 (2001) 453–457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.X. Luo, J. Huang, Q. Li, H. Mohammad, C.-Y. Lee, K. Krishna, A.M.-Y. Kok, Y.L. Tan, J.Y. Lim, H. Li, L.Y. Yeow, J. Sun, M. He, J. Grandjean, S. Sajikumar, W. Han, Y. Fu, Regulation of feeding by somatostatin neurons in the tuberal nucleus, Science. 361 (2018) 76–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.Á. Mohos, Confectionery and Chocolate Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
M. Shalaby, V.M. Moghadam, eds., Empowering Women after the Arab Spring, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Bucher, Neither Black Nor Box: Ways of Knowing Algorithms, in: S. Kubitschko, A. Kaun (Eds.), Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 81–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Study Suggests The Origin Of Iapetus’ Ridge, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Unified Motor Carrier Fee System: Progress Made but Challenges to Implementing New System Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.O. Racho, Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices to Enter the Debate Over Lethal Injection, New York Times. (2007) A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention
ISSN (print)2214-7543

Other styles