How to format your references using the Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Schnabel, Amyloid: little proteins, big clues, Nature. 475 (2011) S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.R. Ives, S.R. Carpenter, Stability and diversity of ecosystems, Science. 317 (2007) 58–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.D. Burke, E.M. Berger, S.L. Schreiber, Generating diverse skeletons of small molecules combinatorially, Science. 302 (2003) 613–618.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Wittemyer, P. Elsen, W.T. Bean, A.C.O. Burton, J.S. Brashares, Accelerated human population growth at protected area edges, Science. 321 (2008) 123–126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. von Eye, E.-Y. Mun, Log-Linear Modeling, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
S. Hartmann, G. Kern-Isberner, eds., Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems: 5th International Symposium, FoIKS 2008, Pisa, Italy, February 11-15, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Dountchev, M. Panayotov, N. Tsvetanov, P. Zhelev, S. Yurukov, Consequences of Non-intervention Management for the Development of Subalpine Spruce Forests in Bulgaria, in: B. Koulov, G. Zhelezov (Eds.), Sustainable Mountain Regions: Challenges and Perspectives in Southeastern Europe, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 67–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Fisherman Fends Off Shark With Kayak Paddle, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, A-10 Close Air Support Aircraft, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Rajendran, Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Wagner, Their Run Together May Be Nearing an End, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention
ISSN (print)2214-7543

Other styles