How to format your references using the Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh CT. Polyketide and nonribosomal peptide antibiotics: modularity and versatility. Science. 2004; 303: 1805–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knobel RG, Cleland AN. Nanometre-scale displacement sensing using a single electron transistor. Nature. 2003; 424: 291–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blaser E, Pylyshyn ZW, Holcombe AO. Tracking an object through feature space. Nature. 2000; 408: 196–9.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Movshovich R, Bianchi A, Capan C, Jaime M, Goodrich RG. Electron-spin domains: magnetic enhancement of superconductivity. Nature. 2004; 427: 802; discussion 802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eligehausen R, Mallée R, Silva JF. Anchorage in Concrete Construction. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
Hutter D, Stephan W, editors. Mechanizing Mathematical Reasoning: Essays in Honor of Jörg H. Siekmann on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. X, 570 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodman L. Canonical Forms for Symmetric and Skewsymmetric Quaternionic Matrix Pencils. In: Alpay D, Vinnikov V, editors. System Theory, the Schur Algorithm and Multidimensional Analysis. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007. p. 199–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging.

Blog post
Hale T. NASA Footage Shows Strange “Black Hole” In The Sun [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercializing Landsat and the Weather Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Jan. Report No.: 126473.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Svarda D. Man 2 Man [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Charges In Threats To Lawyers Suing Fox. New York Times. 2017; : B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging
AbbreviationAging (Albany NY)
ISSN (online)1945-4589

Other styles