How to format your references using the Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heimann M. Obituary: Charles David Keeling 1928-2005. Nature. 2005; 437: 331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Penner-Hahn JE, Yocum CF. Biochemistry. The photosynthesis “oxygen clock” gets a new number. Science. 2005; 310: 982–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khila A, Abouheif E, Rowe L. Function, developmental genetics, and fitness consequences of a sexually antagonistic trait. Science. 2012; 336: 585–9.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Ohto U, Fukase K, Miyake K, Satow Y. Crystal structures of human MD-2 and its complex with antiendotoxic lipid IVa. Science. 2007; 316: 1632–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye T. Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Mathena J. Success with Microsoft Dynamics CRM 4.0: Implementing Customer Relationship Management. Yetter A, Hostetler H, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2009. XXII, 264 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao W. English Language Teaching in Vocational Senior Secondary Schools in China. In: Coniam D, editor. English Language Education and Assessment: Recent Developments in Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland. Singapore: Springer; 2014. p. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA’s Upcoming Mars Rocket Completes Critical Design Review [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transmittal of Comptroller General Decision on the Transportation Security Administration’s Time and Attendance Approval System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Mar. Report No.: GAO-03-532R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Datta A. Speech Synthesis Using Unsupervised Learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2016; : MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging
AbbreviationAging (Albany NY)
ISSN (online)1945-4589

Other styles