How to format your references using the Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. Cosmology: welcome to the real world. Nature. 2003; 426: 751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ronald PC, Beutler B. Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science. 2010; 330: 1061–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otterbein LR, Graceffa P, Dominguez R. The crystal structure of uncomplexed actin in the ADP state. Science. 2001; 293: 708–11.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Panáková D, Sprong H, Marois E, Thiele C, Eaton S. Lipoprotein particles are required for Hedgehog and Wingless signalling. Nature. 2005; 435: 58–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rohde UL, Jain GC, Poddar AK, Ghosh AK. Introduction to Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Lenaerts B. Omnidirectional Inductive Powering for Biomedical Implants. Puers R, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. XVI, 222 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Dobias J, Hansen M, Köpsell S, Raguse M, Roosendaal A, Pfitzmann A, Steinbrecher S, Storf K, Zwingelberg H. Identity and Privacy Issues Throughout Life. In: Camenisch J, Fischer-Hübner S, Rannenberg K, editors. Privacy and Identity Management for Life. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 87–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Wind Turbine Generates Electricity Without Rotating Blades [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Feb. Report No.: T-NSIAD-98-101.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cabrales M. Gupta Rajpoot scheme for quark flavor mixing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Maryland and Princeton Gain Final With Routs. New York Times. 2000; : D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging
AbbreviationAging (Albany NY)
ISSN (online)1945-4589

Other styles