How to format your references using the Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cavalli G. Molecular biology. EZH2 goes solo. Science. 2012; 338: 1430–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines PJ, Zahn LM. What’s bugging plants? Plant-microbe interactions. Introduction. Science. 2009; 324: 741.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamilton MJ, Walker RS, Kesler DC. Crash and rebound of indigenous populations in lowland South America. Sci Rep. 2014; 4: 4541.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Mandel MJ, Wollenberg MS, Stabb EV, Visick KL, Ruby EG. A single regulatory gene is sufficient to alter bacterial host range. Nature. 2009; 458: 215–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan V. Probability and Random Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Zaumseil M, Schwarz S, von Vacano M, Sullivan GB, Prawitasari-Hadiyono JE, editors. Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XXIII, 356 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Hodgson TK, Braunstein GD. Physiological Effects of Androgens in Women. In: Azziz R, Nestler JE, Dewailly D, editors. Androgen Excess Disorders in Women: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Other Disorders. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007. p. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Releases Stunning New Photos Of Mysterious Bright Spots On Ceres [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Multiple Launch Rocket System: Range Less Than Needed and Sustained Rocket Production Not Ensured. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-97-196R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterjee K. A probabilistic mechanistic approach for assessing the rupture frequency of small modular reactor steam generator tubes using uncertain inputs from in-service inspections [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Posters of Upscale Batterers Show That Class Offers No Immunity. New York Times. 2002; : 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging
AbbreviationAging (Albany NY)
ISSN (online)1945-4589

Other styles