How to format your references using the Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marshall CR. Paleontology. Marine biodiversity dynamics over deep time. Science. 2010; 329: 1156–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pulendran B, Artis D. New paradigms in type 2 immunity. Science. 2012; 337: 431–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Green JL, Bohannan BJM, Whitaker RJ. Microbial biogeography: from taxonomy to traits. Science. 2008; 320: 1039–43.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
1.
Walker PR, Worobey M, Rambaut A, Holmes EC, Pybus OG. Epidemiology: Sexual transmission of HIV in Africa. Nature. 2003; 422: 679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vorbrüggen H. Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Gervasi O, Murgante B, Misra S, Gavrilova ML, Rocha AMAC, Torre C, Taniar D, Apduhan BO, editors. Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2015: 15th International Conference, Banff, AB, Canada, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXXIV, 777 p. 306 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sorgi L, Schlosser M. Integrating Color Sampling into Depth Based Bilayer Segmentation. In: Petrosino A, editor. Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: 17th International Conference, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013 Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Astronomers Discover A Middleweight Black Hole For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-discover-a-middleweight-black-hole-for-the-first-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Condition of Information on Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Feb. Report No.: 129118.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Matheny AL. Home gardener preferences, perceptions, knowledge and behaviors associated with pest management strategies and information acquisition [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cowley S. Fake Accounts at Wells Fargo Raised Alarms Starting in 2005. New York Times. 2016; : B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging
AbbreviationAging (Albany NY)
ISSN (online)1945-4589
Scope

Other styles