How to format your references using the Bioconjugate Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioconjugate Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. Cancer Vaccines: Material Breach. Nature 2013, 504 (7480), S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Q.; Wang, X. Opinion Dynamics with Similarity-Based Random Neighbors. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2968.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nimmerjahn, A.; Kirchhoff, F.; Helmchen, F. Resting Microglial Cells Are Highly Dynamic Surveillants of Brain Parenchyma in Vivo. Science 2005, 308 (5726), 1314–1318.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Körding, E.; Rupen, M.; Knigge, C.; Fender, R.; Dhawan, V.; Templeton, M.; Muxlow, T. A Transient Radio Jet in an Erupting Dwarf Nova. Science 2008, 320 (5881), 1318–1320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vassiliou, P.-C. G. Discrete-Time Asset Pricing Models in Applied Stochastic Finance; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
Bouleau, N. Dirichlet Forms Methods for Poisson Point Measures and Lévy Processes: With Emphasis on the Creation-Annihilation Techniques; Denis, L., Ed.; Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 76.
A chapter in an edited book
Cardó, C. Algebraic Governance and Symmetry in Dependency Grammars. In Formal Grammar: 20th and 21st International Conferences, FG 2015, Barcelona, Spain, August 2015, Revised Selected Papers. FG 2016, Bozen, Italy, August 2016, Proceedings; Foret, A., Morrill, G., Muskens, R., Osswald, R., Pogodalla, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; pp 60–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioconjugate Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, D. How To Make Galaxy Themed Easter Eggs (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Progress Mixed In Addressing Critical Success Factors; T-IMTEC-92-13; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frantz, D. E. The Effects of Aroclor 1254 on the Reproductive Function of Male Round Stingrays (Urobatis Halleri). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. Trump Has Stocks Up. Some Funds Are Leery. New York Times. March 5, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioconjugate Chemistry
AbbreviationBioconjug. Chem.
ISSN (print)1043-1802
ISSN (online)1520-4812
Organic Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

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