How to format your references using the Bioconjugate Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioconjugate Chemistry (Bioconjugate Chem.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, J. Developing Excellence: Chinese University Reform in Three Steps. Nature 2014, 514 (7522), 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kambe, T.; Oshima, K. Dynamically Fluctuating Electric Dipole Moments in Fullerene-Based Magnets. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, L.; Song, Z.-G.; Jiao, S.-C. Efficacy Analysis of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors on Rare Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Harboring Complex EGFR Mutations. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6104.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xiong, W.; Zhou, Y. S.; Hou, W. J.; Jiang, L. J.; Gao, Y.; Fan, L. S.; Jiang, L.; Silvain, J. F.; Lu, Y. F. Direct Writing of Graphene Patterns on Insulating Substrates under Ambient Conditions. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga, H. Wittgenstein; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Ram, A. R. Video Analysis and Repackaging for Distance Education; Chaudhuri, S., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ter Louw, M.; Phung, P. H.; Krishnamurti, R.; Venkatakrishnan, V. N. SafeScript: JavaScript Transformation for Policy Enforcement. In Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings; Riis Nielson, H., Gollmann, D., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., et al., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioconjugate Chemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. These Four Astronauts Will Fly New Private Spacecraft For NASA In 2017 (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Access to Arts Education: Inclusion of Additional Questions in Education’s Planned Research Would Help Explain Why Instruction Time Has Decreased for Some Students; GAO-09-286; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manley Lima, M. C. Commuter Students’ Social Integration: The Relationship Between Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Sense of Belonging. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. Militants and Refugees Are Bused Back to Syria. New York Times. August 3, 2017, p A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioconjugate Chemistry
AbbreviationBioconjug. Chem.
ISSN (print)1043-1802
ISSN (online)1520-4812
Organic Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

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