How to format your references using the Bioconjugate Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioconjugate Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eliopoulos, A. G. Cell Signaling. “Make and Brake” in Signaling. Science 2008, 321 (5889), 648–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
le Noble, F.; le Noble, J. Bone Biology: Vessels of Rejuvenation. Nature 2014, 507 (7492), 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan, V.; Ramaswamy, S.; Menon, N. Long-Lived Giant Number Fluctuations in a Swarming Granular Nematic. Science 2007, 317 (5834), 105–108.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oláh, S.; Füle, M.; Komlósi, G.; Varga, C.; Báldi, R.; Barzó, P.; Tamás, G. Regulation of Cortical Microcircuits by Unitary GABA-Mediated Volume Transmission. Nature 2009, 461 (7268), 1278–1281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B. Classic and Advanced Ceramics; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On; Devlin, W. J., Bokulich, A., Eds.; Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 311.
A chapter in an edited book
Stone, L. Educationalization in a USA Present: A Historicist Rendering. In Educational Research: the Educationalization of Social Problems; Smeyers, P., Depaepe, M., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; pp 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioconjugate Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T. Scientists Worry Italy’s Next Earthquake Might Topple Michelangelo’s David (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Issues Concerning Licensing of Telecommunications Engineers and Technicians; RCED-90-106FS; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sundell, M. From Fine Art to Fashion: Man Ray’s Ambivalent Avant-Garde. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. For Architect, Making A Calmer Restaurant Was Very Stressful. New York Times. October 8, 2017, p A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioconjugate Chemistry
AbbreviationBioconjug. Chem.
ISSN (print)1043-1802
ISSN (online)1520-4812
Organic Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles