How to format your references using the Bioconjugate Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioconjugate Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trevan, T. Biological Research: Rethink Biosafety. Nature 2015, 527 (7577), 155–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doherty, C. J.; Kay, S. A. Circadian Surprise--It’s Not All about Transcription. Science 2012, 338 (6105), 338–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X.; Zhao, J.; Yang, J. Semihydrogenated BN Sheet: A Promising Visible-Light Driven Photocatalyst for Water Splitting. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1858.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jones, P. J.; Huhtamäki, J. A. M.; Salmilehto, J.; Tan, K. Y.; Möttönen, M. Tunable Electromagnetic Environment for Superconducting Quantum Bits. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1987.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, D. TKO Sales!; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
New Strategies in Stroke Intervention: Ionic Transporters, Pumps, and New Channels; Annunziato, L., Ed.; Contemporary Neuroscience; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Faletra, F. F.; de Castro, S.; Pandian, N. G.; Kronzon, I.; Nesser, H.-J.; Ho, S. Y. Tricuspid and Pulmonic Valves. In Atlas of Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography; Castro, S., Pandian, N. G., Kronzon, I., Nesser, H.-J., Yen Ho, S., Eds.; Springer: London, 2010; pp 63–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioconjugate Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Enemy Within: The Fungus That Lives In Your Mouth And Kills As Many As MRSA. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Media Contracts: Activities and Financial Obligations for Seven Federal Departments; GAO-06-305; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, T.-W. D. Isolation and Characterization of Pco-1, Which Encodes a Regulatory Protein That Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora Crassa. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. New Leader, Tough Issues for Court in Transition. New York Times. September 30, 2005, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioconjugate Chemistry
AbbreviationBioconjug. Chem.
ISSN (print)1043-1802
ISSN (online)1520-4812
Organic Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles