How to format your references using the Bioconjugate Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioconjugate Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Power, P. P. Main-Group Elements as Transition Metals. Nature 2010, 463 (7278), 171–177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guth, A. H.; Kaiser, D. I. Inflationary Cosmology: Exploring the Universe from the Smallest to the Largest Scales. Science 2005, 307 (5711), 884–890.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, C. J.; Okubo, P. G.; Shearer, P. M. Mantle Fault Zone beneath Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Science 2003, 300 (5618), 478–480.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gunther, L. K.; Furuta, K.; Bao, J.; Urbanowski, M. K.; Kojima, H.; White, H. D.; Sakamoto, T. Coupling of Two Non-Processive Myosin 5c Dimers Enables Processive Stepping along Actin Filaments. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon, J. The Design Manager’s Handbook; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Chlorophyll a Fluorescence in Aquatic Sciences: Methods and Applications; Suggett, D. J., Prášil, O., Borowitzka, M. A., Eds.; Developments in Applied Phycology; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; Vol. 4.
A chapter in an edited book
Destexhe, A.; Rudolph-Lilith, M. Integrative Properties in the Presence of Noise. In Neuronal Noise; Rudolph-Lilith, M., Ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2012; pp 111–183.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioconjugate Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. PhD Student Finds Two Massive Stars With Magnetic Fields In A Binary System. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Economies Available Through Consolidating or Collocating Government Land-Based, High Frequency Communications Facilities; LCD-76-113; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldron, K. D. The Influence of Leadership Emotional Intelligence on Employee Engagement. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. Children’s Books. New York Times. August 13, 1995, p 723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioconjugate Chemistry
AbbreviationBioconjug. Chem.
ISSN (print)1043-1802
ISSN (online)1520-4812
Organic Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles