How to format your references using the Bioconjugate Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioconjugate Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borak, A. Applied Physics. Toward Bridging the Terahertz Gap with Silicon-Based Lasers. Science 2005, 308 (5722), 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, L.; Wang, J. Arbitrary Manipulation of Spatial Amplitude and Phase Using Phase-Only Spatial Light Modulators. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shinde, D. B.; Majumder, M.; Pillai, V. K. Counter-Ion Dependent, Longitudinal Unzipping of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes to Highly Conductive and Transparent Graphene Nanoribbons. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4363.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ohtsuki, H.; Hauert, C.; Lieberman, E.; Nowak, M. A. A Simple Rule for the Evolution of Cooperation on Graphs and Social Networks. Nature 2006, 441 (7092), 502–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, G. Experimentalphysik; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2001.
An edited book
Carr, L. P. Delivering Results: Managing What Matters, 1st ed.; Nanni, A. J., Jr., Ed.; Springer US: New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Yao, X.; Wu, L.; Zheng, W. X. Filtering of Markovian Jump 2-D Systems. In Filtering and Control of Stochastic Jump Hybrid Systems; Wu, L., Zheng, W. X., Eds.; Studies in Systems, Decision and Control; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 67–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioconjugate Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J. Humans Evolved Faster Metabolism To Support Our Bigger Brains. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Foundational Steps Being Taken to Make Needed FBI Systems Modernization Management Improvements; GAO-04-842; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible, P. W. Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A.; Shear, M. D. Top Court Puts Gerrymandering On Unclear Path. New York Times. October 3, 2017, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioconjugate Chemistry
AbbreviationBioconjug. Chem.
ISSN (print)1043-1802
ISSN (online)1520-4812
Organic Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

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