How to format your references using the Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Walldén L. Physics. Beyond the particle in the box. Science. 2006;314:769–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vogl U, Weitz M. Laser cooling by collisional redistribution of radiation. Nature. 2009;461:70–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cossairt BM, Diawara M-C, Cummins CC. Facile synthesis of AsP3. Science. 2009;323:602.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Guo J, Simonson JW, Sun L, Wu Q, Gao P, Zhang C, et al. Observation of antiferromagnetic order collapse in the pressurized insulator LaMnPO. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kimberlin L, zur Linden A, Ruoff L. Atlas of Clinical Imaging and Anatomy of the Equine Head. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Davies J. The Definitive Guide to SOA: BEA AquaLogic® Service Bus. Krishna A, Schorow D, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hommel W. An Architecture for Privacy-Aware Inter-domain Identity Management. In: Schönwälder J, Serrat J, editors. Ambient Networks: 16th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 24-26, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Researchers Stumble Across Unique Dolphin That Breathes Through Its Mouth. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Responsibilities, Actions, and Coordination of Federal Agencies in International Telecommunications Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Sep. Report No.: CED-77-132.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wang T. Talking to Strangers: Chinese Youth and Social Media [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Novick SM. Farm to Blanket. New York Times. 2015 Jun 28;LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Cardiovascular Imaging Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Cardiovasc. Imaging Rep.
ISSN (print)1941-9066
ISSN (online)1941-9074
ScopeCell Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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