How to format your references using the Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sovacool BK. Energy. Deploying off-grid technology to eradicate energy poverty. Science. 2012;338:47–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Liu L, Stegman DR. Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by propagating rupture of the Farallon slab. Nature. 2012;482:386–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chisholm SW, Falkowski PG, Cullen JJ. Oceans. Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. Science. 2001;294:309–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Audet J, Wong G, Wang H, Lu G, Gao GF, Kobinger G, et al. Molecular characterization of the monoclonal antibodies composing ZMAb: a protective cocktail against Ebola virus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Giesbrecht FG, Gumpertz ML. Planning, Construction, and Statistical Analysis of Comparative Experiments: Giesbrecht/Comparative Experiments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Albeverio SA. Mathematical Theory of Feynman Path Integrals: An Introduction. Høegh-Krohn RJ, Mazzucchi S, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lux A, Mantel H, Perner M. Scheduler-Independent Declassification. In: Gibbons J, Nogueira P, editors. Mathematics of Program Construction: 11th International Conference, MPC 2012, Madrid, Spain, June 25-27, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 25–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Early MAVEN Results Offer Clues Of What Depleted The Atmosphere of Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Sep. Report No.: GAO-08-1161T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pasricha LA. North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. New York Mulls New Bid. New York Times. 2014 May 15;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Cardiovascular Imaging Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Cardiovasc. Imaging Rep.
ISSN (print)1941-9066
ISSN (online)1941-9074
ScopeCell Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles