How to format your references using the Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chalmers M. Medical research masterclass. Nature. 2014;514:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Petersen CP, Reddien PW. Smed-betacatenin-1 is required for anteroposterior blastema polarity in planarian regeneration. Science. 2008;319:327–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Holm MS, Saravanamurugan S, Taarning E. Conversion of sugars to lactic acid derivatives using heterogeneous zeotype catalysts. Science. 2010;328:602–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Smit RHM, Noat Y, Untiedt C, Lang ND, van Hemert MC, van Ruitenbeek JM. Measurement of the conductance of a hydrogen molecule. Nature. 2002;419:906–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smirnov BM. Fundamentals of Ionized Gases. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Plattner H, Meinel C, Leifer L, editors. Design Thinking Research: Making Design Thinking Foundational. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ramamurthy T, Nair GB. Foodborne Pathogenic Vibrios. In: Simjee S, editor. Foodborne Diseases. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007. p. 115–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. NASA Discovered Pumpkin Stars... Just in time for Halloween [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Research, Engineering and Development Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-89-21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Houger VP. Generational differences and the impact to employee engagement: A program design [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Detrick B. A Beachside Rave, by Way of Brooklyn. New York Times. 2017 Jul 5;D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Cardiovascular Imaging Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Cardiovasc. Imaging Rep.
ISSN (print)1941-9066
ISSN (online)1941-9074
ScopeCell Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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