How to format your references using the Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stevens MJ. Materials science. How shape affects microtubule and nanoparticle assembly. Science. 2014;343:981–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rowan L, Coontz R. Great balls of fire. Star formation: a Web supplement. Science. 2002;295:63.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gadalla MN, Abdel-Rahman M, Shamim A. Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and rectification. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4270.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Eshraghi A, Osman NAA, Gholizadeh H, Ahmadian J, Rahmati B, Abas WABW. Development and evaluation of new coupling system for lower limb prostheses with acoustic alarm system. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith EM. Advances in Thermal Design of Heat Exchangers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Appice A, Ceci M, Loglisci C, Manco G, Masciari E, Ras ZW, editors. New Frontiers in Mining Complex Patterns: First International Workshop, NFMCP 2012, Held in Conjunction with ECML/PKDD 2012, Bristol, UK, September 24, 2012, Rivesed Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stagni R, Tersi L, Merlo A, Sawaha Z, Fantozzi S. Validation of Motion Analysis Protocols: A Fundamental Issue for Clinical Application and Modeling. In: Jobbágy Á, editor. 5th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering: 14–18 September 2011, Budapest, Hungary. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 7–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Bridge Linking Magellanic Clouds Has Magnetic Field [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/bridge-linking-magellanic-clouds-has-magnetic-field/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Training Procurement: Weaknesses Identified in NTSB Procurement Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul. Report No.: OSI-94-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mullican CD. Multiple Intelligences in the Text: Examining the Presence of Multiple Intelligences Tasks in the Annotated Teacher’s Editions of Four High School United States History Textbooks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly D. In Short: Fiction. New York Times. 1989 Dec 31;712.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Bladder Dysfunction Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Bladder Dysfunct. Rep.
ISSN (print)1931-7212
ISSN (online)1931-7220
ScopeBiochemistry
Molecular Biology

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