How to format your references using the Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pulverer B. Transparency showcases strength of peer review. Nature. 2010;468:29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gerst A, Savage MK. Seismic anisotropy beneath Ruapehu volcano: a possible eruption forecasting tool. Science. 2004;306:1543–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shenvi N, Roy S, Tully JC. Dynamical steering and electronic excitation in NO scattering from a gold surface. Science. 2009;326:829–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Singha A, Gibertini M, Karmakar B, Yuan S, Polini M, Vignale G, et al. Two-dimensional Mott-Hubbard electrons in an artificial honeycomb lattice. Science. 2011;332:1176–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Coulson J. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Saito K, Ito A, Nakamura Y, Kuwana K, editors. Progress in Scale Modeling, Volume II: Selections from the International Symposia on Scale Modeling, ISSM VI (2009) and ISSM VII (2013). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kumar S, Gulati R. A Survey of Empirical Literature on Bank Efficiency. In: Gulati R, editor. Deregulation and Efficiency of Indian Banks. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014. p. 119–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What Happens When You Add A Drop Of Liquid Nitrogen To Gasoline? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Services and Outcomes for Participants With Differing Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: HRD-89-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koval BC. Undergraduate Students in Paraprofessional Roles and their Use of Online Social Networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Bullpen Surrenders Wheeler’s Lead, but the Mets Prevail. New York Times. 2017 Jun 8;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Bladder Dysfunction Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Bladder Dysfunct. Rep.
ISSN (print)1931-7212
ISSN (online)1931-7220
Molecular Biology

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