How to format your references using the cultural geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for cultural geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O. Morton,
‘PARTICLE PHYSICS: The Final Tally Leaves LEP a Probable Loser’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 290, 2000, 1274a.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Traverso and R. Langer,
‘Perspective: Special delivery for the gut’, Nature, 519, 2015, S19.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Zhao, C. Tong and J. Jiang,
‘Hedgehog regulates smoothened activity by inducing a conformational switch’, Nature, 450, 2007, 252–258.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
B. Beck, G. Driessens, S. Goossens, K. K. Youssef, A. Kuchnio, A. Caauwe, P. A. Sotiropoulou, S. Loges, G. Lapouge, A. Candi, G. Mascre, B. Drogat, S. Dekoninck, J. J. Haigh, P. Carmeliet and C. Blanpain,
‘A vascular niche and a VEGF-Nrp1 loop regulate the initiation and stemness of skin tumours’, Nature, 478, 2011, 399–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Jevon,
Paediatric Advanced Life Support (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.: West Sussex, UK, 2012).
An edited book
S. Eggersglüß,
High Quality Test Pattern Generation and Boolean Satisfiability (Springer US: Boston, MA, 2012), p. XVIII, 193 p.
A chapter in an edited book
M. P. Ayres, J. A. Hicke, B. K. Kerns, D. McKenzie, J. S. Littell, L. E. Band, C. H. Luce, A. S. Weed and C. L. Raymond,
‘Disturbance Regimes and Stressors’, in D. L. Peterson, J. M. Vose and T. Patel-Weynand (eds), Climate Change and United States Forests (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014), pp. 55–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for cultural geographies.

Blog post
D. Andrew,
Geomythology: Can Geologists Relate Ancient Stories Of Great Floods To Real Events?, IFLScience, 2016. Available at: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
Selected Information on Bypass of Local Telephone Companies (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. A. Bennett,
The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study (Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney,
‘QUICK BITE/Edison; Sandwich for Five?’, New York Times, 2006, 14NJ24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titlecultural geographies
AbbreviationCult. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1474-4740
ISSN (online)1477-0881
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Cultural Studies

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