How to format your references using the cultural geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for cultural geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. S. Burnett,
‘NASA returns rocks from a comet’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 314, 2006, 1709–1710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Karklin and M. S. Lewicki,
‘Emergence of complex cell properties by learning to generalize in natural scenes’, Nature, 457, 2009, 83–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Pawlowski, R. I. Dunbar and A. Lipowicz,
‘Tall men have more reproductive success’, Nature, 403, 2000, 156.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
E. Munch, M. E. Launey, D. H. Alsem, E. Saiz, A. P. Tomsia and R. O. Ritchie,
‘Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 322, 2008, 1516–1520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Snape,
Ancient Egyptian Tombs (Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011).
An edited book
D. Weyns, R. Mirandola and I. Crnkovic (eds.),
Software Architecture: 9th European Conference, ECSA 2015, Dubrovnik/Cavtat, Croatia, September 7-11, 2015. Proceedings (Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015), p. XVII, 382 p. 89 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Dietzfelbinger and S. Edelkamp,
‘Perfect Hashing for State Spaces in BDD Representation’, in B. Mertsching, M. Hund and Z. Aziz (eds), KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 32nd Annual German Conference on AI, Paderborn, Germany, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009), pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for cultural geographies.

Blog post
E. Andrew,
The Strangest Defence Mechanisms In The Animal Kingdom, IFLScience, 2014. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/strangest-defence-mechanisms-animal-kingdom/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
SSA Services to Employers (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Fengler,
Everyday Aesthetics and the Environmental Significance of Everyday Aesthetics: A High School Art Unit of Instruction Promoting Positive Attitudinal Changes towards the Environment (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg,
‘Zverev and Konta Lose In French Open Upsets’, New York Times, 2017, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference D. S. Burnett, ‘NASA returns rocks from a comet’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXIV (2006), pp. 1709–1710.
This sentence cites two references D. S. Burnett, ‘NASA returns rocks from a comet’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXIV (2006), pp. 1709–1710; Y. Karklin and M. S. Lewicki, ‘Emergence of complex cell properties by learning to generalize in natural scenes’, Nature CDLVII (2009), pp. 83–86.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Y. Karklin and M. S. Lewicki, ‘Emergence of complex cell properties by learning to generalize in natural scenes’, Nature CDLVII (2009), pp. 83–86
  • Three authors: B. Pawlowski, R. I. Dunbar and A. Lipowicz, ‘Tall men have more reproductive success’, Nature CDIII (2000), p. 156
  • Four or more authors: E. Munch, M. E. Launey, D. H. Alsem, E. Saiz, A. P. Tomsia and R. O. Ritchie, ‘Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXXII (2008), pp. 1516–1520

About the journal

Full journal titlecultural geographies
AbbreviationCult. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1474-4740
ISSN (online)1477-0881
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Cultural Studies

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