How to format your references using the cultural geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for cultural geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Forget,
‘Planetary science. Alien weather at the poles of Mars’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 306, 2004, 1298–1299.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.-I. Bae and C. A. Walsh,
‘Neuroscience. What are mini-brains?’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 342, 2013, 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Bintanja, R. S. W. van de Wal and J. Oerlemans,
‘Modelled atmospheric temperatures and global sea levels over the past million years’, Nature, 437, 2005, 125–128.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
R. V. S. Rajala, A. Rajala, A. J. Morris and R. E. Anderson,
‘Phosphoinositides: minor lipids make a major impact on photoreceptor cell functions’, Scientific Reports, 4, 2014, 5463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. M. Dunnivant and E. Anders,
A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005).
An edited book
A. Lenzi, S. Migliaccio and L. M. Donini (eds.),
Multidisciplinary Approach to Obesity: From Assessment to Treatment (Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015), p. IX, 350 p. 34 illus., 19 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Ahmed, V. K. Singh and R. S. Upadhyay,
‘Brassica Rhizosphere-Microbe Interactions and Their Role in Phytoremediation’, in N. A. Anjum, I. Ahmad, M. E. Pereira, A. C. Duarte, S. Umar and N. A. Khan (eds), The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2012), pp. 139–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for cultural geographies.

Blog post
E. Andrew,
The Race Is Still On For A Reusable Rocket Despite The SpaceX Setback, IFLScience, 2015. Available at: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
Metropolitan Planning Organizations: Options Exist to Enhance Transportation Planning Capacity and Federal Oversight (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. P. Chen,
An efficient algorithm for calculating fluctuation field and simulating the thermal magnetic aftereffect (Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. A. Kelly,
‘Seen the Airline’s Movie? Bring Your Own’, New York Times, 2006, 56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titlecultural geographies
AbbreviationCult. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1474-4740
ISSN (online)1477-0881
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Cultural Studies

Other styles