How to format your references using the cultural geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for cultural geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. C. Leonard,
‘Astronomy. A supernova riddle’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 315, 2007, 193–194.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. H. Lee and A. Amon,
‘Role of Polo-like kinase CDC5 in programming meiosis I chromosome segregation’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 2003, 482–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Acar, A. Becskei and A. van Oudenaarden,
‘Enhancement of cellular memory by reducing stochastic transitions’, Nature, 435, 2005, 228–232.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
D. A. Wiens, S. Anandakrishnan, J. P. Winberry and M. A. King,
‘Simultaneous teleseismic and geodetic observations of the stick-slip motion of an Antarctic ice stream’, Nature, 453, 2008, 770–774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Rankin,
Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome (Whurr Publishers Ltd: Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2008).
An edited book
P. J. Williams, A. Jones and C. Buntting (eds.),
The Future of Technology Education (Springer: Singapore, 2015), p. XII, 281 p. 11 illus., 4 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Andresen,
‘Compensation for Human Rights Violations in Estonia’, in E. Bagińska (ed), Damages for Violations of Human Rights: A Comparative Study of Domestic Legal Systems (Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016), pp. 43–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for cultural geographies.

Blog post
A. Carpineti,
Researchers Build A Wire Three Atoms Wide, IFLScience, 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/researchers-build-a-wire-three-atoms-wide/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
Immigration and Naturalization Service’s Survey of Illegal Aliens and Alien Documentation, Identification and Telecommunication System (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. E. Reese,
The Ecomorphology of White-tailed Deer Lower Limb Bones Through the Holocene in Central North America (Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey,
‘Exclusive Club? Not Anymore’, New York Times, 2010, B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference D. C. Leonard, ‘Astronomy. A supernova riddle’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXV (2007), pp. 193–194.
This sentence cites two references D. C. Leonard, ‘Astronomy. A supernova riddle’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXV (2007), pp. 193–194; B. H. Lee and A. Amon, ‘Role of Polo-like kinase CDC5 in programming meiosis I chromosome segregation’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCC (2003), pp. 482–486.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: B. H. Lee and A. Amon, ‘Role of Polo-like kinase CDC5 in programming meiosis I chromosome segregation’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCC (2003), pp. 482–486
  • Three authors: M. Acar, A. Becskei and A. van Oudenaarden, ‘Enhancement of cellular memory by reducing stochastic transitions’, Nature CDXXXV (2005), pp. 228–232
  • Four or more authors: D. A. Wiens, S. Anandakrishnan, J. P. Winberry and M. A. King, ‘Simultaneous teleseismic and geodetic observations of the stick-slip motion of an Antarctic ice stream’, Nature CDLIII (2008), pp. 770–774

About the journal

Full journal titlecultural geographies
AbbreviationCult. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1474-4740
ISSN (online)1477-0881
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Cultural Studies

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