How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part E citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part E. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheung, F., 2011. TCM: Made in China. Nature 480, S82-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Otterstrom, J.J., van Oijen, A.M., 2009. Biochemistry. Nudging through a nucleosome. Science 325, 547–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paul, J.W., West, J.P., Gitler, A.D., 2014. Cell Biology. Clogging information flow in ALS. Science 345, 1118–1119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong, W., Wei, X., Zhang, F., Hao, J., Huang, F., Zhang, C., Liang, W., 2014. A dual character of flavonoids in influenza A virus replication and spread through modulating cell-autonomous immunity by MAPK signaling pathways. Sci. Rep. 4, 7237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf, G., 2011. Tales of the Barbarians. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Boylan, M. (Ed.), 2005. Public Health Policy and Ethics, International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlson, K., 2015. Clefting, Parallelism, and Focus in Ellipsis Sentences, in: Frazier, L., Gibson, E. (Eds.), Explicit and Implicit Prosody in Sentence Processing: Studies in Honor of Janet Dean Fodor, Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part E.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Earthworms Are More Important Than Pandas (If You Want To Save The Planet) [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers (No. GAO-03-1175R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tolley, C.B., 2009. The role of trust and care in the implementation of a social constructivist curriculum in physical education (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sengupta, S., Eddy, M., Buckley, C., Rubin, A.J., 2017. Defiant Other Countries Reaffirm Fight Against Climate Change. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheung, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung, 2011; Otterstrom and van Oijen, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Otterstrom and van Oijen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part E
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part E: Logist. Trans. Rev.
ISSN (print)1366-5545
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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