How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part E citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part E. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erwin, D.H., 2005. Macroevolution. Seeds of diversity. Science 308, 1752–1753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Darst, C.R., Cummings, M.E., 2006. Predator learning favours mimicry of a less-toxic model in poison frogs. Nature 440, 208–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atallah, B.V., Scanziani, M., Carandini, M., 2014. Atallah et al. reply. Nature 508, E3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, X., Ling, X., Zhang, Z., Luo, H., Wen, S., 2014. Observation of spin Hall effect in photon tunneling via weak measurements. Sci. Rep. 4, 7388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitai, A., 2011. Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes: The role of the PN junction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Evens, A.M., Blum, K.A. (Eds.), 2015. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Pathology, Imaging, and Current Therapy, Cancer Treatment and Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cappabianca, P., De Caro, M.D.B., Brunetti, A., 2016. Introduction, in: Cappabianca, P., Cavallo, L.M., de Divitiis, O., Esposito, F. (Eds.), Midline Skull Base Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part E.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Did Fearlessness Lead To Chicken Domestication? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Voters With Disabilities: Access to Polling Places and Alternative Voting Methods (No. GAO-02-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reid, L.N., 2012. The Unintended Consequences of Narrowing Secondary Curriculum in Response to Low Standardized Test Scores (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Coaches Come and Go, Except JoePa. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erwin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Darst and Cummings, 2006; Erwin, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Darst and Cummings, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part E
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part E: Logist. Trans. Rev.
ISSN (print)1366-5545
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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