How to format your references using the Regional Environmental Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Environmental Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strong M (2005) Scientists and societies. Community outreach. Nature 434:418
A journal article with 2 authors
Klein DJ, Ferré-D’Amaré AR (2006) Structural basis of glmS ribozyme activation by glucosamine-6-phosphate. Science 313:1752–1756
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson CL, Constable CG, Tauxe L (2003) Geophysics. Mapping long-term changes in Earth’s magnetic field. Science 300:2044–2045
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kemp AIS, Hawkesworth CJ, Paterson BA, Kinny PD (2006) Episodic growth of the Gondwana supercontinent from hafnium and oxygen isotopes in zircon. Nature 439:580–583

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova DA, Fabozzi FJ (2016) Portfolio Construction and Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Heck A (ed) (2006) Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 6. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Borst P, Wielinga P (2007) Pumping Out Drugs. In: Peters GJ (ed) Deoxynucleoside Analogs In Cancer Therapy. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 109–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Environmental Change.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) These Maps Reveal How Vulnerable Your State Is To Earthquakes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Direct Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Participating Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres A (2013) An understanding of the first-generation community college student: A strengths and assets approach. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J (2017) Defying Roadblocks, Silicon Valley Tests a Flying Car. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strong 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Strong 2005; Klein and Ferré-D’Amaré 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klein and Ferré-D’Amaré 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemp et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Environmental Change
AbbreviationReg. Environ. Change
ISSN (print)1436-3798
ISSN (online)1436-378X
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change

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