How to format your references using the Regional Environmental Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Environmental Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers J (2009) Planetary science: Archaeology of the asteroid belt. Nature 460:963–964
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner HO, Farrell AP (2008) Ecology. Physiology and climate change. Science 322:690–692
A journal article with 3 authors
Duthie C, Gibbs G, Burns KC (2006) Seed dispersal by weta. Science 311:1575
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Womelsdorf T, Schoffelen J-M, Oostenveld R, et al (2007) Modulation of neuronal interactions through neuronal synchronization. Science 316:1609–1612

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartfuß H-J, Geist T (2013) Fusion Plasma Diagnostics with mm-Waves. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ryugo DK, Fay RR (eds) (2011) Auditory and Vestibular Efferents. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Riehle KJ, Fausto N (2014) Mechanisms of Liver Injury. In: Murray KF, Horslen S (eds) Diseases of the Liver in Children: Evaluation and Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp 67–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Environmental Change.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) What The World’s Oldest Calculator Tells Us About The Ancient Greeks’ View Of The Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Denial of Protest Involving Solicitation’s Evaluation Standard. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ravilla S (2013) Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory D, Ruiz RR (2014) G.M. Resists Expanding Victims’ Fund. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Pörtner and Farrell 2008; Chambers 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pörtner and Farrell 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Womelsdorf et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Environmental Change
AbbreviationReg. Environ. Change
ISSN (print)1436-3798
ISSN (online)1436-378X
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change

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