How to format your references using the Regional Environmental Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Environmental Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris MR (2004) Astronomy. Glimpsing matter at the brink. Science 304:689–692
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin H, Iwasaki A (2012) A vaccine strategy that protects against genital herpes by establishing local memory T cells. Nature 491:463–467
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee R, Mason A, members of the NTA Network (2014) Is low fertility really a problem? Population aging, dependency, and consumption. Science 346:229–234
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Inuzuka H, Shaik S, Onoyama I, et al (2011) SCF(FBW7) regulates cellular apoptosis by targeting MCL1 for ubiquitylation and destruction. Nature 471:104–109

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous A (2012) Fracture Mechanics 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Qi J, Evered KT (eds) (2008) Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Frohlich KM, Sarachan KL, Todd GC, et al (2016) Post-Transcriptional Modifications of RNA: Impact on RNA Function and Human Health. In: Jurga S, Erdmann (Deceased) VA, Barciszewski J (eds) Modified Nucleic Acids in Biology and Medicine. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 91–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Environmental Change.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Giant Squid Tries To Steal Fish From Russian Fishing Boat. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang Y (2012) Yield aggregation impacts on area-based insurance and commodity program. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2001) Is the Field Getting Too Crowded? New York Times 14NJ7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Morris 2004; Shin and Iwasaki 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shin and Iwasaki 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Inuzuka et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Environmental Change
AbbreviationReg. Environ. Change
ISSN (print)1436-3798
ISSN (online)1436-378X
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change

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