How to format your references using the Bell Labs Technical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bell Labs Technical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. S. Ruoff, “Journal club. A physical chemist is excited by the electronic potential of a new arrangement of carbon sheets,” Nature, vol. 463, no. 7283, p. 853, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. R. Montgomery and M. Manga, “Streamflow and water well responses to earthquakes,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5628, pp. 2047–2049, Jun. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Bi, R. A. Corpina, and J. Goldberg, “Structure of the Sec23/24-Sar1 pre-budding complex of the COPII vesicle coat,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6904, pp. 271–277, Sep. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Ji et al., “Comprehensive methylome map of lineage commitment from haematopoietic progenitors,” Nature, vol. 467, no. 7313, pp. 338–342, Sep. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Deutsch, Convergence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
H. Mouratidis and C. Rolland, Eds., Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 23rd International Conference, CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-24, 2011. Proceedings, vol. 6741. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Bennett, “Mathematics, Instruments and Navigation, 1600–1800,” in Mathematics and the Historian’s Craft: The Kenneth O. May Lectures, G. V. Brummelen and M. Kinyon, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2005, pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bell Labs Technical Journal.

Blog post
B. Taub, “New Melanoma Drug Hailed As ‘A Step Forward’ In Battle Against Deadly Skin Cancer,” IFLScience, 20-May-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Electronic Government: Performance Measures for Projects Aimed at Promoting Innovation and Transparency Can Be Improved,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-775, Sep. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. M. O’Neil, “Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Thrown by Life’s Curveballs, A Star Missed the Signals,” New York Times, p. D1, 04-Aug-2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBell Labs Technical Journal
AbbreviationBell Labs Tech. J.
ISSN (print)1089-7089
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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