How to format your references using the Energy Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olson, M.V., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. What does a “normal” human genome look like? Science 331, 872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soukoulis, C.M., Wegener, M., 2010. Materials science. Optical metamaterials--more bulky and less lossy. Science 330, 1633–1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faucher-Giguère, C.-A., Lidz, A., Hernquist, L., 2008. Numerical simulations unravel the cosmic web. Science 319, 52–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ge, B., Gram, H., Di Padova, F., Huang, B., New, L., Ulevitch, R.J., Luo, Y., Han, J., 2002. MAPKK-independent activation of p38alpha mediated by TAB1-dependent autophosphorylation of p38alpha. Science 295, 1291–1294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, G.C., 2010. Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Celebi, M.E., Schaefer, G. (Eds.), 2013. Color Medical Image Analysis, Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ali, M.A.M., Maarof, M.A., 2013. A Novel Malware Detection Framework Based on Innate Immunity and Danger Theory, in: Kim, K.J., Chung, K.-Y. (Eds.), IT Convergence and Security 2012, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bill Nye Wants You To Help Him Build A Solar Powered Spacecraft [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. FEA Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Services (No. B-178205.52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, J.R., 2012. Microwave-supported acid hydrolysis for proteomics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2015. Where Charter Schools Outperform. New York Times BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Olson, 2011; Soukoulis and Wegener, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soukoulis and Wegener, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ge et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Policy
AbbreviationEnergy Policy
ISSN (print)0301-4215
ScopeGeneral Energy
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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