How to format your references using the Energy Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeley, T.D., 2008. Obituary: martin lindauer (1918-2008). Nature 456, 718.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik, P., Frantz, S., 2003. The biotechnology sector’s craving for commercial expertise is fuelling a cultural exchange with drug industry. Nature 422, 542–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Batista, F.D., Iber, D., Neuberger, M.S., 2001. B cells acquire antigen from target cells after synapse formation. Nature 411, 489–494.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wagner, U., Gais, S., Haider, H., Verleger, R., Born, J., 2004. Sleep inspires insight. Nature 427, 352–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, J.C., McCormick, N.J., 2011. Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Spagnolo, P., Mazzeo, P.L., Distante, C. (Eds.), 2014. Human Behavior Understanding in Networked Sensing: Theory and Applications of Networks of Sensors. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lissoni, P., 2014. Melatonin in Human Cancer: Therapeutic Possibilities, in: Srinivasan, V., Brzezinski, A., Oter, S., Shillcutt, S.D. (Eds.), Melatonin and Melatonergic Drugs in Clinical Practice. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Boost Memory Using Magnetic Stimulation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Review of the Department of Agriculture’s Role in Regulating Biotechnology (No. 128550). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho, T., 2012. The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Childs, M., 2017. Pimco and Star Investor Settle Venomous War Over His Ouster. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeley, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Seeley, 2008; Smaglik and Frantz, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smaglik and Frantz, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wagner et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Policy
AbbreviationEnergy Policy
ISSN (print)0301-4215
ScopeGeneral Energy
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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