How to format your references using the Energy Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Chadarevian, S., 2003. Perceptions in science. The making of an icon. Science 300, 255–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandhi, S.P., Stevens, C.F., 2003. Three modes of synaptic vesicular recycling revealed by single-vesicle imaging. Nature 423, 607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, R., He, Z., Luan, S., 2002. Functional relationship of cytochrome c(6) and plastocyanin in Arabidopsis. Nature 417, 567–571.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, M., Krogan, N.J., Vasiljeva, L., Rando, O.J., Nedea, E., Greenblatt, J.F., Buratowski, S., 2004. The yeast Rat1 exonuclease promotes transcription termination by RNA polymerase II. Nature 432, 517–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson, D.R., 2006. Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cheng, S.-M., Day, M.-Y. (Eds.), 2014. Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence: 19th International Conference, TAAI 2014, Taipei, Taiwan, November 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Buades, J.M., González-Hidalgo, M., Perales, F.J., Ramis-Guarinos, S., Oliver, A., Montiel, E., 2013. A Fast Geometric Deformation Method to Adapt a Foot to a Platform, in: González Hidalgo, M., Mir Torres, A., Varona Gómez, J. (Eds.), Deformation Models: Tracking, Animation and Applications, Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 121–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. In Our Wi-Fi World, The Internet Still Depends On Undersea Cables [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Alternative Methods for Collecting Airport Passenger Facility Charges (No. GAO-13-262R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griner, K.F., 2014. The Effectiveness of the Integrative Career Counseling Model (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker, M.-L., 2016. … I Had Actual Egg on My Face. New York Times AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Chadarevian, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (de Chadarevian, 2003; Gandhi and Stevens, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandhi and Stevens, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Policy
AbbreviationEnergy Policy
ISSN (print)0301-4215
ScopeGeneral Energy
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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