How to format your references using the Energy Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strasser, P., 2015. CHEMISTRY. Catalysts by Platonic design. Science 349, 379–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vakil, A., Engheta, N., 2011. Transformation optics using graphene. Science 332, 1291–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmerman, A., Bai, L., Ginty, D.D., 2014. The gentle touch receptors of mammalian skin. Science 346, 950–954.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Korou, L.-M., Agrogiannis, G., Koros, C., Kitraki, E., Vlachos, I.S., Tzanetakou, I., Karatzas, T., Pergialiotis, V., Dimitroulis, D., Perrea, D.N., 2014. Impact of N-acetylcysteine and sesame oil on lipid metabolism and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis homeostasis in middle-aged hypercholesterolemic mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 6806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billingsley, J., 2006. Essentials of Mechatronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Opitz, D.L., Bergwik, S., Tiggelen, B.V. (Eds.), 2016. Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Creed, I.F., Sass, G.Z., 2011. Digital Terrain Analysis Approaches for Tracking Hydrological and Biogeochemical Pathways and Processes in Forested Landscapes, in: Levia, D.F., Carlyle-Moses, D., Tanaka, T. (Eds.), Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions, Ecological Studies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Joy To The World: An Ode To Outer Space At Christmas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Management of Northeast Corridor Improvements Demonstrates Need for Applying Best Practices (No. GAO-04-94). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, W.A., 2010. Middle school students’ experiences on a science museum field trip as Preparation for Future Learning (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. NBC Rolls Back Promised ‘Must See TV’ Revival. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strasser, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Strasser, 2015; Vakil and Engheta, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vakil and Engheta, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Korou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Policy
AbbreviationEnergy Policy
ISSN (print)0301-4215
ScopeGeneral Energy
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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