How to format your references using the Energy Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinogradov, A.E., 2004. Testing genome complexity. Science 304, 389–90; author reply 389-90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fuller, M.T., Spradling, A.C., 2007. Male and female Drosophila germline stem cells: two versions of immortality. Science 316, 402–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana, C.C., Misra, A., Ching, W.-Y., 2014. Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci. Rep. 4, 7332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Osaka, M., Yaoi, K., Minamoto, T., Osaka, N., 2014. Serial changes of humor comprehension for four-frame comic Manga: an fMRI study. Sci. Rep. 4, 5828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara, B.T., Malisow, B., 2017. CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abdul-Rahman, A., 2008. Spatial Data Modelling for 3D GIS. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Groeninckx, G., Harrats, C., Vanneste, M., Everaert, V., 2014. Crystallization, Micro- and Nano-structure, and Melting Behavior of Polymer Blends, in: Utracki, L.A., Wilkie, C.A. (Eds.), Polymer Blends Handbook. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 291–446.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. LISA Pathfinder: Ready For Space In Search Of Gravity Waves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Capitalization and Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund That Is Administered by the General Services Administration (No. B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivera, A., 2010. A post analysis of an advanced access appointment model (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., 2017. When Japan Had a Third Gender. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vinogradov, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fuller and Spradling, 2007; Vinogradov, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fuller and Spradling, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Osaka et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Policy
AbbreviationEnergy Policy
ISSN (print)0301-4215
ScopeGeneral Energy
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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