How to format your references using the Mycorrhiza citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mycorrhiza. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher CB (2006) Public health. Clinical trials results databases: unanswered questions. Science 311:180–181
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernstein A, Rossant J (2013) Anthony James Pawson (1952-2013). Nature 501:168
A journal article with 3 authors
Drell SD, Shultz GP, Andreasen SP (2012) Nuclear safety. A safer nuclear enterprise. Science 336:1236
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cherian PT, Wu X, Maddox MM, et al (2014) Chemical modulation of the biological activity of reutericyclin: a membrane-active antibiotic from Lactobacillus reuteri. Sci Rep 4:4721

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mariño PP (2016) Optimization of Computer Networks - Modeling and Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rosenberg D (2007) Use Case Driven Object Modeling with UML: Theory and Practice, 2nd edn. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Browning DJ (2010) Systemic and Ocular Factors Influencing Diabetic Retinopathy. In: Browning DJ (ed) Diabetic Retinopathy: Evidence-Based Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp 77–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mycorrhiza.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Biodegradable Plastics From Waste Methane. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Telecommunications: Federal Communications Commission Spectrum Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
HaMai T (2014) The “other” women: What about the experiences of women faculty of color in community colleges? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton E, Protess B, Lehren AW (2017) Raft of Potential Conflicts In President’s Appointees. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher 2006; Bernstein and Rossant 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bernstein and Rossant 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Cherian et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMycorrhiza
ISSN (print)0940-6360
ISSN (online)1432-1890
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles