How to format your references using the Mycorrhiza citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mycorrhiza. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fryzuk MD (2013) Chemistry. More can be better in N2 activation. Science 340:1530–1531
A journal article with 2 authors
Timmermann A, Menviel L (2009) Climate change. What drives climate flip-flops? Science 325:273–274
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamilton VE, Christensen PR, Bandfield JL (2003) Planetary science: Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars? Nature 421:711–2; discussion 712-3
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wijnands R, Van Der Klis M, Homan J, et al (2003) Quasi-periodic X-ray brightness fluctuations in an accreting millisecond pulsar. Nature 424:44–47

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D (2007) IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gersen SL, Keagle MB (eds) (2013) The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics, 3rd ed. 2013. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Fujii JI (2011) Spectrum and Entropy for Infinite Directed Graphs. In: Dehmer M (ed) Structural Analysis of Complex Networks. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 105–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mycorrhiza.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) Sobering Sea Ice Levels Are The 'New Normal”, According To NASA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Implementing the Small Business Innovation Development Act--The First 2 Years. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michaels JL (2009) Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Bowling With World’s Best, Then Rejoining 8th Grade. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fryzuk 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Timmermann and Menviel 2009; Fryzuk 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Timmermann and Menviel 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wijnands et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMycorrhiza
ISSN (print)0940-6360
ISSN (online)1432-1890
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles