How to format your references using the Mycorrhiza citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mycorrhiza. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kearns DB (2007) Microbiology. Bright insight into bacterial gliding. Science 315:773–774
A journal article with 2 authors
Mjolsness E, DeCoste D (2001) Machine learning for science: state of the art and future prospects. Science 293:2051–2055
A journal article with 3 authors
Behie SW, Zelisko PM, Bidochka MJ (2012) Endophytic insect-parasitic fungi translocate nitrogen directly from insects to plants. Science 336:1576–1577
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lagoudakis KG, Ostatnický T, Kavokin AV, et al (2009) Observation of half-quantum vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate. Science 326:974–976

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2012) Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hofmann-Wellenhof B (2005) Physical Geodesy. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Benci V, Grisanti CR, Micheletti AM (2006) Existence of Solutions for the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with V (∞) = 0. In: Cazenave T, Costa D, Lopes O, et al. (eds) Contributions to Nonlinear Analysis: A Tribute to D.G. de Figueiredo on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 53–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mycorrhiza.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Watch Diver Fend Off Sea Lion Attack. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Space Station: Cost Control Problems Continue to Worsen. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conlin LD (2012) Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) On Final Day, Tears and Jeers. New York Times B17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kearns 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mjolsness and DeCoste 2001; Kearns 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mjolsness and DeCoste 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lagoudakis et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMycorrhiza
ISSN (print)0940-6360
ISSN (online)1432-1890
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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