How to format your references using the Mycorrhiza citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mycorrhiza. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farese P (2012) Technology: How to build a low-energy future. Nature 488:275–277
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinrich A, Loth S (2011) Physics. A logical use for atoms. Science 332:1039–1040
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson ZL, Cheong C-G, Lee S-Y (2012) Crystal structure of a concentrative nucleoside transporter from Vibrio cholerae at 2.4 Å. Nature 483:489–493
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bieber S, Halldorson JB, Finn E, et al (2013) Extracorporeal delivery of rAAV with metabolic exchange and oxygenation. Sci Rep 3:1538

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilmore R, Lefranc M (2011) The Topology of Chaos. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ignatiev AA (2010) Heteromagnetic Microelectronics: Microsystems of Active Type. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Jan D, Janusz P (2010) Concurrent Development of Products, Processes and Manufacturing Systems in PLM Environments. In: Pokojski J, Fukuda S, Salwiński J (eds) New World Situation: New Directions in Concurrent Engineering: Proceedings of the 17th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering. Springer, London, pp 43–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mycorrhiza.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Amputee Simultaneously Controls Two Robotic Prosthetic Limbs With His Thoughts. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Preliminary Results of Work on FAA Facility Conditions and Workplace Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehlinger S (2012) Fault Lines. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007) Iran: Russia Delays Nuclear Plant To 2008. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farese 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Heinrich and Loth 2011; Farese 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heinrich and Loth 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bieber et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMycorrhiza
ISSN (print)0940-6360
ISSN (online)1432-1890
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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