How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Miesenböck G: The optogenetic catechism. Science 2009, 326:395–399.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Svetlizky I, Fineberg J: Classical shear cracks drive the onset of dry frictional motion. Nature 2014, 509:205–208.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ahn CH, Triscone J-M, Mannhart J: Electric field effect in correlated oxide systems. Nature 2003, 424:1015–1018.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Jaakola V-P, Griffith MT, Hanson MA, Cherezov V, Chien EYT, Lane JR, Ijzerman AP, Stevens RC: The 2.6 angstrom crystal structure of a human A2A adenosine receptor bound to an antagonist. Science 2008, 322:1211–1217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rigo M: Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Mytum H (Ed): Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools: Constructions of Knowledge and Experience. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Woodrow-Lafield KA: A Sociology of Official Unauthorized Statistics: Estimation or Guesstimation? In Opportunities and Challenges for Applied Demography in the 21st Century. Edited by Hoque N, Swanson DA. Springer Netherlands; 2012:49–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J: New Titanosaur Discovered in Argentina Had Big Eye Sockets And A Downturned Snout. IFLScience 2016,

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Arts Funding: Public Funding Profiles of the NEA States and Cities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tabares M: Comprehensive skills program for emancipated foster youth: A grant thesis project. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Paulson M: Artistic Director Leaves The Labyrinth Theater. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Immunology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0952-7915
ISSN (online)1879-0372
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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