How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Craighead H: Future lab-on-a-chip technologies for interrogating individual molecules. Nature 2006, 442:387–393.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Han S, Brunet A: Cell biology. Lysosomal lipid lengthens life span. Science 2015, 347:32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yin Y, Manoury B, Fåhraeus R: Self-inhibition of synthesis and antigen presentation by Epstein-Barr virus-encoded EBNA1. Science 2003, 301:1371–1374.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Bergelson J, Kreitman M, Stahl EA, Tian D: Evolutionary dynamics of plant R-genes. Science 2001, 292:2281–2285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cherniakov M: An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
1.
Orcutt J (Ed): Earth System Monitoring: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
DeMaria S, Levine AI: The Use of Stress to Enrich the Simulated Environment. In The Comprehensive Textbook of Healthcare Simulation. Edited by Levine AI, DeMaria S, Schwartz AD, Sim AJ. Springer; 2013:65–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E: Despite The Headlines, Dementia Epidemic May Not Actually Be Getting Worse. IFLScience 2015,

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: Additional Actions Needed for Three Safety Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tucker MS: Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of in vitro selected artemisinin resistant Plasmodium falciparum. 2010,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B: Missile Strike Signals a New Reality in Syria for Friends and Foes Alike. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Immunology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0952-7915
ISSN (online)1879-0372
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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