How to format your references using the Geoheritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoheritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Salo H (2011) Astronomy. Twisted disks. Science 332:672–673
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan MI, Mitchell TM (2015) Machine learning: Trends, perspectives, and prospects. Science 349:255–260
A journal article with 3 authors
Zwaan MA, van Dokkum PG, Verheijen MA (2001) Hydrogen 21-centimeter emission from a galaxy at cosmological distance. Science 293:1800–1802
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nagpal G, Sharma M, Kumar S, et al (2014) PCMdb: pancreatic cancer methylation database. Sci Rep 4:4197

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG (2013) Coal-Fired Power Generation Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
vom Brocke J, Seidel S, Recker J (eds) (2012) Green Business Process Management: Towards the Sustainable Enterprise. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Solodov I (2010) Non-Classical Nonlinearity in Solids for Defect-Selective Imaging and NDE. In: Wu T-T, Ma C-C (eds) IUTAM Symposium on Recent Advances of Acoustic Waves in Solids: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Recent Advances of Acoustic Waves in Solids, Taipei, Taiwan, May 25-28, 2009. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 53–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoheritage.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Riddle Behind Zebra Stripes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker MT (2009) Structure-property stress state dependent relationships under varying strain rates. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wilson M (2017) An Unconventional Witness. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Salo 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Salo 2011; Jordan and Mitchell 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jordan and Mitchell 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nagpal et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoheritage
ISSN (print)1867-2477
ISSN (online)1867-2485
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles