How to format your references using the Geoheritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoheritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stillman B (2001) DNA replication. Genomic views of genome duplication. Science 294:2301–2304
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwander T, Keller L (2008) Genetic compatibility affects queen and worker caste determination. Science 322:552
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraje G, Sadana R, Karam G (2005) Public health. Increasing international gaps in health-related publications. Science 308:959–960
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Graether SP, Kuiper MJ, Gagné SM, et al (2000) Beta-helix structure and ice-binding properties of a hyperactive antifreeze protein from an insect. Nature 406:325–328

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hallberg MC (2008) Economic Trends in U.S. Agriculture and Food Systems Since World War II. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA
An edited book
Cahalane H (ed) (2013) Contemporary Issues in Child Welfare Practice. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Murthy DN, Baik J, Wilson R, Bulmer M (2006) Two-Dimensional Failure Modeling. In: Pham H (ed) Springer Handbook of Engineering Statistics. Springer, London, pp 97–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoheritage.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Astronomers directly image a filament of the “cosmic web” for the first time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Fundamental Changes Needed To Achieve Effective Enforcement of Radio Communication Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph S (2009) A comprehensive evaluation of a school system’s grow your own principal preparation program. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Football Coaches Find Stress And Satisfaction. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stillman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Stillman 2001; Schwander and Keller 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwander and Keller 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Graether et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoheritage
ISSN (print)1867-2477
ISSN (online)1867-2485
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles