How to format your references using the Geoheritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoheritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg DL (2007) Comment on “Detecting awareness in the vegetative state.” Science 315:1221; author reply 1221
A journal article with 2 authors
Abouheif E, Wray GA (2002) Evolution of the gene network underlying wing polyphenism in ants. Science 297:249–252
A journal article with 3 authors
Baker CR, Hanson-Smith V, Johnson AD (2013) Following gene duplication, paralog interference constrains transcriptional circuit evolution. Science 342:104–108
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li Y-G, Ji D-F, Zhong S, et al (2013) 1-deoxynojirimycin inhibits glucose absorption and accelerates glucose metabolism in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Sci Rep 3:1377

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa PJ (2017) Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fdida S, Sugiura K (eds) (2007) Sustainable Internet: Third Asian Internet Engineering Conference, AINTEC 2007, Phuket, Thailand, November 27-29, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Paoli L, Donati A (2014) The Role of Sports Bodies and Organized Crime. In: Donati A (ed) The Sports Doping Market: Understanding Supply and Demand, and the Challenges of Their Control. Springer, New York, NY, pp 107–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoheritage.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Struggling To Stay Healthy In 2017? Bad Marketing Could Be To Blame. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/struggling-to-stay-healthy-in-2017-bad-marketing-could-be-to-blame/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox TM (2010) Is the Procurement Integrity Act “Important” Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R, Mueller B (2015) Defiant Pledge Fought Back in Fatal Hazing, Report Says. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Abouheif and Wray 2002; Greenberg 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abouheif and Wray 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoheritage
AbbreviationGeoheritage
ISSN (print)1867-2477
ISSN (online)1867-2485
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles