How to format your references using the Geoheritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoheritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schopper H (2006) Islam and science: where are the new patrons of science? Nature 444:35–36
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieg AM, Lipford GB (2008) Immunology. The toll of cathepsin K deficiency. Science 319:576–577
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan CH, Williams CC, Weissman JS (2015) LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science 348:1217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Behrens MR, Mutlu N, Chakraborty S, et al (2007) Dicamba resistance: enlarging and preserving biotechnology-based weed management strategies. Science 316:1185–1188

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundar V (2015) Ocean Wave Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sharp H, Hall T (eds) (2016) Agile Processes, in Software Engineering, and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Samaha AL, Bloom SE, Koehler LJ (2016) Preference Assessments for Clinical Decision Making. In: Singh NN (ed) Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 99–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoheritage.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Editing Stem Cells Could Stop HIV From Invading the Immune System. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/editing-stem-cells-could-stop-hiv-invading-immune-system/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) FirstNet: Efforts to Establish the Public-Safety Broadband Network. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barger B (2014) A Quantitative Study of Educational Poverty, School Location, and Student Achievement Measured by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Nixon R (2017) Vetting Is Little Changed Since Calls for Travel Ban. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schopper 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Schopper 2006; Krieg and Lipford 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krieg and Lipford 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Behrens et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoheritage
AbbreviationGeoheritage
ISSN (print)1867-2477
ISSN (online)1867-2485
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles