How to format your references using the Geoheritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoheritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shubik M (2015) RETROSPECTIVE. John Forbes Nash Jr. (1928-2015). Science 348:1324
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong W, Barlow H (2000) Tunes and templates. Nature 404:952–953
A journal article with 3 authors
Libby P, Ridker PM, Hansson GK (2011) Progress and challenges in translating the biology of atherosclerosis. Nature 473:317–325
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu Y, Baud V, Oga T, et al (2001) IKKalpha controls formation of the epidermis independently of NF-kappaB. Nature 410:710–714

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Will H (2011) »Sei naiv und mach’ ein Experiment«: Feodor Lynen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Grosjean H (ed) (2005) Fine-Tuning of RNA Functions by Modification and Editing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Annunziata CM, Roque DM, Azad N, Kohn EC (2008) Application of Serum and Tissue Proteomics to Understand and Detect Solid Tumors. In: Daoud SS (ed) Cancer Proteomics: From Bench to Bedside. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 101–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoheritage.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Ancient Artwork Depicts Collapse of Egypt’s Animal Communities. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Mass Transit: Information on the Federal Role in Funding the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang X (2017) Inferences on Gamma Distributions: Uncensored and Censored Cases. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1993) Vacation Ending, Clinton Plans to Fill More Jobs. New York Times 119

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shubik 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wong and Barlow 2000; Shubik 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Barlow 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoheritage
ISSN (print)1867-2477
ISSN (online)1867-2485
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles