How to format your references using the Geoheritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoheritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grier DG (2003) A revolution in optical manipulation. Nature 424:810–816
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwok S, Zhang Y (2011) Mixed aromatic-aliphatic organic nanoparticles as carriers of unidentified infrared emission features. Nature 479:80–83
A journal article with 3 authors
Davidson EM, Frothingham R, Cook-Deegan R (2007) Science and security. Practical experiences in dual-use review. Science 316:1432–1433
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Svedhem H, Titov DV, Taylor FW, Witasse O (2007) Venus as a more Earth-like planet. Nature 450:629–632

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf V (2012) The Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Pucci P, Colleoni M (eds) (2016) Understanding Mobilities for Designing Contemporary Cities. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cesca S, Grigoli F, Şen AT, et al (2014) The MINE Project: Monitoring Induced Seismicity in a German Coal Mine. In: Weber M, Münch U (eds) Tomography of the Earth’s Crust: From Geophysical Sounding to Real-Time Monitoring: GEOTECHNOLOGIEN Science Report No. 21. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoheritage.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) No S#!t Study: Scientists Find That Conspiracy Theorists Will Pretty Much Believe Anything You Tell Them. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) F/A-18E/F Aircraft Production Decision Should Be Postponed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jeffries RE (2010) An NMR-compatible bioartificial liver for metabolomic investigation of drug action. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L (2008) How Powerful Is Your Workout? New York Times G9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grier 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Grier 2003; Kwok and Zhang 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kwok and Zhang 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Svedhem et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoheritage
ISSN (print)1867-2477
ISSN (online)1867-2485
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles