How to format your references using the Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jiggins, C. D. (2014). Evolutionary biology: Radiating genomes. Nature, 513(7518), 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobbelaere, J., & Barral, Y. (2004). Spatial coordination of cytokinetic events by compartmentalization of the cell cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 393–396.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCauley, E., Nelson, W. A., & Nisbet, R. M. (2008). Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems. Nature, 455(7217), 1240–1243.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, H., Guo, J., Li, P., Fan, T., Zhang, D., & Ye, J. (2013). Leaf-architectured 3D hierarchical artificial photosynthetic system of perovskite titanates towards CO₂ photoreduction into hydrocarbon fuels. Scientific Reports, 3, 1667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers, R. M. (2016). Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Blackwell Publishing Company.
An edited book
Freeman, K., Elmegreen, B., Block, D., & Woolway, M. (Eds.). (2015). Lessons from the Local Group: A Conference in honour of David Block and Bruce Elmegreen. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, G. L., Chang, C. C., Chien, S. C., Tung, T. S., Lee, H. H., Ling, W. C., & Lee, H. L. (2007). Plasma-Ion Enhanced Optical Multilayer Thin-Film Coating for Consumer Electronics Products. In S. Hinduja & K.-C. Fan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th International MATADOR Conference: Formerly The International Machine Tool Design and Research Conference (pp. 17–20). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 5). Astronomers Find Quasar With Temperatures Hotter Than Thought Possible. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Automatic Data Processing Policies, Procedures, and Practices at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California (B-162407(6)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, J. K. (2012). Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R., & Schmitt, E. (2017, September 1). Showdown Expected in the Euphrates Valley, but It’s Complicated. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jiggins, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dobbelaere & Barral, 2004; Jiggins, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dobbelaere & Barral, 2004)
  • Three authors: (McCauley et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Behavioral Sciences
AbbreviationEvol. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)2330-2925
ISSN (online)2330-2933
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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