How to format your references using the International Political Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Political Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, Richard. (2004) The Blind Leading the Sighted. Nature 430: 836.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosten, Sarian, and Gissell Lacerot. (2009) Life in Science. It Takes a Village. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324: 1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, Kenneth G., Jeremy B. C. Jackson, and Ann F. Budd. (2008) Caribbean Reef Development Was Independent of Coral Diversity over 28 Million Years. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 1521–1523.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Süel, Gürol M., Jordi Garcia-Ojalvo, Louisa M. Liberman, and Michael B. Elowitz. (2006) An Excitable Gene Regulatory Circuit Induces Transient Cellular Differentiation. Nature 440: 545–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandén, Bo I. (2011) Design of Multithreaded Software. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cohen, Serge. (2013) 73 Fractional Fields and Applications. edited by Jacques Istas. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ospina, Naykky Singh, and Daniel L. Hurley. (2016) Primary Hyperparathyroidism and Osteoporosis. In Hyperparathyroidism: A Clinical Casebook, edited by Ann E. Kearns and Robert A. Wermers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Political Sociology.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. (2015) El Niño Is Bringing Flowers To The Atacama Desert. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997) Intercity Passenger Rail: The Financial Viability of Amtrak Continues to Be Threatened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas, Erica Monique. (2016) Perceptions of Educational Leaders’ Efficacy and Leadership Capacity upon Preliminary Administrative Credential Completion at California State University, Long Beach. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, Michael D. (2017) Trump, Inspired by France, Wants to Show Off Military Might With a July 4 Parade. New York Times: A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gregory 2004; Kosten and Lacerot 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosten and Lacerot 2009)
  • Three authors: (Johnson, Jackson, and Budd 2008)
  • 7 or more authors: (Süel, Garcia-Ojalvo, Liberman, and Elowitz 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Political Sociology
AbbreviationInt. Polit. Sociol.
ISSN (print)1749-5687
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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