How to format your references using the International Political Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Political Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shi, Pei-Yong. (2014) Structural Biology. Unraveling a Flavivirus Enigma. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343: 849–850.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bader, Joel S., and John Chant. (2006) Systems Biology. When Proteomes Collide. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311: 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sparrow, Betsy, Jenny Liu, and Daniel M. Wegner. (2011) Google Effects on Memory: Cognitive Consequences of Having Information at Our Fingertips. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333: 776–778.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tegus, O., E. Brück, K. H. J. Buschow, and F. R. de Boer. (2002) Transition-Metal-Based Magnetic Refrigerants for Room-Temperature Applications. Nature 415: 150–152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, Martin T., and Daniel R. Biegelman. (2010) Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Compliance Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Roscoe, A. W., Cliff B. Jones, and Kenneth R. Wood, Eds. (2010) Reflections on the Work of C.A.R. Hoare. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Slack, Keith. (2010) The Role of Mining in the Economies of Developing Countries: Time for a New Approach. In Mining, Society, and a Sustainable World, edited by Jeremy Richards. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Political Sociology.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. (2016) Cosmic Rays Increased Chances Of Apollo Astronauts Having Heart Problems, Study Says. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993) Airline Competition: Higher Fares and Less Competition Continue at Concentrated Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwell, Laura Y. (2017) Do Athletic Trainers Have a Positive Impact on High School Athletes’ Knowledge of Injury Prevention and Training Habits? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John, and Robert Gebeloff. (2016) Segregation, the Neighbor That Won’t Leave. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bader and Chant 2006; Shi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bader and Chant 2006)
  • Three authors: (Sparrow, Liu, and Wegner 2011)
  • 7 or more authors: (Tegus, Brück, Buschow, and de Boer 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Political Sociology
AbbreviationInt. Polit. Sociol.
ISSN (print)1749-5687
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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