How to format your references using the International Political Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Political Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lightman, Alan. (2005) A Tale of Two Loves. Nature 434: 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bliss, Tim, and Ralf Schoepfer. (2004) Neuroscience. Controlling the Ups and Downs of Synaptic Strength. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 973–974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Obata, Yayoi, Tomohiro Kono, and Izuho Hatada. (2002) Gene Silencing: Maturation of Mouse Fetal Germ Cells in Vitro. Nature 418: 497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holt, Liam J., Brian B. Tuch, Judit Villén, Alexander D. Johnson, Steven P. Gygi, and David O. Morgan. (2009) Global Analysis of Cdk1 Substrate Phosphorylation Sites Provides Insights into Evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 1682–1686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brillson, Leonard J. (2016) An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Helmstetter, Jacques. (2008) Quadratic Mappings and Clifford Algebras. edited by Artibano Micali. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerstner, Thomas, and Stefan Heinz. (2013) Dimension- and Time-Adaptive Multilevel Monte Carlo Methods. In Sparse Grids and Applications, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, edited by Jochen Garcke and Michael Griebel. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Political Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) Disappearing Hedgehogs Show Familiarity May Be A Curse. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006) Business Systems Modernization: DOD Continues to Improve Institutional Approach, but Further Steps Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, Abril N. (2017) Deadly Force: Perceptions of Police and Exploration of Strategies Used by African American Mothers to Protect Their Sons. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A. L., and Benjamin Mueller. (2016) Suspect in Machete Killing Said Neighbors Spied on Him, Officials Say. New York Times: A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lightman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bliss and Schoepfer 2004; Lightman 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bliss and Schoepfer 2004)
  • Three authors: (Obata, Kono, and Hatada 2002)
  • 7 or more authors: (Holt, Tuch, Villén, Johnson, Gygi, and Morgan 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Political Sociology
AbbreviationInt. Polit. Sociol.
ISSN (print)1749-5687
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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