How to format your references using the International Political Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Political Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Díaz, Vanessa. (2007) Researchers without Frontiers. Nature 446: 466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanchez, Veronica, and Deborah H. Spector. (2002) Virology. CMV Makes a Timely Exit. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 778–779.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelli, Denis G., Bart Farell, and Deborah C. Moore. (2003) The Remarkable Inefficiency of Word Recognition. Nature 423: 752–756.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bao, Siqin, Fuchou Tang, Xihe Li, Katsuhiko Hayashi, Astrid Gillich, Kaiqin Lao, and M. Azim Surani. (2009) Epigenetic Reversion of Post-Implantation Epiblast to Pluripotent Embryonic Stem Cells. Nature 461: 1292–1295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulinkovich, Oleg G. (2015) Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yuan, Wen. (2010) 2005 Morrey and Campanato Meet Besov, Lizorkin and Triebel. edited by Winfried Sickel and Dachun Yang. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pye, Kenneth, and Haim Tsoar. (2009) Mechanics of Aeolian Sand Transport. In Aeolian Sand and Sand Dunes, edited by Haim Tsoar. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Political Sociology.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. (2014) Stem Cell Injections Revitalize Failing Hearts, Trial Results Show. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993) Aerial Refueling Initiative: Cross-Service Analysis Needed To Determine Best Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, Jenni. (2012) The Work Expectations of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. (2017) LA 92. New York Times: C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Díaz 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Sanchez and Spector 2002; Díaz 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanchez and Spector 2002)
  • Three authors: (Pelli, Farell, and Moore 2003)
  • 7 or more authors: (Bao, Tang, Li, Hayashi, Gillich, Lao, et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Political Sociology
AbbreviationInt. Polit. Sociol.
ISSN (print)1749-5687
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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