How to format your references using the International Political Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Political Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basset, Jean-Marie. (2015) Yves Chauvin (1930-2015). Nature 519: 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachs, Jeffrey D., and Walter V. Reid. (2006) Environment. Investments toward Sustainable Development. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312: 1002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wurmser, Andrew E., Theo D. Palmer, and Fred H. Gage. (2004) Neuroscience. Cellular Interactions in the Stem Cell Niche. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 1253–1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cassidy, Cathal, Vidyadhar Singh, Panagiotis Grammatikopoulos, Flyura Djurabekova, Kai Nordlund, and Mukhles Sowwan. (2013) Inoculation of Silicon Nanoparticles with Silver Atoms. Scientific reports 3: 3083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, Harrison E. (2001) Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sivakumar, Mannava V. K., Raymond P. Motha, and Haripada P. Das, Eds. (2005) Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture: Impacts and Mitigation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hesthaven, Jan S., Gianluigi Rozza, and Benjamin Stamm. (2016) Certified Error Control. In Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, edited by Gianluigi Rozza and Benjamin Stamm. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Political Sociology.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. (2016) These Bees Pulled Strings To Prove They Can Learn And Share New Skills. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000) Export Controls: National Security Risks and Revisions to Controls on Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodison, Sean Edmund. (2014) The Undiscovered Country: Homicide, Dynamic Change, and Deterrence in Washington, D.C. Neighborhoods, 1998-2006. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael, and David Gelles. (2017) Where’s My Wonka Bar? New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basset 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sachs and Reid 2006; Basset 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachs and Reid 2006)
  • Three authors: (Wurmser, Palmer, and Gage 2004)
  • 7 or more authors: (Cassidy, Singh, Grammatikopoulos, Djurabekova, Nordlund, and Sowwan 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Political Sociology
AbbreviationInt. Polit. Sociol.
ISSN (print)1749-5687
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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