How to format your references using the International Political Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Political Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, Stephen. (2009) The Worst-Case Scenario. Nature 458: 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leopold, Pierre, and Norbert Perrimon. (2007) Drosophila and the Genetics of the Internal Milieu. Nature 450: 186–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mancini, Giada, Pier Francesco Ferrari, and Elisabetta Palagi. (2013) Rapid Facial Mimicry in Geladas. Scientific reports 3: 1527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tulapurkar, A. A., Y. Suzuki, A. Fukushima, H. Kubota, H. Maehara, K. Tsunekawa, D. D. Djayaprawira, N. Watanabe, and S. Yuasa. (2005) Spin-Torque Diode Effect in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions. Nature 438: 339–342.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, Marvin C. (2005) LC/MS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tavares, João Manuel R. S., and R. M. Natal Jorge, Eds. (2015) 21 Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivas, Virinchi, and Pabitra Mitra. (2016) Applications of Link Prediction. In Link Prediction in Social Networks: Role of Power Law Distribution, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science, edited by Pabitra Mitra. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Political Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) Wiring of Autistic Brains Shown To Be Highly Individualized. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979) Interagency Laboratory Use: Current Practices and Recurring Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Medlej, Maroun. (2017) Assessing the Probability of Prototyping Success in Systems Acquisitions (APOPS). Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. (2017) Sharapova’s Entry to Wimbledon: Qualify. New York Times: D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Leopold and Perrimon 2007; Schneider 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leopold and Perrimon 2007)
  • Three authors: (Mancini, Ferrari, and Palagi 2013)
  • 7 or more authors: (Tulapurkar, Suzuki, Fukushima, Kubota, Maehara, Tsunekawa, et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Political Sociology
AbbreviationInt. Polit. Sociol.
ISSN (print)1749-5687
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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