How to format your references using the Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E. (2008). Science careers. Measuring the impact of invasive plants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1516.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, B. C., & Yamamoto, K. R. (2002). Disassembly of transcriptional regulatory complexes by molecular chaperones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2232–2235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peelen, M. V., Fei-Fei, L., & Kastner, S. (2009). Neural mechanisms of rapid natural scene categorization in human visual cortex. Nature, 460(7251), 94–97.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gratten, J., Wilson, A. J., McRae, A. F., Beraldi, D., Visscher, P. M., Pemberton, J. M., & Slate, J. (2008). A localized negative genetic correlation constrains microevolution of coat color in wild sheep. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5861), 318–320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson, A. D. (2016). Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hörner, W., Döbert, H., Kopp, B. V., & Mitter, W. (Eds.). (2007). The Education Systems of Europe. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Maeda, K., & Mizubayashi, H. (2011). Nanoscopic Architecture and Microstructure. In H. Czichos, T. Saito, & L. Smith (Eds.), Springer Handbook of Metrology and Testing (pp. 205–279). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 18). London Has Issued A Toxic Air Alert Over High Levels Of Pollution. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration’s Inventory Accountability (AIMD-99-98R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allard, I. N. (2010). Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: Moderators of culture gap [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, June 15). From the Farm | How to Skip Supermarkets. New York Times, NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman & Yamamoto, 2002; Pain, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman & Yamamoto, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Peelen et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gratten et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCouple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice
AbbreviationCouple Family Psychol.
ISSN (print)2160-4096
ISSN (online)2160-410X

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