How to format your references using the Cosmetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cosmetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nerenberg, R. Microbiology. Breathing Perchlorate. Science 2013, 340, 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matouschek, A.; Finley, D. Cell Biology. An Ancient Portal to Proteolysis. Science 2012, 337, 813–814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joachim, C.; Gimzewski, J.K.; Aviram, A. Electronics Using Hybrid-Molecular and Mono-Molecular Devices. Nature 2000, 408, 541–548.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sorefan, K.; Girin, T.; Liljegren, S.J.; Ljung, K.; Robles, P.; Galván-Ampudia, C.S.; Offringa, R.; Friml, J.; Yanofsky, M.F.; Østergaard, L. A Regulated Auxin Minimum Is Required for Seed Dispersal in Arabidopsis. Nature 2009, 459, 583–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W. Bioverfahrensentwicklung; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2013; ISBN 9783527673834.
An edited book
Social Informatics: SocInfo 2013 International Workshops, QMC and HISTOINFORMATICS, Kyoto, Japan, November 25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Nadamoto, A., Jatowt, A., Wierzbicki, A., Leidner, J.L., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 8359; ISBN 9783642552847.
A chapter in an edited book
Stechert, C.; Franke, H.-J.; Vietor, T. Knowledge-Based Design Principles and Tools for Parallel Robots. In Robotic Systems for Handling and Assembly; Schütz, D., Wahl, F.M., Eds.; Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 59–75 ISBN 9783642167843.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cosmetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Is the Universe Ringing Like a Bell? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Weaknesses in National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Facilities Utilization Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer, T.H. Removal of Natural Organic Matter by Anion Exchange: Multiscale Experimentation and Mathematical Modeling. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill, NC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. Bidders’ Plans for Brooklyn Hospital Include Medical and Housing Needs. New York Times 2014, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCosmetics
ISSN (online)2079-9284

Other styles