How to format your references using the Cosmetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cosmetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heisenberg, M. Is Free Will an Illusion? Nature 2009, 459, 164–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasahara, T.; Kato, T. Nutritional Biochemistry: A New Redox-Cofactor Vitamin for Mammals. Nature 2003, 422, 832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schroeder, J.I.; Kwak, J.M.; Allen, G.J. Guard Cell Abscisic Acid Signalling and Engineering Drought Hardiness in Plants. Nature 2001, 410, 327–330.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mann, N.H.; Cook, A.; Millard, A.; Bailey, S.; Clokie, M. Marine Ecosystems: Bacterial Photosynthesis Genes in a Virus. Nature 2003, 424, 741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harper, C. Analytic Methods in Physics; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005; ISBN 9783527603077.
An edited book
Selected Topics in Complex Analysis: The S. Ya. Khavinson Memorial Volume; Eiderman, V.Y., Samokhin, M.V., Eds.; Operator Theory: Advances and Applications; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2005; Vol. 158; ISBN 9783764372514.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, X.; Li, X. Conclusion and Future Directions. In Location Privacy Protection in Mobile Networks; Li, X., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Computer Science; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 73–75 ISBN 9781461490739.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cosmetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. Study With 95,000 Children Finds No Link Between Autism and Measles Vaccine, Even In High Risk Children Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office International Space Station: Significant Challenges May Limit Onboard Research; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, D.J. How the Lead Systems Integrator Experience Should Enhance Efforts to Rebuild the Defense Acquisition Workforce. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. Faces of a Small Southern Town. New York Times 2015, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCosmetics
ISSN (online)2079-9284

Other styles