How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gopnik, A. 2012. “Scientific thinking in young children: theoretical advances, empirical research, and policy implications.” Science, 337 (6102): 1623–1627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apostolou, E., and K. Hochedlinger. 2013. “Chromatin dynamics during cellular reprogramming.” Nature, 502 (7472): 462–471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P. J., B. Wible, and M. McCartney. 2010. “Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction.” Science, 328 (5977): 447.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Foster, K. L., R. A. Plastridge, J. W. Bottenheim, P. B. Shepson, B. J. Finlayson-Pitts, and C. W. Spicer. 2001. “The role of Br2 and BrCl in surface ozone destruction at polar sunrise.” Science, 291 (5503): 471–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deichmann, U. 2005. Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Granville, A., and Z. Rudnick (Eds.). 2007. Equidistribution in Number Theory, An Introduction. NATO Science Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Suardi, M., and M. Kurian. 2015. “Results-Based Financing and Its Potential Role in Advancing the Nexus Approach.” Governing the Nexus: Water, Soil and Waste Resources Considering Global Change, M. Kurian and R. Ardakanian, eds., 83–104. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. “Earth’s Magnetic Pole Could Reverse Within A Single Human Lifetime.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Improved Planning and Acquisition Strategies Can Help Address Operational Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider, M. C. 2012. “The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador.” Doctoral dissertation. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. 2012. “Kick Up Those Heels.” New York Times, May 4, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gopnik 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Apostolou and Hochedlinger 2013; Gopnik 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Apostolou and Hochedlinger 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Foster et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles