How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koentges, G. (2010). “Journal club. A genomic systems biologist muses on how shared DNA mistakes reveal shared cellular ancestry.” Nature, 467(7313), 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armatas, G. S., and Kanatzidis, M. G. (2006). “Hexagonal mesoporous germanium.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 817–820.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubenstein, M., Cornejo, A., and Nagpal, R. (2014). “Robotics. Programmable self-assembly in a thousand-robot swarm.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 795–799.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mitchell, A., Romano, G. H., Groisman, B., Yona, A., Dekel, E., Kupiec, M., Dahan, O., and Pilpel, Y. (2009). “Adaptive prediction of environmental changes by microorganisms.” Nature, 460(7252), 220–224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoschette, J. A. (2010). The Engineer’s Career Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Print, M., and Tan, C. (Eds.). (2015). Educating “Good” Citizens in a Globalising World for the Twenty-First Century. Civic and Political Education, SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Deswarte, Y., and Gambs, S. (2010). “Towards a Privacy-Preserving National Identity Card.” Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneous Security: 4th International Workshop, DPM 2009 and Second International Workshop, SETOP 2009, St. Malo, France, September 24-25, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, J. Garcia-Alfaro, G. Navarro-Arribas, N. Cuppens-Boulahia, and Y. Roudier, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 48–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). “One Delicious Combination Will Boost Attention Better Than Any Other Drink, Says Study.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Geographic Information System: Forest Service Has Resolved GAO Concerns About Its Proposed Nationwide System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grant, L. (2013). “How Does a Principal Use Intention and Strategy in the Enactment of Advocacy Leadership?” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). “Clouds Part Long Enough For a Memorable Ride.” New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koentges 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Armatas and Kanatzidis 2006; Koentges 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armatas and Kanatzidis 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Mitchell et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles