How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marín, O. (2010). “Journal club. A developmental neurobiologist looks at how damage induces cell birth in the adult brain.” Nature, 465(7297), 401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M. L., and Megonigal, J. P. (2013). “Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise.” Nature, 504(7478), 53–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, S.-M., Chen, W., and Wang, J. (2014). “Distinguishing between cancer cell differentiation and resistance induced by all-trans retinoic acid using transcriptional profiles and functional pathway analysis.” Scientific reports, 4, 5577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wei, J.-T., Huang, W.-H., Du, C.-W., Qiu, S.-Q., Wei, X.-L., Liu, J., and Zhang, G.-J. (2014). “Clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of young breast cancers in Eastern Guangdong of China.” Scientific reports, 4, 5360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wernecke, R. (2003). Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Apolloni, B., Bassis, S., Esposito, A., and Morabito, F. C. (Eds.). (2013). Neural Nets and Surroundings: 22nd Italian Workshop on Neural Nets, WIRN 2012, May 17-19, Vietri sul Mare, Salerno, Italy. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Goss, K., and Lahm, T. (2015). “Hypoxic Pulmonary Hypertension.” Diagnosis and Management of Pulmonary Hypertension, Respiratory Medicine, J. R. Klinger and R. P. Frantz, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “The Strangest Defence Mechanisms In The Animal Kingdom.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). FAA Registry Systems: Key Steps Need to Be Performed Before Modernization Proceeds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, E. (2019). “Leadership Practices in K-12 Public Schools for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students: A Qualitative Study.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hirsch, G. A. (2014). “One Man’s Vision: Footrace in Five Boroughs.” New York Times, SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marín 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kirwan and Megonigal 2013; Marín 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan and Megonigal 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles