How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, S. E. 2013. “Be prepared for the big genome leak.” Nature, 498 (7453): 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rey, G., and A. B. Reddy. 2013. “Physiology. Rhythmic respiration.” Science, 342 (6158): 570–571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alarousu, E., A. AlSaggaf, and G. E. Jabbour. 2013. “Online monitoring of printed electronics by Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography.” Sci. Rep., 3: 1562.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Q., M. Chen, M. Perc, A. Iqbal, and D. Abbott. 2013. “Effects of adaptive degrees of trust on coevolution of quantum strategies on scale-free networks.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2949.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, G. W. 2003. Wavelets in Electromagnetics and Device Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stiglitz, J. E., and M. Guzman (Eds.). 2016. Contemporary Issues in Microeconomics. International Economic Association Series. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, P. L. 2016. “Magical Murakami Nightmares.” Haruki Murakami: Challenging Authors, M. C. Strecher and P. L. Thomas, eds., 47–57. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “5 Ways Social Media Is Changing Your Brain.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, C. A. 2013. “Intervention workshops for members of multidisciplinary teams on hoarding: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T. 2015. “In an Uber World, Fortune Favors the Freelancer.” New York Times, June 27, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner 2013; Rey and Reddy 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rey and Reddy 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles