How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dando, M. (2009). “Biologists napping while work militarized.” Nature, 460(7258), 950–951.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nitzan, A., and Ratner, M. A. (2003). “Electron transport in molecular wire junctions.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1384–1389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knapp, S., Polaszek, A., and Watson, M. (2007). “Spreading the word.” Nature, 446(7133), 261–262.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lücke, B., Scherer, M., Kruse, J., Pezzé, L., Deuretzbacher, F., Hyllus, P., Topic, O., Peise, J., Ertmer, W., Arlt, J., Santos, L., Smerzi, A., and Klempt, C. (2011). “Twin matter waves for interferometry beyond the classical limit.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 773–776.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao, Q., Shuyu, T., Min, Z., and Chun, J. (2014). The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shahbazyan, T. V., and Stockman, M. I. (Eds.). (2013). Plasmonics: Theory and Applications. Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Martignoni, L., Stinson, E., Fredrikson, M., Jha, S., and Mitchell, J. C. (2008). “A Layered Architecture for Detecting Malicious Behaviors.” Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 11th International Symposium, RAID 2008, Cambridge, MA, USA, September 15-17, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, R. Lippmann, E. Kirda, and A. Trachtenberg, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 78–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Bone Tissue Regrown Using Proteins from Stem Cells.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). For-Profit Schools: Experiences of Undercover Students Enrolled in Online Classes at Selected Colleges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Braynen, W. (2012). “Beyond Price Signaling: Choice, Information and Justice.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., and Schonbrun, Z. (2017). “Northwestern Makes Its Debut a Winning One.” New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dando 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dando 2009; Nitzan and Ratner 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nitzan and Ratner 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lücke et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles