How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholson, E. (2015). “Accounting for career breaks.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6236), 830.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swirski, F. K., and Nahrendorf, M. (2013). “Leukocyte behavior in atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and heart failure.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6116), 161–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
McElwain, J. C., Wagner, P. J., and Hesselbo, S. P. (2009). “Fossil plant relative abundances indicate sudden loss of Late Triassic biodiversity in East Greenland.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5934), 1554–1556.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yildiz, A., Forkey, J. N., McKinney, S. A., Ha, T., Goldman, Y. E., and Selvin, P. R. (2003). “Myosin V walks hand-over-hand: single fluorophore imaging with 1.5-nm localization.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5628), 2061–2065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M., Ariff, M., and Mohamad, S. (2014). Sukuk Securities. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Jiménez Catalán, R. M. (Ed.). (2014). Lexical Availability in English and Spanish as a Second Language. Educational Linguistics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hecht, M., and Harting, J. (2008). “Structural Transitions in Colloidal Suspensions.” High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering `07: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2007, W. E. Nagel, D. Kröner, and M. Resch, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 45–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Cannibalism And Detachable Penises: The Unusual Sex Lives Of The Animal Kingdom.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Developing and Using Questionnaires. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen, A. E. (2010). “Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, L. (2011). “Scouting Report.” New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nicholson 2015; Swirski and Nahrendorf 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Swirski and Nahrendorf 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yildiz et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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