How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huarte, M. (2009). “Journal club. A biologist looks at new functions for non-coding RNAs.” Nature, 459(7246), 487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, V., and Savage, M. (2001). “Changes in seismic anisotropy after volcanic eruptions: evidence from Mount Ruapehu.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5538), 2231–2233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas, P., Moretti, P., and Muñoz, M. A. (2014). “Frustrated hierarchical synchronization and emergent complexity in the human connectome network.” Scientific reports, 4, 5990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ou, G., Blacque, O. E., Snow, J. J., Leroux, M. R., and Scholey, J. M. (2005). “Functional coordination of intraflagellar transport motors.” Nature, 436(7050), 583–587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazze, R. S., Strock, E. S., Simonson, G. D., and Bergenstal, R. M. (2006). Staged Diabetes Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hall, R. E. (Ed.). (2013). The Melanin Millennium: Skin Color as 21st Century International Discourse. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ciraulo, F., and Sambin, G. (2008). “Finiteness in a Minimalist Foundation.” Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2007, Cividale des Friuli, Italy, May 2-5, 2007 Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, M. Miculan, I. Scagnetto, and F. Honsell, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). “Comet’s Structure Is Like Deep-Fried Ice Cream.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Should Be Reassessed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez, E. (2009). “Keys to my home: A grant proposal project.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014). “After 2 Helmets Are Decertified, Lacrosse Faces Safety Concerns.” New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huarte 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Huarte 2009; Miller and Savage 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Savage 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ou et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles