How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pellegrino, J. W. (2013). “Proficiency in science: assessment challenges and opportunities.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 320–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, C. T., and Peden, C. H. F. (2005). “Chemistry. Oxygen vacancies and catalysis on ceria surfaces.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 713–714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Della Negra, M., Jenni, P., and Virdee, T. S. (2012). “Journey in the search for the Higgs boson: the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6114), 1560–1568.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sala, E., Aburto-Oropeza, O., Paredes, G., Parra, I., Barrera, J. C., and Dayton, P. K. (2002). “A general model for designing networks of marine reserves.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5600), 1991–1993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., and Dalgleish, E. (2006). Corporate Actions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cristea, I. A. (2016). REBT in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adults. SpringerBriefs in Psychology, (S. Stefan, O. David, C. Mogoase, and A. Dobrean, eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Paschen, M., and Dihsmaier, E. (2014). “Leadership, Threats, and Change: How to Generate Leadership Strength by Understanding Problems and Crises.” The Psychology of Human Leadership: How To Develop Charisma and Authority, E. Dihsmaier, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 91–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). “EPA Accidentally Contaminates River With Millions Of Gallons Of Toxic Waste.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Highway Trust Fund: Options for Improving Sustainability and Mechanisms to Manage Solvency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Leary, J. J. (2012). “Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization.” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008). “Boris Fyodorov, 50, Dies; Guided Reforms in Russia.” New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baughman 2005; Chemler 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Peden 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles