How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maren, S. (2007). “Neuroscience. The threatened brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5841), 1043–1044.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellars, P., and French, J. C. (2011). “Tenfold population increase in Western Europe at the Neandertal-to-modern human transition.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 623–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roseboom, W., Kawabe, T., and Nishida, S. (2013). “The cross-modal double flash illusion depends on featural similarity between cross-modal inducers.” Scientific reports, 3, 3437.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, D., Guo, W., Hu, J., Liu, F., Chen, L., Du, S., and Tang, Z. (2013). “Estimating atomic sizes with Raman spectroscopy.” Scientific reports, 3, 1486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarbock, G., Lynch, S., Ammann, A., and Ringer, S. (2014). Mindfulness for Therapists. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Karner, C., and Weicht, B. (Eds.). (2016). The Commonalities of Global Crises: Markets, Communities and Nostalgia. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramsay, J. O., Hooker, G., and Graves, S. (2009). “Smoothing: Computing Curves from Noisy Data.” Functional Data Analysis with R and MATLAB, G. Hooker and S. Graves, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). “Crowd Sourced Science To Revive A Space Probe.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Intercity Passenger and Freight Rail: Better Data and Communication of Uncertainties Can Help Decision Makers Understand Benefits and Trade-offs of Programs and Policies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona, B. (2012). “Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). “Sam Shepard, Whose Plays Forged a New Frontier, Dies at 73.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maren 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Maren 2007; Mellars and French 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mellars and French 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Energy Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9402
ISSN (online)1943-7897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Civil and Structural Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles