How to format your references using the Cornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Out in the cold. Nature. 2003;421:95.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sharma P, Allison JP. Retrospective. Lloyd J. Old (1933-2011). Science. 2012;335:49.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rao CV, Wolf DM, Arkin AP. Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise. Nature. 2002;420:231-237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Cliffe LJ, Humphreys NE, Lane TE, et al. Accelerated intestinal epithelial cell turnover: a new mechanism of parasite expulsion. Science. 2005;308:1463-1465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ledolter J. Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Galloro G, ed. Endoscopic Follow-up of Digestive Anastomosis. Milano: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Halaas Ø, Husebye H, Espevik1 T. The Journey of Toll-like Receptors in the Cell. In: Lambris JD, ed. Current Topics in Innate Immunity. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. New York, NY: Springer; 2007:35-48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cornea.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Time lapse of molting giant spider crab. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/time-lapse-molting-giant-spider-crab/. Published December 14, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Response to the Department of Education’s Request to Reconsider the High-Risk Designation of Federal Student Aid Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Garcia M. Perception of Latino students by teachers and counselors in the educational system. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Ariana Grande To Perform Benefit. New York Times. May 26, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCornea
AbbreviationCornea
ISSN (print)0277-3740
ISSN (online)1536-4798
ScopeOphthalmology

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