How to format your references using the Cornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Toxicogenomics gains impetus. Nature. 2002;415:4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ignés-Mullol J, Schwartz DK. Shear-induced molecular precession in a hexatic Langmuir monolayer. Nature. 2001;410:348-351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao S, Zhou C, Yuan X. Palaeontology: undressing and redressing Ediacaran embryos. Nature. 2007;446:E9-10; discussion E10-1.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Badjic JD, Balzani V, Credi A, et al. A molecular elevator. Science. 2004;303:1845-1849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li RC-H. RF Circuit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Martí J, Benedí JM, Mendonça AM, et al., eds. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: Third Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2007, Girona, Spain, June 6-8, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Vol 4477. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Pachler N, Bachmair B, Cook J. Whither a Socio-Cultural Ecology of Learning with Mobile Devices. In: Bachmair B, Cook J, eds. Mobile Learning: Structures, Agency, Practices. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010:155-171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cornea.

Blog post
Andrew E. 1995 VHS Footage Captures Shocking Orca Incident At SeaWorld. IFLScience. Published October 30, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation: Collaborative Efforts with European Union Generally Mirror Effective Practices, but Near-Term Challenges Could Delay Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lara C. Bullying victimization among adolescent students: A qualitative study. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF, Moynihan C. Well Before Scandals, Cosby’s Wife Faulted Media Treatment of Blacks. New York Times. January 20, 2015:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCornea
ISSN (print)0277-3740
ISSN (online)1536-4798

Other styles