How to format your references using the Cornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton B. Bioengineering programmes rise to meet the challenge of a young science. Nature. 2000;403:463-465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reipurth B, Mikkola S. Formation of the widest binary stars from dynamical unfolding of triple systems. Nature. 2012;492:221-224.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barta A, Dorner S, Polacek N. Mechanism of ribosomal peptide bond formation. Science. 2001;291:203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsiganis K, Gomes R, Morbidelli A, et al. Origin of the orbital architecture of the giant planets of the Solar System. Nature. 2005;435:459-461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molino Sr. LN. Emergency Incident Management Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Kubátová H, Hochberger C, Daněk M, et al., eds. Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 7767. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Biehl JS. The Insignificance of Choice. In: Chan DK, ed. Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Philosophical Studies Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008:75-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cornea.

Blog post
Hale T. Moron Allegedly Punches Hammerhead Shark To Death On Beach. IFLScience. Published November 25, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Telecommunications: HCFA Needs to Expedite Transition to FTS 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy AC. Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Oral Dissents Give Ginsburg A New Voice. New York Times. May 31, 2007:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCornea
ISSN (print)0277-3740
ISSN (online)1536-4798

Other styles