How to format your references using the Cornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Livio M. Lab life: don’t bristle at blunders. Nature. 2013;497:309-310.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lee J-H, Paull TT. Direct activation of the ATM protein kinase by the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex. Science. 2004;304:93-96.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lin J, Balabin IA, Beratan DN. The nature of aqueous tunneling pathways between electron-transfer proteins. Science. 2005;310:1311-1313.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Lin K, Xing J, Quan LN, et al. Perovskite light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 20 per cent. Nature. 2018;562:245-248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Yu J. Way of the Trade. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Dieing T, Hollricher O, Toporski J, eds. Confocal Raman Microscopy. Vol 158. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Costantini A, Gutierrez E, Cacheiro JL, et al. Porting of GROMACS Package into the Grid Environment: Testing of a New Distribution Strategy. In: Taniar D, Gervasi O, Murgante B, et al., eds. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2010: International Conference, Fukuoka, Japan, March 23-26, 2010, Proceedings, Part IV. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:41-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cornea.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Young Girl Has Tapeworm Cyst Half The Size Of Her Brain Removed. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/young-girl-has-tapeworm-cyst-half-the-size-of-her-brain-removed/. Published September 15, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: Contract Management Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vento-Wilson M. The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Alvarez L. Families Hope Words Endure Past Shooting. New York Times. June 25, 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCornea
AbbreviationCornea
ISSN (print)0277-3740
ISSN (online)1536-4798
ScopeOphthalmology

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