How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computational Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computational Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silver, L.M. What Are Clones? Nature 2001, 412, 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knust, E.; Bossinger, O. Composition and Formation of Intercellular Junctions in Epithelial Cells. Science 2002, 298, 1955–1959.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby, E.; Henderson, B.; McFall-Ngai, M. Microbiology. We Get by with a Little Help from Our (Little) Friends. Science 2004, 303, 1305–1307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bansal, D.; Miyake, K.; Vogel, S.S.; Groh, S.; Chen, C.-C.; Williamson, R.; McNeil, P.L.; Campbell, K.P. Defective Membrane Repair in Dysferlin-Deficient Muscular Dystrophy. Nature 2003, 423, 168–172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abraham, A. The Trend Following Bible; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118611715.
An edited book
Forest Conservation in Protected Areas of Bangladesh: Policy and Community Development Perspectives; Chowdhury, M.S.H., Ed.; World Forests; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 20; ISBN 9783319081465.
A chapter in an edited book
Castellano, R.; Punzo, G.; Rocca, A. Female Labour Force Participation and Selection Effect: Southern vs Eastern European Countries. In Advances in Statistical Models for Data Analysis; Morlini, I., Minerva, T., Vichi, M., Eds.; Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 35–43 ISBN 9783319173764.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computational Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Every World In A Grain Of Sand: John Nash’s Astonishing Geometry (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Market Developments in the Global Satellite Services Industry and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, C. The Affect of Acculturation on Obesity among Foreign-Born Asians Residing in the United States. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. Superstar Adjusts to a Streaming World. New York Times 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computational Applications
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Appl.
ISSN (online)2297-8747
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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