How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computational Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computational Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. Next-Generation Sequencing: The Genome Jigsaw. Nature 2013, 501, 263–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collen, B.; Nicholson, E. Conservation. Taking the Measure of Change. Science 2014, 346, 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Staal, M.; Meysman, F.J.R.; Stal, L.J. Temperature Excludes N2-Fixing Heterocystous Cyanobacteria in the Tropical Oceans. Nature 2003, 425, 504–507.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kilner, P.J.; Yang, G.Z.; Wilkes, A.J.; Mohiaddin, R.H.; Firmin, D.N.; Yacoub, M.H. Asymmetric Redirection of Flow through the Heart. Nature 2000, 404, 759–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG MAK- Und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2013; ISBN 9783527675135.
An edited book
Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging: A Correlative Diagnostic Companion; Krueger, G.R.F., Buja, L.M., Eds.; Springer: London, 2013; ISBN 9781447128458.
A chapter in an edited book
Perret, A.; Foray, G.; Roiban, L.; Masenelli-Varlot, K.; Maire, E.; Adrien, J.; Yrieix, B. 3D Multiscale Characterization of Silica Aerogels Composites. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science; Bernard, D., Buffière, J.-Y., Pollock, T., Poulsen, H.F., Rollett, A., Uchic, M., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 29–34 ISBN 9783319485959.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computational Applications.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Male Seahorse Gives Birth To Babies Like An Underwater Shotgun (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation Competition: Restricting Airline Ticketing Rules Unlikely to Help Consumers; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clater, M.J. Interposed between God and Man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Fighting In A Breakaway Region. New York Times 2001, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computational Applications
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Appl.
ISSN (online)2297-8747
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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