How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computational Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computational Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreiter, A. Science at the Sharp End of Oppressive Politics. Nature 2014, 506, 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joly, P.-B.; Rip, A. A Timely Harvest. Nature 2007, 450, 174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Percec, V.; Ungar, G.; Peterca, M. Chemistry. Self-Assembly in Action. Science 2006, 313, 55–56.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lima, M.D.; Fang, S.; Lepró, X.; Lewis, C.; Ovalle-Robles, R.; Carretero-González, J.; Castillo-Martínez, E.; Kozlov, M.E.; Oh, J.; Rawat, N.; et al. Biscrolling Nanotube Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns. Science 2011, 331, 51–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, T.F. Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; ISBN 9780470385999.
An edited book
Recent Advances in Memetic Algorithms; Hart, W.E., Smith, J.E., Krasnogor, N., Eds.; Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; Vol. 166; ISBN 9783540229049.
A chapter in an edited book
Kosnik, L. Breakthrough Demand-Capacity Management Strategies to Improve Hospital Flow, Safety, and Satisfaction. In Patient Flow: Reducing Delay in Healthcare Delivery; Hall, R.W., Ed.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; pp. 101–122 ISBN 9780387336350.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computational Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Study Reveals Most Influential Languages Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Traffic Safety Data: State Data System Quality Varies and Limited Resources and Coordination Can Inhibit Further Progress; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zarate Ramirez, F. Pedagogical and Performance Approach to Selected Bel Canto Songs and Arias of Bellini and Donizetti. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Court Puts Teeth in “Notice” Needed to Seize Property. New York Times 2006, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computational Applications
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Appl.
ISSN (online)2297-8747
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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