How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computational Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computational Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, T. Modelling: Build imprecise supercomputers. Nature 2015, 526, 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stagon, S.P.; Huang, H. Airtight metallic sealing at room temperature under small mechanical pressure. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brennan, M.D.; Cheong, R.; Levchenko, A. Systems biology. How information theory handles cell signaling and uncertainty. Science 2012, 338, 334–335.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allen, R.L.; Bittner-Eddy, P.D.; Grenville-Briggs, L.J.; Meitz, J.C.; Rehmany, A.P.; Rose, L.E.; Beynon, J.L. Host-parasite coevolutionary conflict between Arabidopsis and downy mildew. Science 2004, 306, 1957–1960.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morgan, A. Eating the Big Fish; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9781118257944.
An edited book
Guide to Geometric Algebra in Practice; Dorst, L., Lasenby, J., Eds.; Springer: London, 2011; ISBN 9780857298102.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwaiger, M.; Raithel, S.; Schloderer, M. Recognition or rejection – How a company’s reputation influences stakeholder behaviour. In Reputation Capital: Building and Maintaining Trust in the 21st Century; Klewes, J., Wreschniok, R., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 39–55 ISBN 9783642016295.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computational Applications.

Blog post
Fang, J. A Solar Superstorm Nearly Hit The Earth (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA Procurement: Status of Efforts to Improve Oversight; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton, C. Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J.L. A Funky Place to Land in Hollywood. New York Times 2016, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computational Applications
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Appl.
ISSN (online)2297-8747
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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