How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computational Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computational Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferlaino, F. Molecular Physics: Complexity Trapped by Simplicity. Nature 2014, 512, 261–262.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsiao, J.C.; Fong, K. Making Big Money from Small Technology. Nature 2004, 428, 218–220.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris, R.A.; Rogers, J.; Milosavljevic, A. Human-Specific Changes of Genome Structure Detected by Genomic Triangulation. Science 2007, 316, 235–237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Packer, C.; Hilborn, R.; Mosser, A.; Kissui, B.; Borner, M.; Hopcraft, G.; Wilmshurst, J.; Mduma, S.; Sinclair, A.R.E. Ecological Change, Group Territoriality, and Population Dynamics in Serengeti Lions. Science 2005, 307, 390–393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drake, P.P.; Fabozzi, F.J. The Basics of Finance; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118267790.
An edited book
Urinary Tract; Andersson, K.-E., Michel, M.C., Eds.; Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 2011; ISBN 9783642164989.
A chapter in an edited book
Risku, M.; Pulkkinen, S. Finland: Finnish Principal. In A Decade of Research on School Principals: Cases from 24 Countries; Ärlestig, H., Day, C., Johansson, O., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 61–75 ISBN 9783319230269.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computational Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Does Publication Bias Make Antidepressants Seem More Effective At Treating Anxiety Than They Really Are? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Establishment of a Central Focal Point for Telecommunications Matters; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Egan, G.C. Understanding the Reaction Mechanism of Aluminum Nanocomposite Thermites. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S.; Blaise, L. France’s First Lady, a Confidante and Coach, May Reshape an Evolving Role. New York Times 2017, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computational Applications
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Appl.
ISSN (online)2297-8747
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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