How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computational Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computational Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E. On high alert. Nature 2010, 466, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romney, D.K.; Miller, S.J. Chemistry. Climbing Jacob’s ladder. Science 2015, 347, 829.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiteus, C.; Freitas, C.; Grutzendler, J. Perturbed neural activity disrupts cerebral angiogenesis during a postnatal critical period. Nature 2014, 505, 407–411.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Philippot, P.; Van Zuilen, M.; Lepot, K.; Thomazo, C.; Farquhar, J.; Van Kranendonk, M.J. Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate. Science 2007, 317, 1534–1537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yakir, B. Extremes in Random Fields: A Theory and its Applications; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118720608.
An edited book
New Frontiers of Nanoparticles and Nanocomposite Materials: Novel Principles and Techniques; Öchsner, A., Shokuhfar, A., Eds.; Advanced Structured Materials; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 4; ISBN 9783642146961.
A chapter in an edited book
Minet, O.; Dressler, C.; Beuthan, J.; Zabaryło, U.; Zukiene, R.; Midaziene, V. Fluorescence Imaging of Calcium Loading and Mitochondrial Depolarization in Cancer Cells Exposed to Heat Stress. In Reviews in Fluorescence 2008; Geddes, C.D., Ed.; Reviews in Fluorescence; Springer: New York, NY, 2010; pp. 89–118 ISBN 9781441908285.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computational Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Watch SpaceX’s Rocket Explode During Return Experiment Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullion, D.K. The study of interstate and intrastate mobility effects on student achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik, D.E. Pete Flynn, 79; Kept Mets’ 3 Fields Trim. New York Times 2017, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computational Applications
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Appl.
ISSN (online)2297-8747
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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