How to format your references using the Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polaszek, A.: A universal register for animal names. Nature. 437, 477 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Seelig, J.D., Jayaraman, V.: Neural dynamics for landmark orientation and angular path integration. Nature. 521, 186–191 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas, J., Creamer, W., Ruiz, A.: Dating the Late Archaic occupation of the Norte Chico region in Peru. Nature. 432, 1020–1023 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Messenger, S., Keller, L.P., Stadermann, F.J., Walker, R.M., Zinner, E.: Samples of stars beyond the solar system: silicate grains in interplanetary dust. Science. 300, 105–108 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M., Real, P.V.: Fire Design of Steel Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2010)
An edited book
Richardson, I., Runeson, P., Messnarz, R. eds: Software Process Improvement: 13th European Conference, EuroSPI 2006, Joensuu, Finland, October 11-13, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Saidin, N.F.B., Chong, C.K., Choon, Y.W., Chai, L.E., Deris, S., Illias, R.M., Shamsir, M.S., Mohamad, M.S.: Using Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) on Kinetic Modeling of the Acetoin Production in Lactococcus Lactis C7. In: Sidhu, A.S. and Dhillon, S.K. (eds.) Advances in Biomedical Infrastructure 2013: Proceedings of International Symposium on Biomedical Data Infrastructure (BDI 2013). pp. 25–35. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Deadly Viruses Are Wiping Out Spanish Amphibians


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information on EEO Discrimination Complaints. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, A.J.: An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE), (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savage, C., Sullivan, E.: Sessions Widens Official Inquiry On Media Leaks, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics
AbbreviationContin. Mech. Thermodyn.
ISSN (print)0935-1175
ISSN (online)1432-0959
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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