How to format your references using the Continental Shelf Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continental Shelf Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joos, F., 2015. Global warming: Growing feedback from ocean carbon to climate. Nature 522, 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, F., Peter, M., 2002. Cell biology. Formins set the record straight. Science 297, 531–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zachos, J.C., Dickens, G.R., Zeebe, R.E., 2008. An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics. Nature 451, 279–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Feng, Y., Wei, H., Yang, S., Chen, Z., Wang, L., Kong, S., Zhao, G., Liu, X., 2014. Competitive growth mechanisms of AlN on Si (111) by MOVPE. Sci. Rep. 4, 6416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, T.H., 2016. Energy Production Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rodrìguez-Merchán, E.C. (Ed.), 2012. Articular Cartilage Defects of the Knee: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Knopp, T., Buzug, T.M., 2012. Prior to Reconstruction – The System Function, in: Buzug, T.M. (Ed.), Magnetic Particle Imaging: An Introduction to Imaging Principles and Scanner Instrumentation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 97–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continental Shelf Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Not Aliens, But “Megastructure Star” Keeps Getting Stranger [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Federal Communications Commission: Wireless Radio Services--Compatibility with Enhanced 911 Emergency Calling Systems (No. OGC-00-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz, A.E., 2015. Finding a Place for “Cacega Ayuwipi” within the Structure of American Indian Music and Dance Traditions (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.A., 2003. BUSINESS TRAVEL: ON THE GROUND -- Paris; A City of Good Food, Fashion and Corporate Drama. New York Times C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joos, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chang and Peter, 2002; Joos, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Peter, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinental Shelf Research
AbbreviationCont. Shelf Res.
ISSN (print)0278-4343
ScopeAquatic Science

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