How to format your references using the Continental Shelf Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continental Shelf Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ernst, M.O., 2010. Behavior. Decisions made better. Science 329, 1022–1023.
A journal article with 2 authors
Estrin, D., Sim, I., 2010. Health care delivery. Open mHealth architecture: an engine for health care innovation. Science 330, 759–760.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li de la Sierra-Gallay, I., Pellegrini, O., Condon, C., 2005. Structural basis for substrate binding, cleavage and allostery in the tRNA maturase RNase Z. Nature 433, 657–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, Y., Zhang, W., Xing, Y., Li, F., Zhao, Y., Xia, Z., Wang, L., Ma, X., Xue, Q.-K., Wang, J., 2014. High temperature superconducting FeSe films on SrTiO3 substrates. Sci. Rep. 4, 6040.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D.A., 2008. Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dimitrakakis, C., Gkoulalas-Divanis, A., Mitrokotsa, A., Verykios, V.S., Saygin, Y. (Eds.), 2011. Privacy and Security Issues in Data Mining and Machine Learning: International ECML/PKDD Workshop, PSDML 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 24, 2010. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chapple, D.G., Hitchmough, R.A., 2016. Biogeography of New Zealand Lizards, in: Chapple, D.G. (Ed.), New Zealand Lizards. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 109–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continental Shelf Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Discover A Way To Heal A Broken Heart [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Complete Recent Efforts to Develop Policies and Procedures to Guide Requirements Development and Management (No. GAO-06-310). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cai, S., 2008. 3D Numerical Modeling of Dry/Wet Contact Mechanics for Rough, Multilayered Elastic-Plastic Solid Surfaces and Effects of Hydrophilicity/Hydrophobicity During Separation with Applications (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Decision Is Annulled, Exonerating Officials. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ernst, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ernst, 2010; Estrin and Sim, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Estrin and Sim, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinental Shelf Research
AbbreviationCont. Shelf Res.
ISSN (print)0278-4343
ScopeAquatic Science

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