How to format your references using the Continental Shelf Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continental Shelf Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D., 2007. Time to make haste. Nature 447, 1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Timmermann, A., Menviel, L., 2009. Climate change. What drives climate flip-flops? Science 325, 273–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, L., Li, X., Snider, W.D., 2015. Neurodevelopment. “RASopathic” astrocytes constrain neural plasticity. Science 348, 636–637.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rozema, J., van Geel, B., Björn, L.O., Lean, J., Madronich, S., 2002. Paleoclimate. Toward solving the UV puzzle. Science 296, 1621–1622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W., 2016. Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, X., 2016. Nanozymes: Next Wave of Artificial Enzymes, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hahne, J., Helias, M., Kunkel, S., Igarashi, J., Kitayama, I., Wylie, B., Bolten, M., Frommer, A., Diesmann, M., 2016. Including Gap Junctions into Distributed Neuronal Network Simulations, in: Amunts, K., Grandinetti, L., Lippert, T., Petkov, N. (Eds.), Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continental Shelf Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. Watch Vector Space’s Successful Launch Of Their First Small Satellite Rocket [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Congressional Budget Reform: What Are Its Prospects? (No. 094568). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer, J.E., 2010. The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico Unveils Painful Plan for Islanders, and Bond Holders. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2007; Timmermann and Menviel, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Timmermann and Menviel, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rozema et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinental Shelf Research
AbbreviationCont. Shelf Res.
ISSN (print)0278-4343
ScopeAquatic Science

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