How to format your references using the Continental Shelf Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continental Shelf Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubinsztein, D.C., 2015. Cell biology: Receptors for selective recycling. Nature 522, 291–292.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chaine, A.S., Lyon, B.E., 2008. Adaptive plasticity in female mate choice dampens sexual selection on male ornaments in the lark bunting. Science 319, 459–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puckett, J.G., Kelley, D.H., Ouellette, N.T., 2014. Searching for effective forces in laboratory insect swarms. Sci. Rep. 4, 4766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hosseini, T., Flores-Vivian, I., Sobolev, K., Kouklin, N., 2013. Concrete embedded dye-synthesized photovoltaic solar cell. Sci. Rep. 3, 2727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartoszyǹski, R., Niewiadomska-Bugaj, M., 2007. Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Das, P., 2015. Optimal Covariate Designs: Theory and Applications, 1st ed. 2015. ed. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Kleppisch, T., 2009. Phosphodiesterases in the Central Nervous System, in: Schmidt, H.H.H.W., Hofmann, F., Stasch, J.-P. (Eds.), CGMP: Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continental Shelf Research.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Watch As Wasps Diverge To Become Separate Species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. New Denver Airport: Safety, Construction, Capacity, and Financing Considerations (No. RCED-91-240). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, M., 2012. Technological Advancement in Conflict Assessment: A Case Study of the Fund for Peace’s Universal Network of Local Knowledge in Liberia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Liza, Liza, Skies Are Grey. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubinsztein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chaine and Lyon, 2008; Rubinsztein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chaine and Lyon, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hosseini et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinental Shelf Research
AbbreviationCont. Shelf Res.
ISSN (print)0278-4343
ScopeAquatic Science

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