How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, G., 2000. Total internal reflection. Nature 403, 707.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allmann, S., Baldwin, I.T., 2010. Insects betray themselves in nature to predators by rapid isomerization of green leaf volatiles. Science 329, 1075–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cordier, P., Amodeo, J., Carrez, P., 2012. Modelling the rheology of MgO under Earth’s mantle pressure, temperature and strain rates. Nature 481, 177–180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goswami, B.N., Venugopal, V., Sengupta, D., Madhusoodanan, M.S., Xavier, P.K., 2006. Increasing trend of extreme rain events over India in a warming environment. Science 314, 1442–1445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigorenko, Y.N., Chilingar, G.V., Sobolev, V.S., Andiyeva, T.A., Zhukova, L.I., 2012. Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jackson, M.B., Mookherjee, S., Hamlin, N.P. (Eds.), 2015. The Perioperative Medicine Consult Handbook, Second Edition. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gioia, A., 2012. Nuclear Accidents and International Law, in: Guttry, A. de, Gestri, M., Venturini, G. (Eds.), International Disaster Response Law. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Sorry, Climate Change Deniers: Warming Not “Paused” and Modeling Not Flawed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Medicare Transaction System: Success Depends Upon Correcting Critical Managerial and Technical Weaknesses (No. AIMD-97-78). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, A.J., 2017. An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J.R., 2017. Your Car Is Keeping Tabs on You. So Who’s It Tattling To? New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Allmann and Baldwin, 2010; Jones, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allmann and Baldwin, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Goswami et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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