How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Margolis, H.S., 2013. Physics. How big is the proton? Science 339, 405–406.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan, M.I., Mitchell, T.M., 2015. Machine learning: Trends, perspectives, and prospects. Science 349, 255–260.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hill, E.W., Jobling, M.A., Bradley, D.G., 2000. Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature 404, 351–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herkenhoff, K.E., Byrne, S., Russell, P.S., Fishbaugh, K.E., McEwen, A.S., 2007. Meter-scale morphology of the north polar region of Mars. Science 317, 1711–1715.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bejan, A., 2016. Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zereini, F., Hötzl, H. (Eds.), 2008. Climatic Changes and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa, Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shaikh, T., Dasgupta, R., 2013. Urinary Tract Infection in Diabetic Patients, in: Rané, A., Dasgupta, R. (Eds.), Urinary Tract Infection: Clinical Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection. Springer, London, pp. 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Take Step Forward In Quest To Convert Carbon Dioxide To Biofuel [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. FAA’s Implementation of the Expanded East Coast Plan (No. T-RCED-88-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang, H., 2006. Essays on Methodologies in Contingent Valuation and the Sustainable Management of Common Pool Resources (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., Kaplan, T., Shear, M.D., 2017. Trump Bypasses G.O.P. To Strike a Deal on Debt. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Margolis, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jordan and Mitchell, 2015; Margolis, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jordan and Mitchell, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Herkenhoff et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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