How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minsky, M., 2000. Time for an aspirin. Nature 403, 592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demirdöven, N., Deutch, J., 2004. Hybrid cars now, fuel cell cars later. Science 305, 974–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, F.S., Morgan, M., Patrinos, A., 2003. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science 300, 286–290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, D.-L., Wu, J., Shah, B.N., Greutélaers, K.C., Ghosh, M.C., Ollivierre, H., Su, X.-Z., Thuma, P.E., Bedu-Addo, G., Mockenhaupt, F.P., Gordeuk, V.R., Rouault, T.A., 2018. Erythrocytic ferroportin reduces intracellular iron accumulation, hemolysis, and malaria risk. Science 359, 1520–1523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fanchi, J.R., 2006. Math Refresher for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kleinbaum, D.G., 2010. Logistic Regression: A Self-Learning Text, Statistics for Biology and Health. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Borkar, V.S., Ejov, V., Filar, J.A., Nguyen, G.T., 2012. Determinants, in: Ejov, V., Filar, J.A., Nguyen, G.T. (Eds.), Hamiltonian Cycle Problem and Markov Chains, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Victimized Birds Fight Back Against Parasitic Cuckoos [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Transportation Security Administration: Clear Policies and Oversight Needed for Designation of Sensitive Security Information (No. GAO-05-677). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McConnell, K.F., 2008. Inventing pluralistic education: Compulsory schooling as technique of democratic deliberation (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B.K.B., Writer, A., has covered Chicago politics for eight years, 1985. CHICAGO AND ITS MAYOR, TWO YEARS LATER. New York Times 123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Minsky, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Demirdöven and Deutch, 2004; Minsky, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demirdöven and Deutch, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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