How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baird, B.N., 2006. Comment on “Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk.” Science 313, 615; author reply 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bendor, D., Wang, X., 2005. The neuronal representation of pitch in primate auditory cortex. Nature 436, 1161–1165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blum, R., Kafitz, K.W., Konnerth, A., 2002. Neurotrophin-evoked depolarization requires the sodium channel Na(V)1.9. Nature 419, 687–693.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blewett, D.T., Chabot, N.L., Denevi, B.W., Ernst, C.M., Head, J.W., Izenberg, N.R., Murchie, S.L., Solomon, S.C., Nittler, L.R., McCoy, T.J., Xiao, Z., Baker, D.M.H., Fassett, C.I., Braden, S.E., Oberst, J., Scholten, F., Preusker, F., Hurwitz, D.M., 2011. Hollows on Mercury: MESSENGER evidence for geologically recent volatile-related activity. Science 333, 1856–1859.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Renaud, B., Kim, K.-H., Cho, M., 2016. Dynamics of Housing in East Asia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Parrochia, D., 2013. Towards a General Theory of Classifications, Studies in Universal Logic. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruckstein, A.M., Shaked, D., 2009. Crazy Cuts: Dissecting Planar Shapes into Two Identical Parts, in: Hancock, E.R., Martin, R.R., Sabin, M.A. (Eds.), Mathematics of Surfaces XIII: 13th IMA International Conference York, UK, September 7-9, 2009 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Grocery Store Powered By Food Waste [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association (No. HRD-84-51). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, B., 2013. Analysis of hydraulic and financial operations of a recycled water system: A case study of the Orange County water district’s green acres project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Saving the World. Smelling Good, Too. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baird, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baird, 2006; Bendor and Wang, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bendor and Wang, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Blewett et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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