How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wills, M., 2006. Chemistry. Better asymmetric reactions. Science 311, 619–620.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe, R., Noji, H., 2014. Characterization of the temperature-sensitive reaction of F1-ATPase by using single-molecule manipulation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chklovskii, D.B., Mel, B.W., Svoboda, K., 2004. Cortical rewiring and information storage. Nature 431, 782–788.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dutzler, R., Campbell, E.B., Cadene, M., Chait, B.T., MacKinnon, R., 2002. X-ray structure of a ClC chloride channel at 3.0 A reveals the molecular basis of anion selectivity. Nature 415, 287–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rhee, M.Y., 2013. Wireless Mobile Internet Security. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shumaker, R. (Ed.), 2007. Virtual Reality: Second International Conference, ICVR 2007, Held as part of HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Morris, G.P., Mohanakumar, T., 2011. Clinical Evaluation of Alloantibodies in Solid Organ Transplantation, in: Liapis, H., Wang, H.L. (Eds.), Pathology of Solid Organ Transplantation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. 2.7 billion-year old fossilised raindrops [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Contract Award of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to the Institute for Law and Social Research (No. GGD-76-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, J., 2010. Measurement, modeling, and synthesis of time-varying appearance of natural phenomena (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. Trump’s ‘Carnage’ Label Misses Complex Reality of Many Urban Areas. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wills, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Watanabe and Noji, 2014; Wills, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watanabe and Noji, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dutzler et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles