How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D., 2000. Canada plans reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions. Nature 407, 824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson, G.G., Dean, C., 2002. Arabidopsis, the Rosetta stone of flowering time? Science 296, 285–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonderer, L.J., Studart, A.R., Gauckler, L.J., 2008. Bioinspired design and assembly of platelet reinforced polymer films. Science 319, 1069–1073.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wei, H., Xie, K., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Wang, Y., Qin, Y., Cui, J., Yan, J., Wu, Y., 2014. In situ growth of Ni(x)Cu(1-x) alloy nanocatalysts on redox-reversible rutile (Nb,Ti)O₄ towards high-temperature carbon dioxide electrolysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 5156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martindale, W., 2014. Global Food Security and Supply. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jensen, K., Aalst, W.M.P. van der, Billington, J. (Eds.), 2008. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tronco, T.R., Tome, T., Rothenberg, C.E., Ongarelli, M.A., Rego, A.C.B., 2010. Scenarios of Evolution for a Future Internet Architecture, in: Tronco, T. (Ed.), New Network Architectures: The Path to the Future Internet, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Make Huge Step Forward In Understanding How The Brain Processes Emotions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. No Child Left Behind Act: States Face Challenges Measuring Academic Growth (No. GAO-06-948T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper, J., 2014. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Simpson and Dean, 2002; Spurgeon, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson and Dean, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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