How to format your references using the Progress in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, N., 2003. Joint European plan will tackle Africa’s killer diseases. Nature 421, 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ordureau, A., Harper, J.W., 2014. Cell biology: balancing act. Nature 510, 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koechlin, E., Ody, C., Kouneiher, F., 2003. The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex. Science 302, 1181–1185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gartia, M.R., Seo, S., Kim, J., Chang, T.-W., Bahl, G., Lu, M., Liu, G.L., Eden, J.G., 2014. Injection-seeded optoplasmonic amplifier in the visible. Sci. Rep. 4, 6168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, R.A., 2010. Virgil. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Baasten, M.F.J., Munk, R. (Eds.), 2007. Studies in Hebrew Literature and Jewish Culture: Presented to Albert van der Heide on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday, Amsterdam Studies in Jewish Thought. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Matalonga, S., Rodrigues, F., Travassos, G.H., 2015. Matching Context Aware Software Testing Design Techniques to ISO/IEC/IEEE 29119, in: Rout, T., O’Connor, R.V., Dorling, A. (Eds.), Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 15th International Conference, SPICE 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 16-17, 2015. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. A Quarter of North America’s Birds Haven’t Recovered From West Nile Virus [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 1999 (No. OGC-97-36). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shendge, P.N., 2017. Improvement in Estimation of Carrier Frequency Offset in Wireless Networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Becker, J.O., Apuzzo, M., Goldman, A., 2017. Trump Team Met With Lawyer Tied to Kremlin Amid ’16 Race. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDowell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McDowell, 2003; Ordureau and Harper, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ordureau and Harper, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gartia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Neurobiology
AbbreviationProg. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0082
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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