How to format your references using the Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N., 2008. Stem cells: in search of common ground. Nature 451, 855–858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leiserson, C.E., McVinney, C., 2015. Lifelong learning: Science professors need leadership training. Nature 523, 279–281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, M., Hong, N., Hong, Y., 2009. Generation of medaka fish haploid embryonic stem cells. Science 326, 430–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reinhardt, D., Pesce, E.-R., Stieger, P., Mandel, T., Baltensperger, K., Bennett, M., Traas, J., Friml, J., Kuhlemeier, C., 2003. Regulation of phyllotaxis by polar auxin transport. Nature 426, 255–260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn-Deinstrop, E., 2006. Dünnschicht-Chromatographie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Jürgensen, H., Karhumäki, J., Okhotin, A. (Eds.), 2014. Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 16th International Workshop, DCFS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 5-8, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Papamichos, E., Papanicolopulos, S.-A., Larsen, I., 2006. Mechanical Behaviour and Properties, in: Kourkoulis, S.K. (Ed.), Fracture and Failure of Natural Building Stones: Applications in the Restoration of Ancient Monuments. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Australian Government Plans Attempt To Reinstate Great White Shark Culls [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/australian-government-plans-attempt-to-reinstate-great-white-shark-culls/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Federal Research: DOE Is Addressing Invention Disclosure and Other Challenges but Needs a Plan to Guide Data Management Improvements (No. GAO-15-212). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehmeti, A., 2010. Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz, J., 2014. Language Barrier Continues to Thwart Victims of Crimes. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2008; Leiserson and McVinney, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leiserson and McVinney, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Reinhardt et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
AbbreviationEcotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
ISSN (print)0147-6513
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles