How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marín O (2010) Journal club. A developmental neurobiologist looks at how damage induces cell birth in the adult brain. Nature 465:401
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramirez Rozzi FV, Bermudez De Castro JM (2004) Surprisingly rapid growth in Neanderthals. Nature 428:936–939
A journal article with 3 authors
Kawase H, Okata Y, Ito K (2013) Role of huge geometric circular structures in the reproduction of a marine pufferfish. Sci Rep 3:2106
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jiang ZH, Yun S, Lin L, et al (2013) Tailoring dispersion for broadband low-loss optical metamaterials using deep-subwavelength Inclusions. Sci Rep 3:1571

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari ML, Damo UM, Turan A, Sánchez D (2017) Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bernkop-Schnürch A (ed) (2009) Oral Delivery of Macromolecular Drugs: Barriers, Strategies and Future Trends. Springer US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Lone SA, Malik A, Padaria JC (2014) Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis for Prevention of Environmental Deterioration. In: Malik A, Grohmann E, Akhtar R (eds) Environmental Deterioration and Human Health: Natural and anthropogenic determinants. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics Resources.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) From Trash To Treasure. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1969) Deficiencies in the Recording and Reporting of Contractor-Held, Government-Owned Property, Goddard Space Flight Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau PD (2015) Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2016) Williams Sisters Could Be in Step for a Semifinal Showdown. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marín 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ramirez Rozzi and Bermudez De Castro 2004; Marín 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramirez Rozzi and Bermudez De Castro 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics Resources
AbbreviationConserv. Genet. Resour.
ISSN (print)1877-7252
ISSN (online)1877-7260
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles