How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoogland JL (2013) Prairie dogs disperse when all close kin have disappeared. Science 339:1205–1207
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajnóczky G, Hoek JB (2007) Cell signaling. Mitochondrial longevity pathways. Science 315:607–609
A journal article with 3 authors
Schummers J, Yu H, Sur M (2008) Tuned responses of astrocytes and their influence on hemodynamic signals in the visual cortex. Science 320:1638–1643
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Proverbio AM, Calbi M, Manfredi M, Zani A (2014) Audio-visuomotor processing in the musician’s brain: an ERP study on professional violinists and clarinetists. Sci Rep 4:5866

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
First MB, Tasman A (2006) Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Deeg K-H (2015) Doppler Sonography in Infancy and Childhood. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Golden RE, Collins CB, Cunningham SD, et al (2013) Overview of Structural Interventions to Decrease Commercial Sex Risk. In: Collins CB, Cunningham SD, Newman EN, Card JJ (eds) Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention. Springer, New York, NY, pp 203–284

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics Resources.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Tiny Marine Creatures Reveal The Environmental Limits To Diversity. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Real Estate Expenses]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cubarrubia AP (2009) Exploring the influence of external standards of institutional effectiveness on program assessment in student affairs. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Revisit Campaign Finance Issue. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoogland 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hajnóczky and Hoek 2007; Hoogland 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hajnóczky and Hoek 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Proverbio et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics Resources
AbbreviationConserv. Genet. Resour.
ISSN (print)1877-7252
ISSN (online)1877-7260
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles