How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaughlin S (2006) Cell biology. Tools to tamper with phosphoinositides. Science 314:1402–1403
A journal article with 2 authors
Gundersen GG, Bretscher A (2003) Cell biology. Microtubule asymmetry. Science 300:2040–2041
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y, Yi M, Zou X (2014) The linear interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic noises ensures a high accuracy of cell fate selection in budding yeast. Sci Rep 4:5764
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Choi CM, Vilain S, Langen M, et al (2009) Conditional mutagenesis in Drosophila. Science 324:54

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna VK (2005) Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pinto AA (2009) Fine Structures of Hyperbolic Diffeomorphisms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshida R, Takashima K (2009) Simple Algorithms for Computing a Sequence of 2-Isogenies. In: Lee PJ, Cheon JH (eds) Information Security and Cryptology – ICISC 2008: 11th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, December 3-5, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 52–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics Resources.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Scientists Thought The Moon Had Volcanic Activity Recently. They Were Probably Wrong. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology: DHS Needs to Enhance Management of Cost and Schedule for Major Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins K (2014) Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Marriage, That Cozy Battlefield. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaughlin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gundersen and Bretscher 2003; McLaughlin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gundersen and Bretscher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics Resources
AbbreviationConserv. Genet. Resour.
ISSN (print)1877-7252
ISSN (online)1877-7260
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles