How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polaszek A (2005) A universal register for animal names. Nature 437:477
A journal article with 2 authors
Collier P, Alles CM (2010) Materials science. Materials ecology: an industrial perspective. Science 330:919–920
A journal article with 3 authors
Barbot S, Lapusta N, Avouac J-P (2012) Under the hood of the earthquake machine: toward predictive modeling of the seismic cycle. Science 336:707–710
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Burnett K, Julienne PS, Lett PD, et al (2002) Quantum encounters of the cold kind. Nature 416:225–232

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A (2013) Thematic Cartography and Transformations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mehrotra S, Zeng DD, Chen H, et al (eds) (2006) Intelligence and Security Informatics: IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics, ISI 2006, San Diego, CA, USA, May 23-24, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Biesele M (2013) The Nyae Nyae Village Schools Project: Indigenous Community-Based Education in Namibia. In: Johnson DJ, Agbényiga DL, Hitchcock RK (eds) Vulnerable Children: Global Challenges in Education, Health, Well-Being, and Child Rights. Springer, New York, NY, pp 41–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics Resources.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Poo Transplants And Probiotics – Does Anything Work To Improve The Health Of Our Gut? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) USDA Telecommunications: Strong Leadership Needed to Resolve Management Weaknesses, Achieve Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens T (2012) The evolution of transformative communication patterns in 1-to-1 computing classrooms. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Grynbaum MM, Maheshwari S (2017) Fox Pitches Sports to Advertisers, but Specter of Its News Scandal Lingers. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polaszek 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Polaszek 2005; Collier and Alles 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collier and Alles 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Burnett et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics Resources
AbbreviationConserv. Genet. Resour.
ISSN (print)1877-7252
ISSN (online)1877-7260
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles