How to format your references using the Eurasian Geography and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eurasian Geography and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orrit, Michel. 2002. “Single Molecules. Molecular Entanglements.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5592): 369–370.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, K., and E. I. Stiefel. 2001. “Toward Separation and Purification of Olefins Using Dithiolene Complexes: An Electrochemical Approach.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5501): 106–109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Han, Chunyang, Hui Ding, and Fangxing Lv. 2014. “Demonstration of a Refractometric Sensor Based on an Optical Micro-Fiber Three-Beam Interferometer.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7504.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Koshiba, Takumi, Scott A. Detmer, Jens T. Kaiser, Hsiuchen Chen, J. Michael McCaffery, and David C. Chan. 2004. “Structural Basis of Mitochondrial Tethering by Mitofusin Complexes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5685): 858–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer, Anne, and Bruno Legeard. 2016. Model-Based Testing Essentials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, David. 2016. Discriminative Learning in Biometrics. Edited by Yong Xu and Wangmeng Zuo. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelopoulos, Spyros, Giorgio Lucarelli, and Kim Thang Nguyen. 2015. “Primal-Dual and Dual-Fitting Analysis of Online Scheduling Algorithms for Generalized Flow Time Problems.” In Algorithms - ESA 2015: 23rd Annual European Symposium, Patras, Greece, September 14-16, 2015, Proceedings, edited by Nikhil Bansal and Irene Finocchi, 35–46. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eurasian Geography and Economics.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. “Scientists Reprogram Skin Cells To Hunt Down And Shrink Brain Tumors.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust. GAO-11-722. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, Kevin. 2017. “Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, James R. 2017. “A Divine Crucifixion, With Lingerie.” New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orrit 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Orrit 2002; Wang and Stiefel 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Stiefel 2001)
  • Three authors: (Han, Ding, and Lv 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Koshiba et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEurasian Geography and Economics
AbbreviationEurasian Geogr. Econ.
ISSN (print)1538-7216
ISSN (online)1938-2863
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

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