How to format your references using the Eurasian Geography and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eurasian Geography and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, Katharine. 2014. “Orthopaedics: Joint Effort.” Nature 515 (7528): S170-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adler, Stephen L., and Angelo Bassi. 2009. “Physics. Is Quantum Theory Exact?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5938): 275–276.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, Ian, Jack Wisdom, and Maria T. Zuber. 2006. “Evidence for a Past High-Eccentricity Lunar Orbit.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5787): 652–655.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Holt, Liam J., Brian B. Tuch, Judit Villén, Alexander D. Johnson, Steven P. Gygi, and David O. Morgan. 2009. “Global Analysis of Cdk1 Substrate Phosphorylation Sites Provides Insights into Evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5948): 1682–1686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele, Fred A. 2007. Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McGowan, Brian L., Robert T. Palmer, J. Luke Wood, and David F. Hibbler, eds. 2016. Black Men in the Academy: Narratives of Resiliency, Achievement, and Success. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, Ursula M. 2012. “Wilhelm Roepke’s Emphasis on the Local Community.” In Two Centuries of Local Autonomy, edited by Jürgen Georg Backhaus, 29–40. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eurasian Geography and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How Cancer Doctors Use Personalised Medicine To Target Variations Unique To Each Tumour.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. FAA Procurement: Competition for Major Data-Processing Project Was Unjustifiably Limited. IMTEC-90-71. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch, Leslie E. 2013. “Financial Regulation and Economic Performance: A Descriptive Correlation Study of American Financial Institutions.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2017. “The Fight Card Often Features the Race Card.” New York Times, August 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gammon 2014; Adler and Bassi 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adler and Bassi 2009)
  • Three authors: (Garrick-Bethell, Wisdom, and Zuber 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Holt et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEurasian Geography and Economics
AbbreviationEurasian Geogr. Econ.
ISSN (print)1538-7216
ISSN (online)1938-2863
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles