How to format your references using the Eurasian Geography and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eurasian Geography and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaffer, Catherine H. 2006. “The Charge-up Man.” Nature 444 (7119): 652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ullman, Katharine S., and Maureen A. Powers. 2015. “STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Locking down the Core of the Pore.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6256): 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowe, Scott W., Enrique Cepero, and Gerard Evan. 2004. “Intrinsic Tumour Suppression.” Nature 432 (7015): 307–315.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McCulloch, Scott D., Robert J. Kokoska, Chikahide Masutani, Shigenori Iwai, Fumio Hanaoka, and Thomas A. Kunkel. 2004. “Preferential Cis-Syn Thymine Dimer Bypass by DNA Polymerase Eta Occurs with Biased Fidelity.” Nature 428 (6978): 97–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschannen-Moran, Bob, and Megan Tschannen-Moran. 2010. Evocative Coaching. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Reiter, Günter, and Gert R. Strobl, eds. 2007. Progress in Understanding of Polymer Crystallization. Vol. 714. Lecture Notes in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hölscher, Hendrik, Daniel Ebeling, and Udo D. Schwarz. 2007. “Q-Controlled Dynamic Force Microscopy in Air and Liquids.” In Applied Scanning Probe Methods V: Scanning Probe Microscopy Techniques, edited by Bharat Bhushan, Satoshi Kawata, and Harald Fuchs, 75–97. NanoScience and Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eurasian Geography and Economics.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2015. “Green Fireballs Spotted In The Skies Above Poland And Thailand.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Information Technology: Homeland Security Should Better Balance Need for System Integration Strategy with Spending for New and Enhanced Systems. GAO-04-509. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walters, Linda Ann. 2015. “A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Employee Attitudes, Awareness, and Satisfaction with Regard to the University Employee Wellness Program.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2007. “After 117 Years, a Family Business Calls It Quits.” New York Times, February 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shaffer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Shaffer 2006; Ullman and Powers 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ullman and Powers 2015)
  • Three authors: (Lowe, Cepero, and Evan 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (McCulloch et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEurasian Geography and Economics
AbbreviationEurasian Geogr. Econ.
ISSN (print)1538-7216
ISSN (online)1938-2863
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles