How to format your references using the Eurasian Geography and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eurasian Geography and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson, Bob. 2008. “Obituary: Bert Bolin (1925-2008).” Nature 451 (7179): 642.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thiel, P. A., and J. M. Dubois. 2000. “Quasicrystals. Electrons in a Strange Sea.” Nature 406 (6796): 570–571, 573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sansom, Robert S., Sarah E. Gabbott, and Mark A. Purnell. 2010. “Non-Random Decay of Chordate Characters Causes Bias in Fossil Interpretation.” Nature 463 (7282): 797–800.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, Haoyi, Sum Wai Chiang, Wei Lin, Cheng Yang, Zhuo Li, Jingping Liu, Xiaoya Cui, Feiyu Kang, and Ching Ping Wong. 2014. “Towards Practical Application of Paper Based Printed Circuits: Capillarity Effectively Enhances Conductivity of the Thermoplastic Electrically Conductive Adhesives.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6275.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhattacharyya, Arun K. 2005. Phased Array Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pardo, Lorena. 2011. Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials: Processing and Properties. Edited by Jesús Ricote. Vol. 140. Springer Series in Materials Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamada, Shigeru, and Yoshinobu Tamura. 2016. “Stochastic Differential Equation Models for OSS Reliability Analysis.” In OSS Reliability Measurement and Assessment, edited by Yoshinobu Tamura, 27–32. Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eurasian Geography and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Would You Lie Tilted Backwards For 60 Days For Science?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment. AFMD-92-60ML. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, Eboni I. 2009. “Caregiver Wellness: An Inquiry of Health Risks among Frontline Direct Caregivers of the Elderly and Disabled.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Troy, Tevi. 2017. “How Conservatives Can Find Their Way.” New York Times, July 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Watson 2008; Thiel and Dubois 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thiel and Dubois 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sansom, Gabbott, and Purnell 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEurasian Geography and Economics
AbbreviationEurasian Geogr. Econ.
ISSN (print)1538-7216
ISSN (online)1938-2863
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

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