How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parker, D. E. (2004). Climate: large-scale warming is not urban. Nature 432, 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leeb, M., and Wutz, A. (2011). Derivation of haploid embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos. Nature 479, 131–134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, I.-U., Peacey, M. W., and Munafò, M. R. (2014). Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature 506, 93–96.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin, Z., Liu, Y., Halim, U., Ding, M., Liu, Y., Wang, Y., et al. (2018). Solution-processable 2D semiconductors for high-performance large-area electronics. Nature 562, 254–258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Q., Bai, Y., and Ruan, W. (2017). Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morrill, G., Muskens, R., Osswald, R., and Richter, F. eds. (2014). Formal Grammar: 19th International Conference, FG 2014, Tübingen, Germany, August 16-17, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zileli, M. (2014). “Surgery for Kyphosis,” in Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery: Volume 41 Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery., ed. J. Schramm (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 71–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Flatworm Reproduces by Using its Penis to Inject Sperm Into its Head. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Air Safety: FAA’s Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani, S. (2017). Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016). Affordability in a Bucolic Setting. New York Times, RE17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parker, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Leeb and Wutz, 2011; Parker, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leeb and Wutz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles