How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lenski, R. E. (2000). No mercy. Science 290, 936a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Litchinitser, N. M., and Sun, J. (2015). APPLIED OPTICS. Optical meta-atoms: Going nonlinear. Science 350, 1033–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dvorak, M., Oswald, W., and Wu, Z. (2013). Bandgap opening by patterning graphene. Sci. Rep. 3, 2289.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dodge-Kafka, K. L., Soughayer, J., Pare, G. C., Carlisle Michel, J. J., Langeberg, L. K., Kapiloff, M. S., et al. (2005). The protein kinase A anchoring protein mAKAP coordinates two integrated cAMP effector pathways. Nature 437, 574–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2009). Fundraising Law Made Easy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Madsen, S. J. ed. (2013). Optical Methods and Instrumentation in Brain Imaging and Therapy. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramón-Vigo, R., Pérez-Higueras, N., Caballero, F., and Merino, L. (2016). “A Framework for Modelling Local Human-Robot Interactions Based on Unsupervised Learning,” in Social Robotics: 8th International Conference, ICSR 2016, Kansas City, MO, USA, November 1-3, 2016 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Agah, J.-J. Cabibihan, A. M. Howard, M. A. Salichs, and H. He (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 32–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Explained: Why A Reboot Is The Go-To Computer Fix. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies’ Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhantole, G. (2014). Evaluating provision of healthcare system in the U.S.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016). Advice, and a Shop, for the Sleep-Deprived. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lenski, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lenski, 2000; Litchinitser and Sun, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Litchinitser and Sun, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Dodge-Kafka et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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