How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ensign, S. A. (2011). Microbiology. Another microbial pathway for acetate assimilation. Science 331, 294–295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, L. V., and Hu, S. (2012). Photoacoustic tomography: in vivo imaging from organelles to organs. Science 335, 1458–1462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gouldstone, A., Van Vliet, K. J., and Suresh, S. (2001). Nanoindentation. Simulation of defect nucleation in a crystal. Nature 411, 656.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu, W.-K., Liu, X.-F., Yao, X.-R., Wang, C., Zhai, Y., and Zhai, G.-J. (2014). Complementary compressive imaging for the telescopic system. Sci. Rep. 4, 5834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H. S. L. C. (2012). Performance Based Building Design 2. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Krellenberg, K., and Hansjürgens, B. eds. (2014). Climate Adaptation Santiago. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brändas, E. J. (2009). “The Equivalence Principle from a Quantum Mechanical Perspective,” in Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems: Conceptual and Computational Advances in Quantum Chemistry Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics., eds. P. Piecuch, J. Maruani, G. Delgado-Barrio, and S. Wilson (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). In Defence Of Wasps: Why Squashing Them Comes With A Sting In The Tale. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Achieving Greater Economies in Data Processing in Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, E. J. (2016). What experiences create and nurture a love of science?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wallace, N. (2016). The Minivan vs. the Maserati. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ensign, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ensign, 2011; Wang and Hu, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Hu, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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