How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenspan, N. S. (2001). You can’t have it all. Nature 409, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern, S. A., and Weissman, P. R. (2001). Rapid collisional evolution of comets during the formation of the Oort cloud. Nature 409, 589–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carpi, F., Bauer, S., and De Rossi, D. (2010). Materials science. Stretching dielectric elastomer performance. Science 330, 1759–1761.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mahon, M. J., Donowitz, M., Yun, C. C., and Segre, G. V. (2002). Na(+)/H(+ ) exchanger regulatory factor 2 directs parathyroid hormone 1 receptor signalling. Nature 417, 858–861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habart-Corlosquet, M., Janssen, J., and Manca, R. (2013). VaR Methodology for Non-Gaussian Finance. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Job, G. (2016). Physical Chemistry from a Different Angle: Introducing Chemical Equilibrium, Kinetics and Electrochemistry by Numerous Experiments. 1st ed. 2016. , ed. R. Rüffler Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Acker, J. F., Berkels, B., Bredies, K., Diallo, M. S., Droske, M., Garbe, C. S., et al. (2008). “Inverse Problems and Parameter Identification in Image Processing,” in Mathematical Methods in Signal Processing and Digital Image Analysis Understanding Complex Systems., eds. R. Dahlhaus, J. Kurths, P. Maass, and J. Timmer (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 111–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Trans Fats Linked To Greater Risk Of Death And Heart Disease. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Aviation Safety: New Airlines Illustrate Long-Standing Problems in FAA’s Inspection Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sowers, P. A. (2012). “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). In Ditching Netflix, Disney Grabs New Key to Kingdom. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenspan, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Greenspan, 2001; Stern and Weissman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stern and Weissman, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mahon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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