How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gutchess, A. (2014). Plasticity of the aging brain: new directions in cognitive neuroscience. Science 346, 579–582.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buzsáki, G., and Draguhn, A. (2004). Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science 304, 1926–1929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, T., Svoboda, K., and Malinow, R. (2003). Experience strengthening transmission by driving AMPA receptors into synapses. Science 299, 1585–1588.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guccione, E., Bassi, C., Casadio, F., Martinato, F., Cesaroni, M., Schuchlautz, H., et al. (2007). Methylation of histone H3R2 by PRMT6 and H3K4 by an MLL complex are mutually exclusive. Nature 449, 933–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevenson, O. (2008). Neglected Children and Their Families. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Azcue, P. (2014). Stochastic Optimization in Insurance: A Dynamic Programming Approach. , ed. N. Muler New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, C., Zhu, S., Guan, X., and Shen, X. (2014). “Consensus-Based Optimal Target Tracking in Relay Assisted Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Wireless Sensor Networks: Distributed Consensus Estimation SpringerBriefs in Computer Science., eds. S. Zhu, X. Guan, and X. (sherman) Shen (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 41–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Telescope Detects Oldest And Most Distant Known Galaxy. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). The Upcoming Transition: GAO’s Efforts to Assist the 111th Congress and the Next Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, S. E. (2014). Ideal leadership practices in Head Start: Understanding leadership from the perspectives of directors and teachers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scott, M., and Kanter, J. (2016). E.U. Ruling Said to Aim at Tax Policy for Apple. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gutchess, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Buzsáki and Draguhn, 2004; Gutchess, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buzsáki and Draguhn, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Guccione et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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