How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swartz, K. J. (2008). Sensing voltage across lipid membranes. Nature 456, 891–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, J., and Brook, E. J. (2008). Atmospheric CO2 and climate on millennial time scales during the last glacial period. Science 322, 83–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pregibon, D. C., Toner, M., and Doyle, P. S. (2007). Multifunctional encoded particles for high-throughput biomolecule analysis. Science 315, 1393–1396.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nicastro, F., Kaastra, J., Krongold, Y., Borgani, S., Branchini, E., Cen, R., et al. (2018). Observations of the missing baryons in the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Nature 558, 406–409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs, P. G., and Attwood, T. K. (2004). Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Castano, S., Vassiliadis, P., Lakshmanan, L. V., and Lee, M. L. eds. (2012). Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2012 Workshops CMS, ECDM-NoCoDA, MoDIC, MORE-BI, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Young, R. A., Marshall, S. K., Valach, L., Domene, J. F., Graham, M. D., and Zaidman-Zait, A. (2011). “Relationships,” in Transition to Adulthood: Action, Projects, and Counseling, eds. S. K. Marshall, L. Valach, J. F. Domene, M. D. Graham, and A. Zaidman-Zait (New York, NY: Springer), 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Human Head Transplants Could Become A Reality By 2017. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980). Routine Disclosure of Broadcaster Financial Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke, K. (2012). Big Five personality traits and astrology: The relationship between the Moon variable and the NEO PI-R.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J., and Maheshwari, S. (2016). How the Pro-Trump Media Covered Election Day. New York Times, P14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swartz, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ahn and Brook, 2008; Swartz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahn and Brook, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Nicastro et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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