How to format your references using the Clinical Neurophysiology Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Neurophysiology Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goulson, D., 2014. Ecology: Pesticides linked to bird declines. Nature 511, 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Yoreo, J.J., Dove, P.M., 2004. Materials science. Shaping crystals with biomolecules. Science 306, 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guiteras, R., Levinsohn, J., Mobarak, A.M., 2015. Sanitation subsidies. Encouraging sanitation investment in the developing world: a cluster-randomized trial. Science 348, 903–906.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greenbaum, D.C., Baruch, A., Grainger, M., Bozdech, Z., Medzihradszky, K.F., Engel, J., DeRisi, J., Holder, A.A., Bogyo, M., 2002. A role for the protease falcipain 1 in host cell invasion by the human malaria parasite. Science 298, 2002–2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fryirs, K.A., Brierley, G.J., 2012. Geomorphic Analysis of River Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Raggi, E., 2011. Beginning Ubuntu Linux, Sixth Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreuzer, M., Robbiano, L., 2016. Computing Primary and Maximal Components, in: Robbiano, L. (Ed.), Computational Linear and Commutative Algebra. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 185–242.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Neurophysiology Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. What is Dark Lightning? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Higher Education: More Information Could Help Education Determine the Extent to Which Eligible Servicemembers Serving on Active Duty Benefited from Relief Provided by Lenders and Schools (No. GAO-07-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bravo, M., 2015. The development of a viable business plan: Analytics of 30 day readmission rates for hospitals and ancillary services (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2015. Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goulson, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (De Yoreo and Dove, 2004; Goulson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Yoreo and Dove, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Greenbaum et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Neurophysiology Practice
AbbreviationClin. Neurophysiol. Pract.
ISSN (print)2467-981X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)

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