How to format your references using the Clinical Neurophysiology Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Neurophysiology Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Netz, R., 2002. Portraits of science. Proof, amazement, and the unexpected. Science 298, 967–968.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, D.M., Yoon, T.P., 2014. Solar synthesis: prospects in visible light photocatalysis. Science 343, 1239176.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S.A., Pen, I., Griffin, A.S., 2002. Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science 296, 72–75.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knutson, H.A., Charbonneau, D., Allen, L.E., Fortney, J.J., Agol, E., Cowan, N.B., Showman, A.P., Cooper, C.S., Megeath, S.T., 2007. A map of the day-night contrast of the extrasolar planet HD 189733b. Nature 447, 183–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens, U., Erkens, R., Müller, W., 2004. Storage Networks Explained. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hayat, S., Ahmad, A. (Eds.), 2007. Salicylic Acid: A Plant Hormone. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Biswas, P., Langdon, P., 2013. Inclusive User Modeling and Simulation, in: Biswas, P., Duarte, C., Langdon, Patrick, Almeida, L., Jung, C. (Eds.), A Multimodal End-2-End Approach to Accessible Computing, Human–Computer Interaction Series. Springer, London, pp. 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Neurophysiology Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Exploiting Bacteria to Produce “Living Materials” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Automated Medical Records: Leadership Needed to Expedite Standards Development (No. IMTEC-93-17). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Accortt, E.E., 2009. Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J., 2017. University Presses. New York Times BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Netz, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Netz, 2002; Schultz and Yoon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Yoon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Knutson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Neurophysiology Practice
AbbreviationClin. Neurophysiol. Pract.
ISSN (print)2467-981X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)

Other styles