How to format your references using the Conflict and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conflict and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reich JG. Embryonic stem cells. The debate in Germany. Science. 2002;296:265.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hagoort P, Levelt WJM. Neuroscience. The speaking brain. Science. 2009;326:372–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Häusser M, Major G, Stuart GJ. Differential shunting of EPSPs by action potentials. Science. 2001;291:138–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Harper KL, Sosa MS, Entenberg D, Hosseini H, Cheung JF, Nobre R, et al. Corrigendum: Mechanism of early dissemination and metastasis in Her2+ mammary cancer. Nature. 2018;553:366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Goldstein LSB, Schneider M. Stem Cells for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Cockell CS, editor. The Meaning of Liberty Beyond Earth. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Reinders M. The role of social networks: Mark Granovetter. In: Vellema S, editor. Transformation and sustainability in agriculture: Connecting practice with social theory. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2011. p. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conflict and Health.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Electron Mass Measurement Allows Model Testing [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/electron-mass-measurement-allows-model-testing/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Status of Project PISCES. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Feb. Report No.: LCD-77-319.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wizda LL. A case study of online peer coaching of consultant communication skill development [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. A Souped-Up Revival Roars in London. New York Times. 2017 Apr 30;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleConflict and Health
AbbreviationConfl. Health
ISSN (online)1752-1505
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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