How to format your references using the Acta Pharmaceutica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmaceutica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.H. Pearson, Epidemiology: Study of a lifetime, Nature 471 (2011) 20–24.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.F. Rohwer and A. M. Segall, In retrospect: A century of phage lessons, Nature 528 (2015) 46–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.T. Brunet, J. Leng and O. Mondain-Monval, Materials science. Soft acoustic metamaterials, Science 342 (2013) 323–324.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.N. Lee, C. Maurange, L. Ringrose and R. Paro, Suppression of Polycomb group proteins by JNK signalling induces transdetermination in Drosophila imaginal discs, Nature 438 (2005) 234–237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.M. Choudhry, Fixed Income Securities and Derivatives Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.Q. Huo, B. Ma, E.-S. Chng and H. Li (Eds.), Chinese Spoken Language Processing: 5th International Symposium, ISCSLP 2006, Singapore, December 13-16, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 4274). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.T. R. Glare, Use of Pathogens for Eradication of Exotic Lepidopteran Pests in New Zealand, In A. E. Hajek, T. R. Glare, & M. O’Callaghan (Eds.), Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods (pp. 49–69). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmaceutica.

Blog post
1.E. Andrew, Supplements Including Fish Oil And Vitamin D Can Boost Effects Of Antidepressant Medication, IFLScience. IFLScience.; Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.Government Accountability Office, Tax Systems Modernization: Update on Critical Issues Facing IRS (No. T-IMTEC-92-18). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.S. Shakya, Characterization of Interaction of Calmodulin and its Chimeras with Orai1 (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.S. K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Breakaway Church In Talks, New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmaceutica
AbbreviationActa Pharm.
ISSN (print)1330-0075
ISSN (online)1846-9558
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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