How to format your references using the Acta Pharmaceutica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmaceutica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.J. Knight, Drugs firms inflate research costs, watchdog says, Nature 412 (2001) 571.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.K. Henzler-Wildman and D. Kern, Dynamic personalities of proteins, Nature 450 (2007) 964–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.A. Hirata, B. J. Klein and K. S. Murakami, The X-ray crystal structure of RNA polymerase from Archaea, Nature 451 (2008) 851–854.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.D. R. Ifa, N. E. Manicke, A. L. Dill and R. G. Cooks, Latent fingerprint chemical imaging by mass spectrometry, Science 321 (2008) 805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.M. Ben-Daya, U. Kumar and D. N. P. Murthy, Introduction to Maintenance Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1.K. Bergman, Photonic Network-on-Chip Design, (L. P. Carloni, A. Biberman, J. Chan, & G. Hendry, Eds.)Integrated Circuits and Systems (Vol. 68). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.J. Cheng and L. P. Smith, Airway and Aerodigestive Tract, In J. Cheng & J. P. Bent (Eds.), Endoscopic Atlas of Pediatric Otolaryngology (pp. 39–59). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmaceutica.

Blog post
1.S. Luntz, Drug Treats Protein That May Cause Alzheimer’s Disease, IFLScience. IFLScience.; Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.Government Accountability Office, Highway Safety: Fatalities in Light Trucks and Vans (No. PEMD-91-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.M. E. Graber, Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.J. Otis, Student Gains Confidence With Help From an ‘Angel,’ New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmaceutica
AbbreviationActa Pharm.
ISSN (print)1330-0075
ISSN (online)1846-9558
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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