How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Perz SG. Sustainable development: The promise and perils of roads. Nature. 2014;513:178–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Steele EJ, Blanden RV. Lamarck and antibody genes. Science. 2000;288:2318d–9d.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Seidenberg MS, MacDonald MC, Saffran JR. Neuroscience. Does grammar start where statistics stop? Science. 2002;298:553–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tran H, Brunet A, Grenier JM, Datta SR, Fornace AJ Jr, DiStefano PS, et al. DNA repair pathway stimulated by the forkhead transcription factor FOXO3a through the Gadd45 protein. Science. 2002;296:530–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Paul CR. Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Simões A, Diogo MP, Gavroglu K, editors. Sciences in the Universities of Europe, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Academic Landscapes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sinha R, Tandon SK. Indus-Ganga-Brahmaputra Plains: The Alluvial Landscape. In: Kale VS, editor. Landscapes and Landforms of India. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Five Things Discworld Will Teach You About Science [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Cable Television and a Regulatory Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jul. Report No.: CED-76-124.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeHart WP. The leader liminal sphere: A phenomenological inquiry [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Nixon R, Shear MD. Square-Jawed General Has New Mission: Restore Order to West Wing. New York Times. 2017 Jul 29;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Monit. Comput.
ISSN (print)1387-1307
ISSN (online)1573-2614
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Health Informatics

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