How to format your references using the Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berthoud, H.-R. Medicine. Why Does Gastric Bypass Surgery Work? Science 2013, 341, 351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arim, M.; Barbosa, O. Humped Pattern of Diversity: Fact or Artifact? Science 2002, 297, 1763; discussion 1763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wörsdörfer, B.; Woycechowsky, K.J.; Hilvert, D. Directed Evolution of a Protein Container. Science 2011, 331, 589–592.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schumacher, M.A.; Piro, K.M.; Xu, W.; Hansen, S.; Lewis, K.; Brennan, R.G. Molecular Mechanisms of HipA-Mediated Multidrug Tolerance and Its Neutralization by HipB. Science 2009, 323, 396–401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent, O.; Petit, J.-P.; Gurle, D. IP Telephony; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005; ISBN 9780470023617.
An edited book
Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems: Proceedings of ICAIECES 2015; Dash, S.S., Bhaskar, M.A., Panigrahi, B.K., Das, S., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer India: New Delhi, 2016; Vol. 394; ISBN 9788132226543.
A chapter in an edited book
Kantert, J.; Bernard, Y.; Klejnowski, L.; Müller-Schloer, C. Estimation of Reward and Decision Making for Trust-Adaptive Agents in Normative Environments. In Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2014: 27th International Conference, Lübeck, Germany, February 25-28, 2014. Proceedings; Maehle, E., Römer, K., Karl, W., Tovar, E., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 49–59 ISBN 9783319048901.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Taub, B. Medical And Recreational Marijuana Approved In Several US States Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Europe; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D.M. Prison Nursery Programs: Measuring Society’s Perceptions and Support. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Sanford Sigoloff, 80, Expert at Turnarounds. New York Times 2011, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCondensed Matter
AbbreviationCondens. Matter
ISSN (online)2410-3896

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