How to format your references using the Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Irion, R. ASTROPHYSICS: Astronomers Spot Their First Carbon Bomb. Science 2000, 290, 1279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuper, R.; Kröpelin, S. Climate-Controlled Holocene Occupation in the Sahara: Motor of Africa’s Evolution. Science 2006, 313, 803–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wender, P.A.; Kee, J.-M.; Warrington, J.M. Practical Synthesis of Prostratin, DPP, and Their Analogs, Adjuvant Leads against Latent HIV. Science 2008, 320, 649–652.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gompel, N.; Prud’homme, B.; Wittkopp, P.J.; Kassner, V.A.; Carroll, S.B. Chance Caught on the Wing: Cis-Regulatory Evolution and the Origin of Pigment Patterns in Drosophila. Nature 2005, 433, 481–487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balmori, D. Drawing and Reinventing Landscape; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118830574.
An edited book
Legislative XML for the Semantic Web: Principles, Models, Standards for Document Management; Sartor, G., Palmirani, M., Francesconi, E., Biasiotti, M.A., Eds.; Law, Governance and Technology Series; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; Vol. 4; ISBN 9789400718869.
A chapter in an edited book
Jampani, R.; Üngör, A. Construction of Sparse Well-Spaced Point Sets for Quality Tetrahedralizations. In Proceedings of the 16th International Meshing Roundtable; Brewer, M.L., Marcum, D., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 63–80 ISBN 9783540751021.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Natural Selection May Be The Answer To The Cancer Riddle, But Can We Beat Evolution? (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Effectiveness and Administration of the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olanisa, E.L. Mental Health Issues and Use of Health Care Services among Older Immigrant Women in California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. For Mets, Gloom and Doom Instead of Sunshine and Smiles. New York Times 2010, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCondensed Matter
AbbreviationCondens. Matter
ISSN (online)2410-3896

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