How to format your references using the Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roy, K. Evolution. Dynamics of body size evolution. Science 2008, 321, 1451–1452.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinze, S.; Homberg, U. Maplike representation of celestial E-vector orientations in the brain of an insect. Science 2007, 315, 995–997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies, J.P.; Chen, F.W.; Ioannou, Y.A. Transmembrane molecular pump activity of Niemann-Pick C1 protein. Science 2000, 290, 2295–2298.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, D.A.; Huang, Y.-C.; Swigut, T.; Mirick, A.L.; Garcia-Verdugo, J.M.; Wysocka, J.; Ernst, P.; Alvarez-Buylla, A. Chromatin remodelling factor Mll1 is essential for neurogenesis from postnatal neural stem cells. Nature 2009, 458, 529–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hendrick, J. Law and Ethics in Children’s Nursing; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444320428.
An edited book
Barone, C. Food Packaging Hygiene; Bolzoni, L., Caruso, G., Montanari, A., Parisi, S., Steinka, I., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319148267.
A chapter in an edited book
Dovey, J.; Furrow, A. Using the Filesystem. In Beginning Objective-C; Furrow, A., Ed.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2012; pp. 107–157 ISBN 9781430243687.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Andrew, E. There Was A Decline Of Male Diversity When Humans Took To Agriculture (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-supplement to GAO-05-727; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sewell, A. A typology of sampling in hip-hop. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. Instant Fortunes, and Sudden Headaches. New York Times 2007, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCondensed Matter
AbbreviationCondens. Matter
ISSN (online)2410-3896

Other styles