How to format your references using the Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Birge, N.O. Physics. Sensing a small but persistent current. Science 2009, 326, 244–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Western, D.; Behrensmeyer, A.K. Bone assemblages track animal community structure over 40 years in an African savanna ecosystem. Science 2009, 324, 1061–1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, S.; Yuzenkova, Y.; Zenkin, N. Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science 2013, 340, 1577–1580.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muranyi, W.; Haas, J.; Wagner, M.; Krohne, G.; Koszinowski, U.H. Cytomegalovirus recruitment of cellular kinases to dissolve the nuclear lamina. Science 2002, 297, 854–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinstein, S. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9781118387061.
An edited book
Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies: 7th International Joint Conference, BIOSTEC 2014, Angers, France, March 3-6, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Plantier, G., Schultz, T., Fred, A., Gamboa, H., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 511; ISBN 9783319261287.
A chapter in an edited book
Klingbeil, H.; Laier, U.; Lens, D. Advanced Topics. In Theoretical Foundations of Synchrotron and Storage Ring RF Systems; Laier, U., Lens, D., Eds.; Particle Acceleration and Detection; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 225–297 ISBN 9783319071879.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Evans, K. This Interactive Map Shows Where People With HIV Live In The US — And It Points To Some Distressing Trends (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Characteristics and Choices of Internet Users; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papacostaki, M. Under the black sun. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. Embracing Miami’s Past And Future. New York Times 2013, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCondensed Matter
AbbreviationCondens. Matter
ISSN (online)2410-3896

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