How to format your references using the Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clapham, D.E. Structural Biology: Pain-Sensing TRPA1 Channel Resolved. Nature 2015, 520, 439–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domazet-Lošo, T.; Tautz, D. A Phylogenetically Based Transcriptome Age Index Mirrors Ontogenetic Divergence Patterns. Nature 2010, 468, 815–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jefferis, G.S.X.E.; Komiyama, T.; Luo, L. Neuroscience. Calcium and CREST for Healthy Dendrites. Science 2004, 303, 179–181.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spinner, M.; Kovalev, A.; Gorb, S.N.; Westhoff, G. Snake Velvet Black: Hierarchical Micro- and Nanostructure Enhances Dark Colouration in Bitis Rhinoceros. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Neil, P.V. Beginning Partial Differential Equations; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; ISBN 9781118032350.
An edited book
Gill, J. A Girl’s Education: Schooling and the Formation of Gender, Identities and Future Visions; Esson, K., Yuen, R., Eds.; Palgrave Studies in Gender and Education; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; ISBN 9781137524867.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayashi, T.; Raz, E. Immunostimulatory (CpG) DNA-Based Therapies for the Treatment of Allergic Disease. In Allergy Frontiers: Future Perspectives; Pawankar, R., Holgate, S.T., Rosenwasser, L.J., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2010; pp. 65–77 ISBN 9784431993643.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Researchers Use Genetic Switch To Reverse Leukemia In Mice (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Tax System Modernization: Attention to Critical Issues Can Bring Success; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tajer, S.A. Topics in MIMO Networks. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G. DC Comics Unveils New Power Couple. New York Times 2012, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCondensed Matter
AbbreviationCondens. Matter
ISSN (online)2410-3896

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