How to format your references using the Mobilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mobilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling, Ralph F. 2008. “Atmospheric Science. Recording Earth’s Vital Signs.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5871): 1771–1772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajnóczky, György, and Jan B. Hoek. 2007. “Cell Signaling. Mitochondrial Longevity Pathways.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5812): 607–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Danielewicz, Paweł, Roy Lacey, and William G. Lynch. 2002. “Determination of the Equation of State of Dense Matter.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5598): 1592–1596.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rocha, Daniele F. O., Felipe C. Wouters, Glauco Machado, and Anita J. Marsaioli. 2013. “First Biosynthetic Pathway of 1-Hepten-3-One in Iporangaia Pustulosa (Opiliones).” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeMaris, Alfred. 2004. Regression with Social Data: Modeling Continuous and Limited Response Variables. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Issar, Arie S. 2007. Climate Change —: Environment and History of the Near East. Edited by Mattanyah Zohar. 2nd Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abu-Zurayk, Mohammad, and Joël Brezillon. 2014. “Aero-Elastic Multipoint Optimization Using the Coupled Adjoint Approach.” In New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX: Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012, edited by Andreas Dillmann, Gerd Heller, Ewald Krämer, Hans-Peter Kreplin, Wolfgang Nitsche, and Ulrich Rist, 45–52. Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mobilities.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “Astronomers Released 3D Map Of The Milky Way’s Dust.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. FAA Purchase Cards: Weak Controls Resulted in Instances of Improper and Wasteful Purchases and Missing Assets. GAO-03-405. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, Tamara Colleen. 2015. “The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2015. “Puerto Rico to Restructure Up to $5.7 Billion in Debt.” New York Times, September 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling 2008; Hajnóczky and Hoek 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hajnóczky and Hoek 2007)
  • Three authors: (Danielewicz, Lacey, and Lynch 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rocha et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMobilities
ISSN (print)1745-0101
ISSN (online)1745-011X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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