How to format your references using the Mobilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mobilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hennecke, Ulrich. 2013. “Chemistry. Revealing the Positive Side of Fluorine.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6128): 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, Yue, and Zhaolei Zhang. 2014. “Potential MicroRNA-Mediated Oncogenic Intercellular Communication Revealed by Pan-Cancer Analysis.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7097.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalab, Petr, Karsten Weis, and Rebecca Heald. 2002. “Visualization of a Ran-GTP Gradient in Interphase and Mitotic Xenopus Egg Extracts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5564): 2452–2456.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lyuksyutova, Anna I., Chin-Chun Lu, Nancy Milanesio, Leslie A. King, Nini Guo, Yanshu Wang, Jeremy Nathans, Marc Tessier-Lavigne, and Yimin Zou. 2003. “Anterior-Posterior Guidance of Commissural Axons by Wnt-Frizzled Signaling.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5652): 1984–1988.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murti, Yvgs, and C. Vijayan. 2014. Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schulzrinne, Henning, Radu State, and Saverio Niccolini, eds. 2008. Principles, Systems and Applications of IP Telecommunications. Services and Security for Next Generation Networks: Second International Conference, IPTComm 2008, Heidelberg, Germany, July 1-2, 2008. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 5310. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dizon, Eusebio Z. 2016. “Underwater Archaeology of the San Diego a 1600 Spanish Galleon in the Philippines.” In Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Maritime Archaeological Perspective, edited by Chunming Wu, 91–102. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mobilities.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Steadfast Seabirds Are Fleeing Their Ancestral Homes in Mexico and Heading to California.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Land Management Systems: Information on BLM’s Automated Land and Mineral Record System Release 2 Project. AIMD-97-109R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole, Kimberley W. 2010. “Principal Investigator and Department Administrator Perceptions of Services Provided by Offices of Research Administration at Research Universities.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. “Carmen de Lavallade Skips Trump Reception.” New York Times, August 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hennecke 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hennecke 2013; Li and Zhang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Zhang 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kalab, Weis, and Heald 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lyuksyutova et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMobilities
ISSN (print)1745-0101
ISSN (online)1745-011X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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