How to format your references using the Biological Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich, O. (2000). Tycho and the ton of gold. Nature, 403(6767), 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demirdöven, N., & Deutch, J. (2004). Hybrid cars now, fuel cell cars later. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 974–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klöckner, H.-R., Baan, W. A., & Garrett, M. A. (2003). Investigation of the obscuring circumnuclear torus in the active galaxy Mrk231. Nature, 421(6925), 821–823.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuhlemann, J., Rohling, E. J., Krumrei, I., Kubik, P., Ivy-Ochs, S., & Kucera, M. (2008). Regional synthesis of Mediterranean atmospheric circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894), 1338–1340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moloney, M. G. (2015). How to Solve Organic Reaction Mechanisms. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rane, A., Cadeddu, J. A., Desai, M. M., & Gill, I. S. (Eds.). (2013). Scar-Less Surgery: NOTES, Transumbilical, and Others. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards, A. C., Walker, R. L., Maskell, P., Watson, C. A., Rees, R. M., Stockdale, E. A., & Knox, O. G. G. (2010). Improving Bioavailability of Phosphate Rock for Organic Farming. In E. Lichtfouse (Ed.), Genetic Engineering, Biofertilisation, Soil Quality and Organic Farming (pp. 99–117). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, February 15). A New Sporting Competition – Which Balls Are Most Affected By The Magnus Effect? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Rail Grant Oversight: Greater Adherence to Leading Practices Needed to Improve Grants Management (GAO-16-544). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morris, L. (2010). Evolving the leadership model of the American theatre to forge a fiscally and artistically secure future [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, April 29). Hillary Clinton Rejects Delay in Health Plan. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingerich, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Demirdöven & Deutch, 2004; Gingerich, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demirdöven & Deutch, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Klöckner et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kuhlemann et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Psychology
AbbreviationBiol. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0301-0511
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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