How to format your references using the Biological Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, P. C. (2011). Planetary science. Cold-trapping Mars’ atmosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6031), 797–798.
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai, M. M., & Walczak, A. M. (2015). Microbiology. Flexible gene pools. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6238), 977–978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Capraro, V., Jordan, J. J., & Rand, D. G. (2014). Heuristics guide the implementation of social preferences in one-shot Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments. Scientific Reports, 4, 6790.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hofmann, D. C., Suh, J.-Y., Wiest, A., Duan, G., Lind, M.-L., Demetriou, M. D., & Johnson, W. L. (2008). Designing metallic glass matrix composites with high toughness and tensile ductility. Nature, 451(7182), 1085–1089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avdeef, A. (2012). Absorption and Drug Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hehenberger, P., & Bradley, D. (Eds.). (2016). Mechatronic Futures: Challenges and Solutions for Mechatronic Systems and their Designers. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bishop, W., & Grubesic, T. H. (2016). Policy. In T. H. Grubesic (Ed.), Geographic Information: Organization, Access, and Use (pp. 53–77). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 27). 30 Scientific Ways Your Childhood Affects Your Success As An Adult. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Buffalo, New York (T-RCED-99-286). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buzinski, P. (2009). Exploring job satisfaction of long-term virtual employees [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, March 21). To Soccer Fan, Train Whistle Hits Perfect Pitch. New York Times, SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Desai & Walczak, 2015; Thomas, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Desai & Walczak, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Capraro et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hofmann et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Psychology
AbbreviationBiol. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0301-0511
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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