How to format your references using the Computing and Visualization in Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computing and Visualization in Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ejeta, G.: African Green Revolution needn’t be a mirage. Science. 327, 831–832 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Morriswood, B., Warren, G.: Cell biology. Stalemate in the Golgi battle. Science. 341, 1465–1466 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
van Doorn, G.S., Edelaar, P., Weissing, F.J.: On the origin of species by natural and sexual selection. Science. 326, 1704–1707 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Gramm, F., Baerlocher, C., McCusker, L.B., Warrender, S.J., Wright, P.A., Han, B., Hong, S.B., Liu, Z., Ohsuna, T., Terasaki, O.: Complex zeolite structure solved by combining powder diffraction and electron microscopy. Nature. 444, 79–81 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rodgers, N.: Learning to Reason. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2000)
An edited book
1.
Esposito, F., Raś, Z.W., Malerba, D., Semeraro, G. eds: Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 16th International Symposium, ISMIS 2006, Bari, Italy, September 27-29, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Berg, K., Conejero, J.M., Hernández, J.: Analysis of Crosscutting in Early Software Development Phases Based on Traceability. In: Rashid, A. and Aksit, M. (eds.) Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development III. pp. 73–104. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computing and Visualization in Science.

Blog post
1.
Davis, J.: Shifting Wildlife Ranges Due To Climate Change Will Impact Health, People, And Culture, https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/shifting-wildlife-ranges-due-to-climate-change-will-impact-health-people-and-culture/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: FAA Staffing: Recruitment, Hiring, and Initial Training of Safety-Related Personnel. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gaete, D.O.: Investigation of intuitive eating after intervention measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly, D.A.: 36 Hours | Concord, Mass, (2002)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputing and Visualization in Science
AbbreviationComput. Vis. Sci.
ISSN (print)1432-9360
ISSN (online)1433-0369
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Software
General Engineering
Modelling and Simulation
Theoretical Computer Science

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