How to format your references using the Computing and Visualization in Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computing and Visualization in Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, C.R.: Astronomy. Calibrating asteroid impact. Science. 342, 1051–1052 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tamamis, P., Floudas, C.A.: Elucidating a key anti-HIV-1 and cancer-associated axis: the structure of CCL5 (Rantes) in complex with CCR5. Sci. Rep. 4, 5447 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, J., Balabin, I.A., Beratan, D.N.: The nature of aqueous tunneling pathways between electron-transfer proteins. Science. 310, 1311–1313 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kang, T.-W., Yevsa, T., Woller, N., Hoenicke, L., Wuestefeld, T., Dauch, D., Hohmeyer, A., Gereke, M., Rudalska, R., Potapova, A., Iken, M., Vucur, M., Weiss, S., Heikenwalder, M., Khan, S., Gil, J., Bruder, D., Manns, M., Schirmacher, P., Tacke, F., Ott, M., Luedde, T., Longerich, T., Kubicka, S., Zender, L.: Senescence surveillance of pre-malignant hepatocytes limits liver cancer development. Nature. 479, 547–551 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad, S.R., Cartwright, M.: Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Zerr, B., Jaulin, L., Creuze, V., Debese, N., Quidu, I., Clement, B., Billon-Coat, A. eds: Quantitative Monitoring of the Underwater Environment: Results of the International Marine Science and Technology Event MOQESM´14 in Brest, France. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Chu, H., Wang, J.-J., Spearman, P.: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 Gag and Host Vesicular Trafficking Pathways. In: Spearman, P. and Freed, E.O. (eds.) HIV Interactions with Host Cell Proteins. pp. 67–84. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computing and Visualization in Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: The LHC Is Starting To Produce Charmed Twins More Than Singles,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mande, M.: Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task,” (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hamblin, J.: Sick of Success, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputing and Visualization in Science
AbbreviationComput. Vis. Sci.
ISSN (print)1432-9360
ISSN (online)1433-0369
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
General Engineering
Modelling and Simulation
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles