How to format your references using the Computers and Fluids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Fluids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sieradzki K. Materials science. Potential solutions for creating responsive materials. Science 2011;332:1158–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Raviv U, Klein J. Fluidity of bound hydration layers. Science 2002;297:1540–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Barber VA, Juday GP, Finney BP. Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress. Nature 2000;405:668–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Giron D, Dunn DW, Hardy ICW, Strand MR. Aggression by polyembryonic wasp soldiers correlates with kinship but not resource competition. Nature 2004;430:676–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Obayya S. Computational Photonics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Greiner W. Quantum Electrodynamics. Fourth Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
van Bunge W. Dutch Cartesian Empiricism and the Advent of Newtonianism. In: Dobre M, Nyden T, editors. Cartesian Empiricisms, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 89–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Fluids.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Pluto’s Halo Craters Revealed In New Images. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Examination Into Certain Contract Costs for the E-2C Aircraft Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yahyai S. Optimization of a method for testing ballast water for enterococci and an investigation on the occurrence of antibiotic resistance in vibrio cholerae. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hollander S. Fordham’s Big 3 Make Trip North Worthwhile. New York Times 2002:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Fluids
AbbreviationComput. Fluids
ISSN (print)0045-7930
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering

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