How to format your references using the International Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlosshauer M. Lifting the fog from the north. Nature. 2008 May 1;453(7191):39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dupuy TJ, Kraus AL. Distances, luminosities, and temperatures of the coldest known substellar objects. Science. 2013 Sep 27;341(6153):1492–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee TH, Bhunia S, Mehregany M. Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide. Science. 2010 Sep 10;329(5997):1316–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alison MR, Poulsom R, Jeffery R, Dhillon AP, Quaglia A, Jacob J, et al. Hepatocytes from non-hepatic adult stem cells. Nature. 2000 Jul 20;406(6793):257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory J. Central Counterparties. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Subrahmanyam K. Digital Youth: The Role of Media in Development. Smahel D, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XV, 236 p. 28 illus. (Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development).
A chapter in an edited book
Gillibert P, Wehrung F. Congruence-Permutable, Congruence-Preserving Extensions of Lattices. In: Wehrung F, editor. From Objects to Diagrams for Ranges of Functors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 117–29. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. These TripAdvisor Reviews Of Scientific And Natural Wonders Are Unbelievably Weird. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Staffing: Better Strategy Needed to Ensure Facilities Are Properly Staffed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-92-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schellenberg DL. Divorced women, poverty, and the Social Security Act: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neroulias N, Saslow L. School Districts Gird For Bad-News Budgets. New York Times. 2009 Mar 22;WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-1907
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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