How to format your references using the International Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gelfand M. What is to be done about Russian science? Nature. 2013 Aug 22;500(7463):379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perepichka DF, Rosei F. Chemistry. Extending polymer conjugation into the second dimension. Science. 2009 Jan 9;323(5911):216–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bilham R, Gaur VK, Molnar P. Earthquakes. Himalayan seismic hazard. Science. 2001 Aug 24;293(5534):1442–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Urakawa I, Yamazaki Y, Shimada T, Iijima K, Hasegawa H, Okawa K, et al. Klotho converts canonical FGF receptor into a specific receptor for FGF23. Nature. 2006 Dec 7;444(7120):770–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacClancy J. Anthropology in the Public Arena. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Chee F. Closed-Loop Control of Blood Glucose. Fernando T, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XII, 157 p. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences; vol. 368).
A chapter in an edited book
Gambarelli S, Mulliez E, Fontecave M. Iron–Sulfur Clusters in “Radical SAM” Enzymes: Spectroscopy and Coordination. In: Hanson G, Berliner L, editors. Metals in Biology: Applications of High-Resolution EPR to Metalloenzymes. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 53–82. (Biological Magnetic Resonance).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Virgin Galactic Flies Again Two Years After Devastating Crash [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Issues Regarding Federal Assistance for Enhancing Air Service to Small Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Mar. Report No.: GAO-03-540T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol E. Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Tae Kwon Do Issue Gets Britain’s Attention. New York Times. 2012 Jun 8;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-1907
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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