How to format your references using the International Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles J. Relaxed restrictions blamed for rise in foot and mouth. Nature. 2001 Sep 13;413(6852):98.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowland JM, Emlen DJ. Two thresholds, three male forms result in facultative male trimorphism in beetles. Science. 2009 Feb 6;323(5915):773–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayor M, Lovis C, Santos NC. Doppler spectroscopy as a path to the detection of Earth-like planets. Nature. 2014 Sep 18;513(7518):328–35.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gratten J, Wilson AJ, McRae AF, Beraldi D, Visscher PM, Pemberton JM, et al. A localized negative genetic correlation constrains microevolution of coat color in wild sheep. Science. 2008 Jan 18;319(5861):318–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert CL. Clinical Trials Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Greenberger D, Hentschel K, Weinert F, editors. Compendium of Quantum Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. XVI, 901 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Yao K, Chen C-C. Optimum Spreading Sequences for Asynchronous CDMA System Based on Nonlinear Dynamical and Ergodic Theories. In: Larson LE, Tsimring LS, Liu J-M, editors. Digital Communications Using Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. p. 133–61. (Institute for Nonlinear Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Evans K. Burning Less Coal Means Less Mercury In Your Sushi [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-285.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett AL. An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; Those Chicken Georges And What They Mean. New York Times. 1992 Sep 30;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-1907
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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