How to format your references using the International Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jarvis MJ. Atmospheric science. Bridging the atmospheric divide. Science. 2001 Sep 21;293(5538):2218–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
King M-C, Motulsky AG. Human genetics. Mapping human history. Science. 2002 Dec 20;298(5602):2342–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stassun KG, Mathieu RD, Valenti JA. Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature. 2006 Mar 16;440(7082):311–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lu Y, Yao J, Yu J, Wei Q, Cao X. The association between abnormal microRNA-10b expression and cancer risk: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 16;4:7498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stevenson O. Neglected Children and Their Families. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Martelletti P, Steiner TJ, editors. Handbook of Headache: Practical Management. Milano: Springer; 2011. XXVI, 760p. 26 illus.. eReference.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Christaller T. Artificial Intelligence Is Engineering Intelligence – Why Should We Care About Natural Intelligence? In: Hertzberg J, Beetz M, Englert R, editors. KI 2007: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 30th Annual German Conference on AI, KI 2007, Osnabrück, Germany, September 10-13, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 43–43. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Microbial Life Discovered Inside Deep-Sea Rocks. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: RCED-96-65R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Blankenship K. An Analysis of Illinois Public School Funding a Descriptive Comparison of Equity: 2005 v. 2015 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wines M. Voter Fraud Panel Leads to Friction. New York Times. 2017 Jul 10;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-1907
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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