How to format your references using the International Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colombo P. Materials science. In praise of pores. Science. 2008 Oct 17;322(5900):381–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knapp S, Mallet J. Ecology. Refuting refugia? Science. 2003 Apr 4;300(5616):71–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu Q, Saltsburg H, Flytzani-Stephanopoulos M. Active nonmetallic Au and Pt species on ceria-based water-gas shift catalysts. Science. 2003 Aug 15;301(5635):935–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu X, Tan Q, Wang J, Zhao X, Tan L. A gigantic bird-like dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of China. Nature. 2007 Jun 14;447(7146):844–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair R. Organic Production and Food Quality. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Lee R, editor. Applied Computing & Information Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIII, 194 p. 111 illus., 41 illus. in color. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 619).
A chapter in an edited book
Castillo E, Fernández-Canteli A. Log-Weibull ε-N Model. In: Fernández-Canteli A, editor. A Unified Statistical Methodology for Modeling Fatigue Damage. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 113–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Ice of Ceres Tell Us About Its Changing Tilt. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Authority To Waive Claims by District of Columbia Against Employee or Former Employee. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Mar. Report No.: B-192020.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaudet CJ. A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. The Elephant in a Ballroom at the Globes. New York Times. 2017 Jan 9;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-1907
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles