How to format your references using the Computer Science - Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Science - Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Guston DH (2008) Innovation policy: not just a jumbo shrimp. Nature 454:940–941
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Harper NS, McAlpine D (2004) Optimal neural population coding of an auditory spatial cue. Nature 430:682–686
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wilson HR, Blake R, Lee SH (2001) Dynamics of travelling waves in visual perception. Nature 412:907–910
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Blackmer T, Larsen EC, Takahashi M, et al (2001) G protein betagamma subunit-mediated presynaptic inhibition: regulation of exocytotic fusion downstream of Ca2+ entry. Science 292:293–297

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Monks RAG, Reed Lajoux A, LeBaron D (2010) Corporate Valuation for Portfolio Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Jin C, Cusatis G (2016) New Frontiers in Oil and Gas Exploration. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Correa E (2016) “Out of Order!” Exposure, Experience, E-Learning, and Evaluation: An Interdisciplinary Studies Approach @ Service Learning. In: Lansiquot RD (ed) Technology, Theory, and Practice in Interdisciplinary STEM Programs: Connecting STEM and Non-STEM Approaches. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 83–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Science - Research and Development.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) It’s Time To Speak Up About Noise Pollution In The Oceans. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/its-time-to-speak-up-about-noise-pollution-in-the-oceans/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Julian A (2017) Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Eligon J (2016) Two of the Best Get a Reward: Each Other. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Science - Research and Development
AbbreviationComput. Sci. (Berl)
ISSN (print)1865-2034
ISSN (online)1865-2042
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles