How to format your references using the Computer Science - Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Science - Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hauser M (2005) Our chimpanzee mind. Nature 437:60–63
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Boehr DD, Wright PE (2008) Biochemistry. How do proteins interact? Science 320:1429–1430
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Martin AC, Kaschube M, Wieschaus EF (2009) Pulsed contractions of an actin-myosin network drive apical constriction. Nature 457:495–499
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chatterjee M, Osborne J, Bestetti G, et al (2002) Viral IL-6-induced cell proliferation and immune evasion of interferon activity. Science 298:1432–1435

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jarman KH (2015) Beyond Basic Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Taniar D, Gervasi O, Murgante B, et al (2010) Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2010: International Conference, Fukuoka, Japan, March 23-26, 2010, Proceedings, Part IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Escribano A, Pascual R (2008) Asymmetries in bid and ask responses to innovations in the trading process. In: Bauwens L, Pohlmeier W, Veredas D (eds) High Frequency Financial Econometrics: Recent Developments. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 49–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Science - Research and Development.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Cutting Emissions Through Biofuels Will Lead To Water Shortages – Study. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/cutting-emissions-through-biofuels-will-lead-water-shortages-study/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2010) America COMPETES Act: It Is Too Early to Evaluate Programs Long-Term Effectiveness, but Agencies Could Improve Reporting of High-Risk, High-Reward Research Priorities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fregoso J (2015) Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) No More Tea With Caligula. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Science - Research and Development
AbbreviationComput. Sci. (Berl)
ISSN (print)1865-2034
ISSN (online)1865-2042
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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