How to format your references using the Computer Science - Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Science - Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fukami T (2013) IBI* series winner. Integrating inquiry-based teaching with faculty research. Science 339:1536–1537
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Marande W, Burger G (2007) Mitochondrial DNA as a genomic jigsaw puzzle. Science 318:415
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Taylor PD, Day T, Wild G (2007) Evolution of cooperation in a finite homogeneous graph. Nature 447:469–472
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Taubner T, Korobkin D, Urzhumov Y, et al (2006) Near-field microscopy through a SiC superlens. Science 313:1595

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhang S-L (2012) Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Czarnowski I, Caballero AM, Howlett RJ, Jain LC (2016) Intelligent Decision Technologies 2016: Proceedings of the 8th KES International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies (KES-IDT 2016) – Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sutanto T, Nayak R (2014) The Ranking Based Constrained Document Clustering Method and Its Application to Social Event Detection. In: Bhowmick SS, Dyreson CE, Jensen CS, et al (eds) Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, Bali, Indonesia, April 21-24, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Science - Research and Development.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Genome Sequencing Mountain Gorillas Reveals The Genetic Impact Of Inbreeding. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/genome-sequencing-mountain-gorillas-reveals-genetic-impact-inbreeding/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Telecommunications: Projects and Policies Related to Deploying Broadband in Unserved and Underserved Areas. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Packard JA (2008) Analyzing the intersection of leadership practices, emotional intelligence, and coping responses in women -owned small businesses. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M (2013) A Series of Poses for Fitness, Inside and Out. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Science - Research and Development
AbbreviationComput. Sci. (Berl)
ISSN (print)1865-2034
ISSN (online)1865-2042
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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