How to format your references using the Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A. 2011. Archaeology. Preserving history, one hill at a time. Science. 334:1623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nemoto S, Finkel T. 2002. Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathway. Science. 295:2450–2452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniguchi H, Lu J, Huang ZJ. 2013. The spatial and temporal origin of chandelier cells in mouse neocortex. Science. 339:70–74.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ren D, Labandeira CC, Santiago-Blay JA, Rasnitsyn A, Shih C, Bashkuev A, Logan MAV, Hotton CL, Dilcher D. 2009. A probable pollination mode before angiosperms: Eurasian, long-proboscid scorpionflies. Science. 326:840–847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz W. 2016. Species Conservation in Managed Habitats. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Swamy PP, Guru DS, editors. 2013. Multimedia Processing, Communication and Computing Applications: Proceedings of the First International Conference, ICMCCA, 13-15 December 2012. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Chamlagain D, Gautam D. 2015. Seismic Hazard in the Himalayan Intermontane Basins: An Example from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. In: Nibanupudi HK, Shaw R, editors. Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction. Tokyo: Springer Japan; p. 73–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Trick Or Treat? The Psychology Of Fright And Halloween Horrors. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/trick-or-treat-psychology-fright-and-halloween-horrors/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. School Lunch Program: Efforts Needed to Improve Nutrition and Encourage Healthy Eating. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ott WH. 2017. An Analysis of the Coordinated Implementation of Digitally-Aided Close Air Support: An Integrated Systems Engineering and Test & Evaluation Approach [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2009. In Assessing Agassi, The Title Tells It All. New York Times.:SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler 2011; Lawler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nemoto & Finkel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ren et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Methods Biomech. Biomed. Engin.
ISSN (print)1025-5842
ISSN (online)1476-8259
ScopeBioengineering
Computer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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