How to format your references using the Computer-Aided Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer-Aided Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rhodes G. The career I dreamed of? Science 2014;345:1414.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tholl D, Gershenzon J. BIOCHEMISTRY. The flowering of a new scent pathway in rose. Science 2015;349:28–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Umemoto K, Wentzcovitch RM, Allen PB. Dissociation of MgSiO3 in the cores of gas giants and terrestrial exoplanets. Science 2006;311:983–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Paxinos EE, James HF, Olson SL, Ballou JD, Leonard JA, Fleischer RC. Prehistoric decline of genetic diversity in the nene. Science 2002;296:1827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Adamowicz Z, Zbierski P. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
[1]
Battaglia E. Annegamento Soccorso tecnico e sanitario. Milano: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cleophas TJ, Zwinderman AH. Optimal Binning. In: Zwinderman AH, editor. Machine Learning in Medicine: Part Three, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer-Aided Design.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Vampire Spiders Hunt Blood-Filled, Malaria-Spreading Mosquitoes. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/vampire-spiders-hunt-blood-filled-malaria-spreading-mosquitoes/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: More Assessment and Transparency Could Enhance Benefits of New Oversight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Browning A. An electronic on-board recorder for intermodal drayage operations. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Treaty Doesn’t Give Foreign Defendants Special Status in U.S. Courts, Justices Rule. New York Times 2006:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer-Aided Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Des.
ISSN (print)0010-4485
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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