How to format your references using the Computer-Aided Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer-Aided Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gilmore G. Astronomy. The short spectacular life of a superstar. Science 2004;304:1915–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chitwood DH, Timmermans MCP. Small RNAs are on the move. Nature 2010;467:415–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Maruyama M, Lam KP, Rajewsky K. Memory B-cell persistence is independent of persisting immunizing antigen. Nature 2000;407:636–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kapitein LC, Peterman EJG, Kwok BH, Kim JH, Kapoor TM, Schmidt CF. The bipolar mitotic kinesin Eg5 moves on both microtubules that it crosslinks. Nature 2005;435:114–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gerardi MH. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2003.
An edited book
[1]
Mackness B, Mackness M, Aviram M, Paragh G, editors. The Paraoxonases: Their Role in Disease Development and Xenobiotic Metabolism. vol. 6. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
He Y, Xu X, Zhang F, Li D, Midson S, Zhu Q. Influence of Process Parameters on Blistering during T6 Heat Treatment of Semi-Solid Castings. In: Tiryakioğlu M, Campbell J, Byczynski G, editors. Shape Casting: 5th International Symposium 2014, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer-Aided Design.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Ant-Nest Beetles Reveal Evolution In Action. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Motor Vehicle Safety: Key Issues Confronting the National Advanced Driving Simulator. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cox ET. Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Putin Cancels Visit. New York Times 2003:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer-Aided Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Des.
ISSN (print)0010-4485
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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