How to format your references using the Computational Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2014) Wanted: Fraud-buster with political antennae. Nature 507:275
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomassen MJ, Kavuru MS (2014) Lung disease: Treatment by cell transplant. Nature 514:438–440
A journal article with 3 authors
Donato F, Rompani SB, Caroni P (2013) Parvalbumin-expressing basket-cell network plasticity induced by experience regulates adult learning. Nature 504:272–276
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang Y, Pan Q, Chai G, et al (2013) Synthesis and luminescence mechanism of multicolor-emitting g-C3N4 nanopowders by low temperature thermal condensation of melamine. Sci Rep 3:1943

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misstear B, Banks D, Clark L (2006) Water Wells and Boreholes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Evert K-J, Ballard (deceased) EB, Elsworth DJ, et al (eds) (2010) Encyclopedic Dictionary of Landscape and Urban Planning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Owen JP, Hawley DM (2014) Host-Parasite Interactions. In: Malagoli D, Ottaviani E (eds) Eco-immunology: Evolutive Aspects and Future Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How To Build The World’s Fastest Car. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) [Comments on Proposed FAR Changes]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg RI (2009) Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burton S (2016) Woman Vs. Machine. New York Times MM32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2014; Thomassen and Kavuru 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomassen and Kavuru 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics
AbbreviationComput. Stat.
ISSN (print)0943-4062
ISSN (online)1613-9658
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles