How to format your references using the Computational Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000) PALEONTOLOGY: Biggest Extinction Hit Land and Sea. Science 289:1666b–7b
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaw RJ, Cantley LC (2012) Cell biology. Ancient sensor for ancient drug. Science 336:813–814
A journal article with 3 authors
Rutberg RL, Hemming SR, Goldstein SL (2000) Reduced North Atlantic Deep Water flux to the glacial Southern Ocean inferred from neodymium isotope ratios. Nature 405:935–938
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Makishima S, Komoriya K, Yamaguchi S, Aizawa SI (2001) Length of the flagellar hook and the capacity of the type III export apparatus. Science 291:2411–2413

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dvorak R, Lhotka C (2013) Celestial Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Domaratzki M, Okhotin A, Salomaa K, Yu S (eds) (2005) Implementation and Application of Automata: 9th International Conference, CIAA 2004, Kingston, Canada, July 22-24, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Raz AE, Schicktanz S (2016) Contextualizing the Cultural and Medico-Legal Debate on Adult Genetic Testing. In: Schicktanz S (ed) Comparative Empirical Bioethics: Dilemmas of Genetic Testing and Euthanasia in Israel and Germany. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) The Brain’s Gender May Be More Flexible Than Previously Thought. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Information Systems: Agencies Overlook Security Controls During Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker BR (2012) Schizophrenia-spectrum behavior and peer responses to individuals with social anhedonia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain JR (2017) A Turning Point For Plug-In Hybrids. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000; Shaw and Cantley 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shaw and Cantley 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Makishima et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics
AbbreviationComput. Stat.
ISSN (print)0943-4062
ISSN (online)1613-9658
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles