How to format your references using the Computational Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Speirs V (2012) Perspective: Not just for women. Nature 485:S66
A journal article with 2 authors
Molino JF, Sabatier D (2001) Tree diversity in tropical rain forests: a validation of the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. Science 294:1702–1704
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiessling W, Simpson C, Foote M (2010) Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. Science 327:196–198
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Papa FR, Zhang C, Shokat K, Walter P (2003) Bypassing a kinase activity with an ATP-competitive drug. Science 302:1533–1537

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berg MC (2000) The Fourier-Analytic Proof of Quadratic Reciprocity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Séguy I (2013) Handbook of Palaeodemography. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Mondal PP, Diaspro A (2014) Quantum Description of Radiation Field and Optical Microscopy. In: Diaspro A (ed) Fundamentals of Fluorescence Microscopy: Exploring Life with Light. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 71–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) Penguins Make Full Circumpolar Migration To Keep Population United. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Telecommunications: Overview of the Cramming Problem. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort PS (2013) A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1994) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 1310

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Speirs 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Molino and Sabatier 2001; Speirs 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Molino and Sabatier 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Papa et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics
AbbreviationComput. Stat.
ISSN (print)0943-4062
ISSN (online)1613-9658
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles