How to format your references using the Computational Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rouault TA (2004) Microbiology. Pathogenic bacteria prefer heme. Science 305:1577–1578
A journal article with 2 authors
Finke DL, Denno RF (2004) Predator diversity dampens trophic cascades. Nature 429:407–410
A journal article with 3 authors
Bejan A, Ziaei S, Lorente S (2014) Evolution: why all plumes and jets evolve to round cross sections. Sci Rep 4:4730
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhai RG, Zhang F, Hiesinger PR, et al (2008) NAD synthase NMNAT acts as a chaperone to protect against neurodegeneration. Nature 452:887–891

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy T (2012) Electromagnetism. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bauer L, Körtvélyessy L, Štekauer P (eds) (2015) Semantics of Complex Words. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Tsai M-L (2015) Conflicting Images of Young Taiwanese Children. In: Hsu S, Wu Y-Y (eds) Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture. Springer, Singapore, pp 87–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Bowling Balls Teach Principles of Physics With Pendulum Wave. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) International Aviation: DOT Needs More Information to Address U.S. Airlines’ Problems in Doing Business Abroad. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clément V (2017) From Adaptation to Transformation: A Resilience Perspective on Organizational Responses to Ecological Adversity. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2012) Russia: Blogger Meets With Cleric. New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rouault 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Finke and Denno 2004; Rouault 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finke and Denno 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhai et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics
AbbreviationComput. Stat.
ISSN (print)0943-4062
ISSN (online)1613-9658
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles