How to format your references using the Computational Social Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Social Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Coughlin SR. Thrombin signalling and protease-activated receptors. Nature. 2000;407:258–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wirth T, Bernatchez L. Genetic evidence against panmixia in the European eel. Nature. 2001;409:1037–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Smith FG, Davies R, Lyne A. Bernard Lovell (1913-2012). Nature. 2012;488:592.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Han X, Wang C-T, Bai J, Chapman ER, Jackson MB. Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis. Science. 2004;304:289–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Berthold HJ, Binnewies M. Chemisches Grundpraktikum. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Kordy B, Ekstedt M, Kim DS, editors. Graphical Models for Security: Third International Workshop, GraMSec 2016, Lisbon, Portugal, June 27, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Anwar D, Ransom S, Weiner RS. Communication in Palliative Care. In: Vadivelu N, Kaye AD, Berger JM, editors. Essentials of Palliative Care. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Social Networks.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Recently-Discovered Wasp Species Named For Harry Potter Creature [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/recently-discovered-wasp-species-named-harry-potter-creature/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Slot-Controlled Airports: FAA’s Rules Could Be Improved to Enhance Competition and Use of Available Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-902.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Altassan MA. Employee Training to Increase Efficiency in the Saudi Private Sector [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Qiu L. Phone Surveillance, Falsehoods and Anonymous Sources. New York Times. 2017 Mar 6;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Social Networks
AbbreviationComput. Soc. Netw.
ISSN (online)2197-4314
Scope

Other styles