How to format your references using the Computational Social Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Social Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Byrne N. Future outlook. Nature. 2004;429:25.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Boos WR, Kuang Z. Dominant control of the South Asian monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating. Nature. 2010;463:218–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Luo J, Shen L, Zheng D. Association between vitamin C intake and lung cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6161.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Spoor F, Bajpai S, Hussain ST, Kumar K, Thewissen JGM. Vestibular evidence for the evolution of aquatic behaviour in early cetaceans. Nature. 2002;417:163–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Héno R, Chandelier L. 3D Modeling of Buildings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Handl J, Hart E, Lewis PR, López-Ibáñez M, Ochoa G, Paechter B, editors. Parallel Problem Solving from Nature – PPSN XIV: 14th International Conference, Edinburgh, UK, September 17-21, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Messina G, Biressi S, Cossu G. Non Muscle Stem Cells and Muscle Regeneration. In: Partridge T, editor. Skeletal Muscle Repair and Regeneration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Social Networks.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why You Should Never Use Hand Sanitizer [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-you-should-stop-using-hand-sanitizer-immediately/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Additional OMB and Agency Actions Needed to Ensure Portfolio Savings Are Realized and Effectively Tracked. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Apr. Report No.: GAO-15-296.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kelly JC. The fluid evolution of the Mount Mica and Irish Pit pegmatites, Maine: Evidence from stable isotopes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Creswell J, de la MERCED MJ. Activist Investor Seeks Seat at Procter & Gamble. New York Times. 2017 Jul 17;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Social Networks
AbbreviationComput. Soc. Netw.
ISSN (online)2197-4314
Scope

Other styles