How to format your references using the Computational Social Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Social Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rosenlof KH. Atmospheric science. How water enters the stratosphere. Science. 2003;302:1691–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zarin DA, Tse T. Medicine. Moving toward transparency of clinical trials. Science. 2008;319:1340–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grassly NC, Fraser C, Garnett GP. Host immunity and synchronized epidemics of syphilis across the United States. Nature. 2005;433:417–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Overpeck JT, Otto-Bliesner BL, Miller GH, Muhs DR, Alley RB, Kiehl JT. Paleoclimatic evidence for future ice-sheet instability and rapid sea-level rise. Science. 2006;311:1747–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hirsch F, Kemp J, Ilkka J. Mobile Web Services. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Saint-Jeannet J-P, editor. Neural Crest Induction and Differentiation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aldhalaan A, Menascé DA. Analytic Performance Modeling and Optimization of Live VM Migration. In: Balsamo MS, Knottenbelt WJ, Marin A, editors. Computer Performance Engineering: 10th European Workshop, EPEW 2013, Venice, Italy, September 16-17, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 28–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Social Networks.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Russian Man Will Become Subject Of First Human Head Transplant Ever Performed. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Information on Amtrak’s Operating Expenses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: RCED-92-177FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kay VL. A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Review: ‘Mifune: The Last Samurai’ Celebrates a Fearless Actor. New York Times. 2016 Nov 24;C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Social Networks
AbbreviationComput. Soc. Netw.
ISSN (online)2197-4314
Scope

Other styles