How to format your references using the Computational Social Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Social Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cumming BG. An unexpected specialization for horizontal disparity in primate primary visual cortex. Nature. 2002;418:633–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Olson P, Hanahan D. Cancer. Breaching the cancer fortress. Science. 2009;324:1400–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jiang Y, Kirmizialtin S, Sanchez IC. Dynamic void distribution in myoglobin and five mutants. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4011.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rokas A, Williams BL, King N, Carroll SB. Genome-scale approaches to resolving incongruence in molecular phylogenies. Nature. 2003;425:798–804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. MacIsaac B, Langton R. Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Martínez-León MI, Martínez-Valverde A, Ceres-Ruiz L, editors. Imaging for Pediatricians: 100 Key Cases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yanovsky V, Rumble SM, Brudno M. Read Mapping Algorithms for Single Molecule Sequencing Data. In: Crandall KA, Lagergren J, editors. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 8th International Workshop, WABI 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 15-19, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Social Networks.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Polar bear cub at Toronto Zoo has first experience with snow. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Domestic Aviation: Effects of Changes in How Airline Tickets Are Sold. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: RCED-99-221.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kramer JA. Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. End of the World, in Jersey. New York Times. 2017 Mar 1;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Social Networks
AbbreviationComput. Soc. Netw.
ISSN (online)2197-4314
Scope

Other styles