How to format your references using the European Journal of Family Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Family Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Houllier, F. (2012). Biotechnology: Bring more rigour to GM research. Nature, 491(7424), 327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tran, A. P., & Silver, J. (2015). Neuroscience. Systemically treating spinal cord injury. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6232), 285–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalasani, R., Gupta, A., & Vasudevan, S. (2013). Engineering new layered solids from exfoliated inorganics: a periodically alternating hydrotalcite-montmorillonite layered hybrid. Scientific Reports, 3, 3498.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jung, Y. K., Lee, T., Shin, E., & Kim, B.-S. (2013). Highly tunable aptasensing microarrays with graphene oxide multilayers. Scientific Reports, 3, 3367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nógrádi, M. (2007). Stereoselective Synthesis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Khey, D. N. (2014). Emerging Trends in Drug Use and Distribution (J. Stogner & B. L. Miller, Eds.; Vol. 12). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Acha, E. M., Piola, A., Iribarne, O., & Mianzan, H. (2015). Management and Conservation of Marine Life. In A. Piola, O. Iribarne, & H. Mianzan (Eds.), Ecological Processes at Marine Fronts: Oases in the ocean (pp. 33–39). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Family Business.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 25). Alien-Looking Spiky, Leggy Worm Gets a Head for the First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). From School to Work (No. 147979). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zepeda, S. (2012). Housing First assertive community treatment program for adults with schizophrenia and co-occurring substance abuse: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M., & Rosenberg, E. (2016, September 1). ­Recreation and Commerce Collide on City’s Crowded Waterways. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Houllier, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Houllier, 2012; Tran & Silver, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tran & Silver, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Chalasani et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jung et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Family Business
AbbreviationEur. J. Fam. Bus.
ISSN (print)2444-877X

Other styles