How to format your references using the European Journal of Family Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Family Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S. (2015). Prognosis: Proportionate response. Nature, 528(7582), S124-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conrad, C. P., & Lithgow-Bertelloni, C. (2002). How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 207–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salter, M. G., Franklin, K. A., & Whitelam, G. C. (2003). Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants. Nature, 426(6967), 680–683.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Colombelli, R., Srinivasan, K., Troccoli, M., Painter, O., Gmachl, C. F., Tennant, D. M., Sergent, A. M., Sivco, D. L., Cho, A. Y., & Capasso, F. (2003). Quantum cascade surface-emitting photonic crystal laser. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1374–1377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartfuß, H.-J., & Geist, T. (2013). Fusion Plasma Diagnostics with mm-Waves. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Jürgensen, H., Karhumäki, J., & Okhotin, A. (Eds.). (2014). Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 16th International Workshop, DCFS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 5-8, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8614). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fišer, O., Szűcsová, H., Grimmer, V., Popelka, J., Vonásek, V., Krajník, T., & Chudoba, J. (2010). A Mobile Robot for Small Object Handling. In A. Gottscheber, D. Obdržálek, & C. Schmidt (Eds.), Research and Education in Robotics - EUROBOT 2009: International Conference, La Ferté-Bernard, France, May 21-23, 2009, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 47–60). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Family Business.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 18). For A Predator-Free Life, Avoid The Tropics. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (Vietnamese Version) (GAO-06-187). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dominguez, Y. C. (2014). Recruitment, training, and support for foster parents of children birth to 4 years: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise, S. (2017, August 19). Trump’s Tumultuous Week? To Supporters, It Went Well. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad & Lithgow-Bertelloni, 2002; DeWeerdt, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conrad & Lithgow-Bertelloni, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Salter et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Colombelli et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Family Business
AbbreviationEur. J. Fam. Bus.
ISSN (print)2444-877X

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