How to format your references using the European Journal of Family Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Family Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kassen, R. (2011). If you want to win the game, you must join in. Nature, 480(7376), 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., & Bradford, M. (2006). 2006 Visualization Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, C. C., Hu, Y., & Ribbe, M. W. (2010). Vanadium nitrogenase reduces CO. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5992), 642.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bester, A. C., Kafri, M., Maoz, K., & Kerem, B. (2013). Infection with retroviral vectors leads to perturbed DNA replication increasing vector integrations into fragile sites. Scientific Reports, 3, 2189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon, B., & Uddameri, V. (2015). GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Langevin, A., & Riopel, D. (Eds.). (2005). Logistics Systems: Design and Optimization. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Savva, A. (2013). Khôra, Topos and Praxis. In J. Baldacchino & R. Vella (Eds.), Mediterranean Art and Education: Navigating Local, Regional and Global Imaginaries Through the Lens of the Arts And Learning (pp. 59–79). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Family Business.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 5). Simple Blood Test Could Tell You When You’re Going To Die. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Federal Communications Commission: Assessment and Collection of Regulatory Fees for Fiscal Year 2000 (OGC-00-50). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhantole, G. (2014). Evaluating provision of healthcare system in the U.S [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, K. (2015, December 13). From Iraq to Oregon, a Global Lotto Jackpot. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kassen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kassen, 2011; Nesbit & Bradford, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit & Bradford, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Lee et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bester et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Family Business
AbbreviationEur. J. Fam. Bus.
ISSN (print)2444-877X

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