How to format your references using the European Journal of Family Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Family Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heitman, J. (2005). Cell biology. A fungal Achilles’ heel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2175–2176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Philip, N., & Waters, A. P. (2013). Microbiology. Unveiling the malaria parasite’s cloak of invisibility? Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6135), 936–937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoskinson, E., Packard, R. E., & Haard, T. M. (2005). Oscillatory motion: quantum whistling in superfluid helium-4. Nature, 433(7024), 376.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, Z., Tang, Z., Shen, S., Zhao, B., Zheng, G., & Yang, J. (2014). Strengthening of graphene aerogels with tunable density and high adsorption capacity towards Pb2+. Scientific Reports, 4, 5025.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S., Hameed, M. F. O., & Areed, N. F. F. (2016). Computational Liquid Crystal Photonics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marano, P., Rokas, I., & Kochenburger, P. (Eds.). (2016). The “Dematerialized” Insurance: Distance Selling and Cyber Risks from an International Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cambria, E., Mazzocco, T., Hussain, A., & Durrani, T. (2011). Switching Between Different Ways to Think. In A. Esposito, A. Vinciarelli, K. Vicsi, C. Pelachaud, & A. Nijholt (Eds.), Analysis of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication and Enactment. The Processing Issues: COST 2102 International Conference, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-10, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 56–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Family Business.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 17). What The Hell Is This Bizarre Thing? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Issues Related to FAA’s Modernization of the Air Traffic Control System (No. T-RCED-90-32). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gustus, C. H. (2017). E-Mentoring an Educator in a State School for the Deaf: An Action Research Study (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009, March 1). From Educators, Caution on Parent Fund-Raisers and Foundations. New York Times, p. LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heitman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Heitman, 2005; Philip & Waters, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Philip & Waters, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hoskinson, Packard, & Haard, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Family Business
AbbreviationEur. J. Fam. Bus.
ISSN (print)2444-877X

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