How to format your references using the Epigenomes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epigenomes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boehm, C. Ancestral Hierarchy and Conflict. Science 2012, 336, 844–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferraro, P.J.; Kiss, A. Ecology. Direct Payments to Conserve Biodiversity. Science 2002, 298, 1718–1719.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsushita, T.; Mochizuki, N.; Nagatani, A. Dimers of the N-Terminal Domain of Phytochrome B Are Functional in the Nucleus. Nature 2003, 424, 571–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Castro, R.F.; Jackson, K.A.; Goodell, M.A.; Robertson, C.S.; Liu, H.; Shine, H.D. Failure of Bone Marrow Cells to Transdifferentiate into Neural Cells in Vivo. Science 2002, 297, 1299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, G.; Vovk, V. Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game!; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471249696.
An edited book
Stem Cells in Animal Species: From Pre-Clinic to Biodiversity; Brevini, T.A.L., Ed.; Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319035710.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, H.T. On Random Sets and Belief Functions. In Classic Works of the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Belief Functions; Yager, R.R., Liu, L., Eds.; Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 105–116 ISBN 9783540253815.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epigenomes.

Blog post
Davis, J. Monkey Muggers Steal Tourists’ Belongings, Holding Them For Ransom In Exchange For Food Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mackay, E.A. Title I Funding Allocation of Reserve Funds after Increased Standards for Academic Proficiency under the Federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. In Rejection of Steinbrenner, the Hall Adopts His Brashness. New York Times 2016, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpigenomes
ISSN (online)2075-4655

Other styles