How to format your references using the Epigenomes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epigenomes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. Introduction: A Smouldering Public-Health Crisis. Nature 2011, 474, S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roderick, M.L.; Farquhar, G.D. The Cause of Decreased Pan Evaporation over the Past 50 Years. Science 2002, 298, 1410–1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aggarwal, P.K.; Basu, A.R.; Kulkarni, K.M. Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (I). Science 2003, 300, 584; author reply 584.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pope, K.O.; Pohl, M.E.; Jones, J.G.; Lentz, D.L.; von Nagy, C.; Vega, F.J.; Quitmyer, I.R. Origin and Environmental Setting of Ancient Agriculture in the Lowlands of Mesoamerica. Science 2001, 292, 1370–1373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ronen, T. The Positive Power of Imagery; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9780470979976.
An edited book
Lost Sex: The Evolutionary Biology of Parthenogenesis; Schön, I., Martens, K., Dijk, P., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009; ISBN 9789048127696.
A chapter in an edited book
Zauner, K.-P. From Prescriptive Programming of Solid-State Devices to Orchestrated Self-Organisation of Informed Matter. In Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers; Banâtre, J.-P., Fradet, P., Giavitto, J.-L., Michel, O., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; pp. 47–55 ISBN 9783540278849.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epigenomes.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Elon Musk Reveals His “Master Plan” To Rule The Electric World (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA’s Standard Parts Program--Are the Objectives Being Accomplished?; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1981;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carey, S.A. Assessing the Presence of Antibiotic-Resistant Enterococcus in Reclaimed Water Used for Spray Irrigation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. Nassau County Buys Farm Development Rights. New York Times 2007, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpigenomes
ISSN (online)2075-4655

Other styles