How to format your references using the Epigenomes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epigenomes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Cultivating black gold. Nature 2005, 433, 779.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shindo, A.; Wallingford, J.B. PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement. Science 2014, 343, 649–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atwood, J.L.; Barbour, L.J.; Jerga, A. Storage of methane and freon by interstitial van der Waals confinement. Science 2002, 296, 2367–2369.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sakuda, A.; Takeuchi, T.; Okamura, K.; Kobayashi, H.; Sakaebe, H.; Tatsumi, K.; Ogumi, Z. Rock-salt-type lithium metal sulphides as novel positive-electrode materials. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dijksterhuis, G.B. Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science; Food & Nutrition Press, Inc.: Trumbull, Connecticut, USA, 2008; ISBN 9780470385050.
An edited book
Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide; Asche, C., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319220642.
A chapter in an edited book
Bleiweiss, A.; Werman, M. Fusing Time-of-Flight Depth and Color for Real-Time Segmentation and Tracking. In Dynamic 3D Imaging: DAGM 2009 Workshop, Dyn3D 2009, Jena, Germany, September 9, 2009. Proceedings; Kolb, A., Koch, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 58–69 ISBN 9783642037771.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epigenomes.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Cancer Patient’s Leg Attached To His Arm To Keep It Alive During Surgery (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation: Comparison of Airline “Customer Service Commitment” With Contracts of Carriage and Federal Law; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes, J.M. A support group for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. A Month With Mom In Eire; A Month With Mom in Ireland. New York Times 1975, Travel And ResortsXX1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpigenomes
ISSN (online)2075-4655

Other styles