How to format your references using the American Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith O. Development. Nota bene: a SAC of crumbs and stardust. Science. 2001 Dec 21;294(5551):2498.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Morandi B, Carreira EM. Iron-catalyzed cyclopropanation in 6 M KOH with in situ generation of diazomethane. Science. 2012 Mar 23;335(6075):1471–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Afraz S-R, Kiani R, Esteky H. Microstimulation of inferotemporal cortex influences face categorization. Nature. 2006 Aug 10;442(7103):692–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Todesco M, Balasubramanian S, Hu TT, Traw MB, Horton M, Epple P, et al. Natural allelic variation underlying a major fitness trade-off in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature. 2010 Jun 3;465(7298):632–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bayor RH. Fiorello La Guardia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Chabot J. Mass Media and the Genocide of the Armenians: One Hundred Years of Uncertain Representation. Godin R, Kappler S, Kasparian S, editors. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. XVII, 241 p. (Palgrave Studies in the History of Genocide).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dimick JB, Shih T, Ryan AM. Health Policy Research in Surgery. In: Dimick JB, Greenberg CC, editors. Success in Academic Surgery: Health Services Research. London: Springer; 2014. p. 37–45. (Success in Academic Surgery).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. The Most Important Dam You Probably Haven’t Heard Of [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-most-important-dam-you-probably-havent-heard-of/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: IRS Needs to Assess Design Alternatives for Its Electronic Filing System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 May. Report No.: IMTEC-89-33.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Katz RL. Graduate nursing students’ perceptions regarding caring for patients with HIV [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cooper M. Pearl Theater to Close. New York Times. 2017 Jun 7;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Heart Journal
AbbreviationAm. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0002-8703
ISSN (online)1097-6744
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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