How to format your references using the American Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bloch I. Quantum gases. Science. 2008 Feb 29;319(5867):1202–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vanag VK, Epstein IR. Inwardly rotating spiral waves in a reaction-diffusion system. Science. 2001 Oct 26;294(5543):835–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Elias LAB, Wang DD, Kriegstein AR. Gap junction adhesion is necessary for radial migration in the neocortex. Nature. 2007 Aug 23;448(7156):901–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang K, Guo J, Ge Z, Zhang J. Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) regulate phenotypes of chondrocytes through Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 25;4:5836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Yukihara EG, McKeever SWS. Optically Stimulated Luminescence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Franco AA, Doublet ML, Bessler WG, editors. Physical Multiscale Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Electrochemical Devices for Energy Conversion and Storage: From Theory to Engineering to Practice. London: Springer; 2016. VII, 249 p. (Green Energy and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Endrullis J, Grabmayer C, Hendriks D, Klop JW, de Vrijer R. Proving Infinitary Normalization. In: Berardi S, Damiani F, de’Liguoro U, editors. Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2008 Torino, Italy, March 26-29, 2008 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 64–82. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. NASA Unveils Its Plan To Send Humans To Mars Permanently. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-93-137.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wang T. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York City’s Sconces. New York Times. 2016 Nov 18;RE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Heart Journal
AbbreviationAm. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0002-8703
ISSN (online)1097-6744
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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