How to format your references using the American Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker DN. Keeping editors in line. Science. 2000 Jul 28;289(5479):550b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde M, Lea DW. The mid-Pleistocene transition in the tropical Pacific. Science. 2005 Nov 11;310(5750):1009–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frederickson ME, Greene MJ, Gordon DM. Ecology: “Devil’s gardens” bedevilled by ants. Nature. 2005 Sep 22;437(7058):495–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang T, Dong J, Lu L, Zhou L, Zheng A, Zhang X, et al. All-optical differential equation solver with constant-coefficient tunable based on a single microring resonator. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 4;4:5581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish RP, Greene SA. Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Apolloni B, Marinaro M, Tagliaferri R, editors. Biological and Artificial Intelligence Environments: 15th Italian Workshop on Neural Nets, WIRN VIETRI 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. X, 406p.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhbanova EV, Zubov LM. The Influence of Distributed Dislocations on Large Deformations of an Elastic Sphere. In: Naumenko K, Aßmus M, editors. Advanced Methods of Continuum Mechanics for Materials and Structures. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 61–76. (Advanced Structured Materials).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Walking on Water: Easier Than It Sounds [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Nov. Report No.: GAO-06-198R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock C. Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Soaring on Paper Wings. New York Times. 2014 Oct 5;WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Heart Journal
AbbreviationAm. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0002-8703
ISSN (online)1097-6744
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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