How to format your references using the American Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray LB. Single-cell biology. Cells go solo. Introduction. Science. 2013 Dec 6;342(6163):1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde M, Rohling EJ. Collapse of Classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science. 2012 Feb 24;335(6071):956–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akbarzadeh A, Qiu C-W, Danner AJ. Exploiting design freedom in biaxial dielectrics to enable spatially overlapping optical instruments. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2055.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Getz G, Höfling H, Mesirov JP, Golub TR, Meyerson M, Tibshirani R, et al. Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.” Science. 2007 Sep 14;317(5844):1500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M. Phase Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Agresta F, Campanile FC, Anania G, Bergamini C, editors. Emergency Laparoscopy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVIII, 253 p. 37 illus., 33 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Almendros-Jiménez JM, Becerra-Terón A. XQuery-Based Query Processing in Open Street Map. In: Grueau C, Gustavo Rocha J, editors. Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management: First International Conference, GISTAM 2015, Barcelona, Spain, April 28-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 50–68. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. Mount Etna Just Exploded Into Life [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Report to the Secretary, HEW, on the National Direct Student Loan Delinquency Rate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: HRD-77-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quintero MC. Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Cathedral Needs Alms In the Wake of Calamity. New York Times. 2002 May 12;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Heart Journal
AbbreviationAm. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0002-8703
ISSN (online)1097-6744
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles