How to format your references using the American Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pollitz FF. Geophysics. A new class of earthquake observations. Science. 2006 Aug 4;313(5787):619–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ratcliffe JM, Nydam ML. Multimodal warning signals for a multiple predator world. Nature. 2008 Sep 4;455(7209):96–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Haas J, Creamer W, Ruiz A. Dating the Late Archaic occupation of the Norte Chico region in Peru. Nature. 2004 Dec 23;432(7020):1020–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Krot AN, Meibom A, Russell SS, Alexander CM, Jeffries TE, Keil K. A new astrophysical setting for chondrule formation. Science. 2001 Mar 2;291(5509):1776–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Casper D. Hollywood Film 1963-1976. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Cleland I, Guerrero L, Bravo J, editors. Ambient Assisted Living. ICT-based Solutions in Real Life Situations: 7th International Work-Conference, IWAAL 2015, Puerto Varas, Chile, December 1-4, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XIV, 302 p. 117 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9455).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tile M. Fractures of the Proximal Humerus. In: Tile M, editor. The Rationale of Operative Fracture Care. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 57–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Hyperfast Spacecraft Could Be Partly Destroyed By Interstellar Dust En Route To Alpha Centauri [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/hyperfast-spacecraft-partly-destroyed-interstellar-dust-en-route-alpha-centauri/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Selection of Data Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-91-67.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ho T. The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B, Heller S. Say It With Tickets. New York Times. 2016 Nov 24;C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Heart Journal
AbbreviationAm. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0002-8703
ISSN (online)1097-6744
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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