How to format your references using the American Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schindler D. Tar sands need solid science. Nature. 2010 Nov 25;468(7323):499–501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee SS-J, Mudaliar A. Medicine. Racing forward: the Genomics and Personalized Medicine Act. Science. 2009 Jan 16;323(5912):342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young KV, Brodie ED Jr, Brodie ED 3rd. How the horned lizard got its horns. Science. 2004 Apr 2;304(5667):65.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
DiMaio F, Terwilliger TC, Read RJ, Wlodawer A, Oberdorfer G, Wagner U, et al. Improved molecular replacement by density- and energy-guided protein structure optimization. Nature. 2011 May 26;473(7348):540–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazze RS, Strock ES, Simonson GD, Bergenstal RM. Staged Diabetes Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Vittersø J, editor. Handbook of Eudaimonic Well-Being. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XV, 569 p. 17 illus. (International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life).
A chapter in an edited book
Gonçalves RC, Pereira J, Jiménez-Peris R. An RDMA Middleware for Asynchronous Multi-stage Shuffling in Analytical Processing. In: Jelasity M, Kalyvianaki E, editors. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 16th IFIP WG 61 International Conference, DAIS 2016, Held as Part of the 11th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2016, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 6-9, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 61–74. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Jaw-Dropping Time-Lapse Of A Supercell [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Urban Transportation: Metropolitan Planning Organizations’ Efforts to Meet Federal Planning Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: RCED-96-200.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento-Wilson M. The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M. Michigan Naming Fiscal Manager To Help Detroit. New York Times. 2013 Mar 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Heart Journal
AbbreviationAm. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0002-8703
ISSN (online)1097-6744
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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