How to format your references using the Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Lawler, ASIAN-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: Silent No Longer: “Model Minority” Mobilizes, Science. 290 (2000) 1072–1077.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.B. Heo, S. Sung, Vernalization-mediated epigenetic silencing by a long intronic noncoding RNA, Science. 331 (2011) 76–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.G.A.L. Aarts, M. Schmidt, H.N.W. Lekkerkerker, Direct visual observation of thermal capillary waves, Science. 304 (2004) 847–850.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Manzoni, R.B. Jackson, J.A. Trofymow, A. Porporato, The global stoichiometry of litter nitrogen mineralization, Science. 321 (2008) 684–686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.F.G. Dickson, Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
E. Hart, J. Timmis, P. Mitchell, T. Nakamo, F. Dabiri, eds., Bio-Inspired Models of Networks, Information, and Computing Systems: 6th International ICST Conference, BIONETICS 2011, York, UK, December 5-6, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
L.J. Harrison, Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Influences on School Transition, in: B. Perry, S. Dockett, A. Petriwskyj (Eds.), Transitions to School - International Research, Policy and Practice, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Artificial Whiskers Could Inspire Future Instruments To Aid Keyhole Surgery, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Transportation Safety Board: Progress Made in Management Practices, Investigation Priorities, Training Center Use, and Information Security, But These Areas Continue to Need Improvement, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Winkelhake, Verbal argumentativeness: A study of retail store managers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Journalists Sentenced, New York Times. (2002) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Geometry: Theory and Applications
AbbreviationComput. Geom.
ISSN (print)0925-7721
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computational Mathematics
Control and Optimization
Geometry and Topology

Other styles