How to format your references using the Respiratory Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Downer MC. Optics. A new low for nonlinear optics. Science 2002;298:373–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rainey PB, Rainey K. Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations. Nature 2003;425:72–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Locher KP, Lee AT, Rees DC. The E. coli BtuCD structure: a framework for ABC transporter architecture and mechanism. Science 2002;296:1091–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Passafaro M, Nakagawa T, Sala C, Sheng M. Induction of dendritic spines by an extracellular domain of AMPA receptor subunit GluR2. Nature 2003;424:677–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Das JC. Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Johnson CFA. Pro Bash Programming: Scripting the GNU/Linux Shell. Second Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Arrigo A-P. Anti-apoptotic, Tumorigenic and Metastatic Potential of Hsp27 (HspB1) and αB-crystallin (HspB5): Emerging Targets for the Development of New Anti-Cancer Therapeutic Strategies. In: Calderwood SK, Sherman MY, Ciocca DR, editors. Heat Shock Proteins in Cancer, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Investigation.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Blood Protein Could Predict Development of Alzheimer’s. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/blood-protein-could-predict-development-alzheimers/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC’s Performance Management Weaknesses Could Jeopardize Proposed Reforms of the Rural Health Care Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Moretto L. Exploring the Nature of the Relationship Between Decision-Driven Scenarios and Decision Confidence in High-Velocity Environments. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. Moscow Broadcast Tower Is Seen as Endangered. New York Times 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Investigation
ISSN (print)2212-5345
Scope

Other styles