How to format your references using the Respiratory Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Porto JV. Physics. Improving correlations despite particle loss. Science 2008;320:1300–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Halfar J, Fujita RM. Ecology. Danger of deep-sea mining. Science 2007;316:987.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tanimura H, Kanasaki J, Tanimura K. State-resolved ultrafast dynamics of impact ionization in InSb. Sci Rep 2014;4:6849.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Abzhanov A, Kuo WP, Hartmann C, Grant BR, Grant PR, Tabin CJ. The calmodulin pathway and evolution of elongated beak morphology in Darwin’s finches. Nature 2006;442:563–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Allan D, Bragg N. 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging Design and Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Redouté J-M. EMC of Analog Integrated Circuits. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Reiter G. Spreading of Liquids on Substrates. In: da Silva LFM, Öchsner A, Adams RD, editors. Handbook of Adhesion Technology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 93–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Investigation.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Venus Express Prepares for its Summer Plunge. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Assessment: Explosives Detection Technologies to Protect Passenger Rail. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Herman RL. Servant leadership: A model for organizations desiring a workplace spirituality culture. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kalogerakis G. More Change At Charlotte And Wilbur’s. New York Times 2017:C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Investigation
ISSN (print)2212-5345
Scope

Other styles