How to format your references using the Respiratory Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Helander MG. Applied physics. Solution-processible electrodes. Science 2012;336:302–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tanaka KD, Ueda K. Horsfield’s hawk-cuckoo nestlings simulate multiple gapes for begging. Science 2005;308:653.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chakravarty S, Kee H-Y, Völker K. An explanation for a universality of transition temperatures in families of copper oxide superconductors. Nature 2004;428:53–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kim JB, Porreca GJ, Song L, Greenway SC, Gorham JM, Church GM, et al. Polony multiplex analysis of gene expression (PMAGE) in mouse hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Science 2007;316:1481–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Saksena FB. Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Haigh JD. The Sun, Solar Analogs and the Climate: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 34 2004 Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy. vol. 34. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Overbeck R, Sendrier N. Code-based cryptography. In: Bernstein DJ, Buchmann J, Dahmen E, editors. Post-Quantum Cryptography, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 95–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Investigation.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Researchers And Politicians Slam The War On Drugs As A Failure. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Modernize Oceanic System Delayed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Jones E. Leadership Practices in K-12 Public Schools for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students: A Qualitative Study. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Schonbrun Z. A Dimmed Marquee. New York Times 2013:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Investigation
ISSN (print)2212-5345
Scope

Other styles