How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica (AAT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kun Huang. Evaluation: Moving away from metrics. Nature 2015;520(7549):S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singla Veena, Reiter Jeremy F. The primary cilium as the cell’s antenna: signaling at a sensory organelle. Science 2006;313(5787):629–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winter York, López Jorge, Von Helversen Otto. Ultraviolet vision in a bat. Nature 2003;425(6958):612–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fotin Alexander, Cheng Yifan, Grigorieff Nikolaus, Walz Thomas, Harrison Stephen C., Kirchhausen Tomas. Structure of an auxilin-bound clathrin coat and its implications for the mechanism of uncoating. Nature 2004;432(7017):649–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff Ray E., Hu Y. Fun. Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001.
An edited book
Margaria Tiziana, Steffen Bernhard, editors. Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation: Foundational Techniques: 7th International Symposium, ISoLA 2016, Imperial, Corfu, Greece, October 10–14, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. vol. 9952. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Cervantes Francisco, Hernández-Boluda Juan-Carlos. Prognostic Factors in Classic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms. In: Verstovsek Srdan, Tefferi Ayalew, editors. Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: Biology and Therapy Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011, p. 85–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica.

Blog post
Fang Janet. Black Holes May Collapse Into Their Exact Opposites: White Holes. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Protest of Air Force Contract Award. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget Mary A. Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky Sophia. Russian Youth Movement Linked to Jailed Tycoon Has Wide Civic Goals. New York Times 2003:112.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Taiwan
ISSN (print)1875-4597
ISSN (online)1875-452X

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