How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica (AAT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke Roger A. Sr. Atmospheric science. Land use and climate change. Science 2005;310(5754):1625–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao George F., Feng Yong. On the ground in Sierra Leone. Science 2014;346(6209):666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peumans Peter, Uchida Soichi, Forrest Stephen R. Efficient bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells using small-molecular-weight organic thin films. Nature 2003;425(6954):158–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
King Andrew D., Carrasquilla Juan, Raymond Jack, Ozfidan Isil, Andriyash Evgeny, Berkley Andrew, et al. Observation of topological phenomena in a programmable lattice of 1,800 qubits. Nature 2018;560(7719):456–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu Pong P. Embedded SoPC Design with Nios II Processor and VHDL Examples. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Waigmann Elisabeth, Heinlein Manfred, editors. Viral Transport in Plants. vol. 7. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Morris S. J., Friese C. F., Allen M. F. 4 Disturbance in Natural Ecosystems: Scaling from Fungal Diversity to Ecosystem Functioning. In: Druzhinina Irina S., Kubicek Christian P., editors. Environmental and Microbial Relationships Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 79–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica.

Blog post
Carpineti Alfredo. Cause Of Carina Nebula’s “Pillars of Destruction” Identified. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. College Savings Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castaneda Martinez Nohemi E. Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Michael. Bridget Kelly and Eric Strauss. New York Times 2012:ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Taiwan
ISSN (print)1875-4597
ISSN (online)1875-452X

Other styles