How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica (AAT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows Malcolm. Biomechanics: froghopper insects leap to new heights. Nature 2003;424(6948):509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rotenberg Eyal, Yakir Dan. Contribution of semi-arid forests to the climate system. Science 2010;327(5964):451–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinothkumar Kutti R., Zhu Jiapeng, Hirst Judy. Architecture of mammalian respiratory complex I. Nature 2014;515(7525):80–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Solt Laura A., Kumar Naresh, Nuhant Philippe, Wang Yongjun, Lauer Janelle L., Liu Jin, et al. Suppression of TH17 differentiation and autoimmunity by a synthetic ROR ligand. Nature 2011;472(7344):491–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dexter Arthur L. Monitoring and Control of Information-Poor Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
García-Moncó Juan Carlos, editor. CNS Infections: A Clinical Approach. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Forbes Aaron, Verdolino Vincenzo, Helquist Paul, Wiest Olaf. Transition Metal-Catalyzed Hydrogenations. In: Wiest Olaf, Wu Yundong, editors. Computational Organometallic Chemistry Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 61–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica.

Blog post
Fang Janet. Island Lizards Digest More Efficiently Than Their Mainland Counterparts. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Minor Changes Would Further Improve New NSF Indirect Cost Guidance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey Zamecia J. Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow Linda. Design Teams Hired in Nassau Coliseum Project. New York Times 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Taiwan
ISSN (print)1875-4597
ISSN (online)1875-452X

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