How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica (AAT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moseley S. H. Astronomy. The other half of the universe? Science 2014;346(6210):696–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tabak Lawrence A., Collins Francis S. Sociology. Weaving a richer tapestry in biomedical science. Science 2011;333(6045):940–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee Hansol, Habas Raymond, Abate-Shen Cory. MSX1 cooperates with histone H1b for inhibition of transcription and myogenesis. Science 2004;304(5677):1675–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schaller E. L., Roe H. G., Schneider T., Brown M. E. Storms in the tropics of Titan. Nature 2009;460(7257):873–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus Jean-Marie. Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Bleyer W. Archie, Barr Ronald D., editors. Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Mao Xufei, Li Xiang-Yang, Makki S. Kami. Comparative Methods of Channel Assignment in Multivariate Wireless Networks. In: Makki S. Kami, Li Xiang-Yang, Pissinou Niki, Makki Shamila, Karimi Masoumeh, Makki Kia, editors. Sensor and Ad Hoc Networks: Theoretical and Algorithmic Aspects Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008, p. 101–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica.

Blog post
Davis Josh. Urbanization Is Driving Many Species To Evolve. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Issues Regarding Federal Assistance for Enhancing Air Service to Small Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deshotel Matthew Wayne. Enhancing Undergraduate Water Resources Engineering Education Using Data and Modeling Resources Situated in Real-world Ecosystems: Design Principles and Challenges for Scaling and Sustainability. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey George. Paterno at the End: Far From the Coach We Thought We Knew. New York Times 2011:B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Taiwan
ISSN (print)1875-4597
ISSN (online)1875-452X

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