How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica (AAT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow Nathan. Small RNAs: delivering the future. Nature 2007;450(7172):1117–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift Peter D., Blusztajn Jerzy. Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature 2005;438(7070):1001–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rouxel Olivier J., Bekker Andrey, Edwards Katrina J. Iron isotope constraints on the Archean and Paleoproterozoic ocean redox state. Science 2005;307(5712):1088–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blättler C. L., Claire M. W., Prave A. R., Kirsimäe K., Higgins J. A., Medvedev P. V., et al. Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth’s great oxidation. Science 2018;360(6386):320–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Connors Laurence A., Alvarez Cesar. How Markets Really Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Heij Christiaan. Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory: Linear Systems, Identification and Control. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Cunha-e-Silva Narcisa Leal, Sant’Anna Celso, Pereira Miria G., de Souza Wanderley. Reservosomes of Trypanosoma cruzi. In: de Souza W., editor. Structures and Organelles in Pathogenic Protists Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 115–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica.

Blog post
Fang Janet. Salmon Growth Stunted By Freshwater Acidification. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Has Strengthened Efforts to Plan for the Optimal Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems, but Funding Uncertainties Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cruz Arlene A. Concordance between therapists’ self -reports and observers’ ratings of adherence to marital therapy. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg Ben. Hyperactive Latvian ‘Not Afraid of Anything’ Makes Final. New York Times 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Taiwan
ISSN (print)1875-4597
ISSN (online)1875-452X

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