How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica (AAT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin Elie. Cancer vaccines: Material breach. Nature 2013;504(7480):S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz Robert J., Rosenberg Rutger. Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science 2008;321(5891):926–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daeschler Edward B., Shubin Neil H., Jenkins Farish A. Jr. A Devonian tetrapod-like fish and the evolution of the tetrapod body plan. Nature 2006;440(7085):757–63.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao Zhuangqiang, Hou Li, Xu Mingdi, Tang Dianping. Enhanced colorimetric immunoassay accompanying with enzyme cascade amplification strategy for ultrasensitive detection of low-abundance protein. Sci Rep 2014;4:3966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joglekar Anand M. Industrial Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Shapiro Cheri J., Harper Browne Charlyn, editors. Innovative Approaches to Supporting Families of Young Children. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonçalves Ricardo, Knorr Matthias, Leite João. Evolving Bridge Rules in Evolving Multi-Context Systems. In: Bulling Nils, Torre Leendert van der, Villata Serena, Jamroga Wojtek, Vasconcelos Wamberto, editors. Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 15th International Workshop, CLIMA XV, Prague, Czech Republic, August 18-19, 2014. Proceedings Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 52–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan Jonathan. An Astronaut Just Ran The London Marathon In Space. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer and Innovation Can Help Cities Identify Problems and Solutions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keep Andrew W. A nanopass framework for commercial compiler development. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron James. Off to Italy to Study Art: An Ex-Inmate’s Journey. New York Times 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Taiwan
ISSN (print)1875-4597
ISSN (online)1875-452X

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