How to format your references using the Computational Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thauer, R. K. (2001). Enzymology. Nickel to the fore. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1264–1265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palumbi, S. R., & Warner, R. R. (2003). Ecology. Why gobies are like Hobbits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 51–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kokoouline, V., Greene, C. H., & Esry, B. D. (2001). Mechanism for the destruction of H+3 ions by electron impact. Nature, 412(6850), 891–894.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Konishi, S., Izawa, T., Lin, S. Y., Ebana, K., Fukuta, Y., Sasaki, T., & Yano, M. (2006). An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domestication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1392–1396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandén, B. I. (2011). Design of Multithreaded Software. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Haslam, I. R., & Khine, M. S. (Eds.). (2016). Leveraging Social Capital in Systemic Education Reform. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Blackett, P. R., Alaupovic, P., Short, K., & Copeland, K. C. (2011). Assessment and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease in Obese Children. In R. J. Ferry Jr. (Ed.), Management of Pediatric Obesity and Diabetes (pp. 101–140). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Cognitive Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 7). Gluten-Free Foods are no Healthier Than Regular Foods, Study Finds. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). President’s Sixth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1985 (No. OGC-85-7). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ichiyama, J. (2014). Early goal-directed therapy in adult septic patients (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, September 2). One Store Scoops Up The Lot. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thauer 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Palumbi and Warner 2003; Thauer 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palumbi and Warner 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Konishi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Cognitive Science
AbbreviationComput. Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (online)2195-3961

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