How to format your references using the Computational Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katsnelson, A. (2015). Microbiome: The puzzle in a bee’s gut. Nature, 521(7552), S56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wardle, M., & Yusef-Zadeh, F. (2002). Supernova remnant OH masers: signposts of cosmic collision. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5577), 2350–2354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lape, R., Colquhoun, D., & Sivilotti, L. G. (2008). On the nature of partial agonism in the nicotinic receptor superfamily. Nature, 454(7205), 722–727.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Spite, M., Norling, L. V., Summers, L., Yang, R., Cooper, D., Petasis, N. A., et al. (2009). Resolvin D2 is a potent regulator of leukocytes and controls microbial sepsis. Nature, 461(7268), 1287–1291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn, A., & Pitt, S. J. (2012). Parasitology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hale, B. (2010). The Age of Supported Independence: Voices of In-home Care. (P. Barrett & R. Gauld, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Abram, M. R., & Di Caprio, U. (2016). Dynamical Systems and Automata. In G. Minati, M. R. Abram, & E. Pessa (Eds.), Towards a Post-Bertalanffy Systemics (pp. 41–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Cognitive Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 27). DNA Analysis Reveals Potential For Previously Unknown Species Of Human. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Transportation Security: Systematic Planning Needed to Optimize Resources (No. GAO-05-357T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penney, G. (2010). Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, October 30). Murphy Anderson, 89, Longtime DC Comics Artist. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Katsnelson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Katsnelson 2015; Wardle and Yusef-Zadeh 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wardle and Yusef-Zadeh 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Spite et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Cognitive Science
AbbreviationComput. Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (online)2195-3961

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