How to format your references using the Computational Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donald, A. (2012). Throw off the cloak of invisibility. Nature, 490(7421), 447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevenson, I. R., & Bryant, D. M. (2000). Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature, 406(6794), 366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lourens, L. J., Wehausen, R., & Brumsack, H. J. (2001). Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature, 409(6823), 1029–1033.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gao, Y.-G., Selmer, M., Dunham, C. M., Weixlbaumer, A., Kelley, A. C., & Ramakrishnan, V. (2009). The structure of the ribosome with elongation factor G trapped in the posttranslocational state. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5953), 694–699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Roy, D., & Rao, G. V. (2012). Elements of Structural Dynamics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Galvez, A. (2014). Food Biopreservation. (M. J. Grande Burgos, R. Lucas López, & R. Pérez Pulido, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Delahay, J. N., & Lauerman, W. C. (2011). Children’s Orthopedics. In S. W. Wiesel & J. N. Delahay (Eds.), Essentials of Orthopedic Surgery (pp. 173–251). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Cognitive Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 3). Trouble Sleeping? Scientists Say Go Camping For The Weekend. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges (No. GAO-04-663). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLean, M. R. (2010). Analyzing the relationship of geographic mobility and institutional prestige to career advancement of women in academic medicine pursuing midcareer-, senior-, or executive-level administrative positions: Implications for career advancement strategies (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, January 28). Bryans Defeated for Title in ‘Maybe the Last Year.’ New York Times, p. SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donald 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Donald 2012; Stevenson and Bryant 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevenson and Bryant 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Cognitive Science
AbbreviationComput. Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (online)2195-3961

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