How to format your references using the Computational Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe, M. (2003). A developing theme for AIDS. Nature, 426(6967), 736–737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, W., & Müller, D. J. (2011). Biochemistry. Seeing a molecular motor at work. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6043), 704–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elioff, M. S., Valentini, J. J., & Chandler, D. W. (2003). Subkelvin cooling NO molecules via “billiard-like” collisions with argon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1940–1943.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Socolich, M., Lockless, S. W., Russ, W. P., Lee, H., Gardner, K. H., & Ranganathan, R. (2005). Evolutionary information for specifying a protein fold. Nature, 437(7058), 512–518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, M., & Bentley, S. P. (2016). Soil Properties and their Correlations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kozai, T., Fujiwara, K., & Runkle, E. S. (Eds.). (2016). LED Lighting for Urban Agriculture. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Węgliński, T., & Fabijańska, A. (2014). Enhancement of Low-Dose CT Brain Scans Using Graph-Based Anisotropic Interpolation. In R. S. Choras (Ed.), Image Processing and Communications Challenges 5 (pp. 29–36). Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Cognitive Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 14). This Self-Driving Car Comes With A Landing Pad For A Drone. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Office of Telecommunications Policy’s Contract for a Publication on Intercepting Electronic Communications (No. LCD-78-110). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wylie, R. W. (2017). Response to Intervention: A Study of Intervention Programs in Rural Secondary Schools (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, September 28). Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times, p. WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watanabe 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Junge and Müller 2011; Watanabe 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge and Müller 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Socolich et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Cognitive Science
AbbreviationComput. Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (online)2195-3961

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