How to format your references using the Computational Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, P. W. (2005). Thinking big. Nature, 437(7059), 625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rambold, A. S., & Lippincott-Schwartz, J. (2011). Cell biology. SevERing mitochondria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6053), 186–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perrachione, T. K., Del Tufo, S. N., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2011). Human voice recognition depends on language ability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 595.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pierce-Shimomura, J. T., Faumont, S., Gaston, M. R., Pearson, B. J., & Lockery, S. R. (2001). The homeobox gene lim-6 is required for distinct chemosensory representations in C. elegans. Nature, 410(6829), 694–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, M. (2011). Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chen, W.-Y., Seiner, J., Suzuki, T., & Lackner, M. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Krifka, M. (2014). Embedding Illocutionary Acts. In T. Roeper & M. Speas (Eds.), Recursion: Complexity in Cognition (pp. 59–87). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Cognitive Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 5). How Hurricanes Affect Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program (No. RCED-94-75). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heredia, R. (2017). Leadership Development in a Multigenerational Workplace: An Exploratory Study (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, June 1). Three Goals Early in Third Period Help Penguins Tighten Their Grip. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson 2005; Rambold and Lippincott-Schwartz 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rambold and Lippincott-Schwartz 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Pierce-Shimomura et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Cognitive Science
AbbreviationComput. Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (online)2195-3961

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