How to format your references using the Health Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grott M. Planetary science. Is Mars geodynamically dead? Science 2008;320:1171–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deban SM, Olson WM. Suction feeding by a tiny predatory tadpole. Nature 2002;420:41–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dieterich J, Cayol V, Okubo P. The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature 2000;408:457–60.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Srivastava S, Santos A, Critchley K, et al. Light-controlled self-assembly of semiconductor nanoparticles into twisted ribbons. Science 2010;327:1355–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy P. Once-Told Tales. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Hernández-Ramírez A, Medina-Ramírez I, editors. Photocatalytic Semiconductors: Synthesis, Characterization, and Environmental Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Du S, Wu W, Song Y, et al. Superconducting Magnet. In: Wu W, Du S, editors. Tokamak Engineering Mechanics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 159–201.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Education Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. We Might Know Why The Sun’s Surface Spins More Slowly Than Its Interior. Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Impact of Airline Crew Scheduling on Delays and Cancellations of Commercial Flights. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cayo P. A Shifting Bottleneck Procedure with Multiple Objectives in a Complex Manufacturing Environment. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Anchor Illuminates Fox Inquiry of Ailes. New York Times 2016:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Education Research
AbbreviationHealth Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0268-1153
ISSN (online)1465-3648
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles