How to format your references using the Health Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S. Genomic mergers. Nature 2003;425:213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips-Silver J, Trainor LJ. Feeling the beat: movement influences infant rhythm perception. Science 2005;308:1430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Werlen G, Hausmann B, Palmer E. A motif in the alphabeta T-cell receptor controls positive selection by modulating ERK activity. Nature 2000;406:422–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nowak MA, Sasaki A, Taylor C, et al. Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations. Nature 2004;428:646–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aldridge P, O’Dwyer L. Practical Emergency and Critical Care Veterinary Nursing. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2013.
An edited book
Babu BV, Nagar A, Deep K, et al., editors. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving (SocProS 2012), December 28-30, 2012. vol. 236. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Asrani R. Economic Implications of Intellectual Property Rights in Evolving Markets. In: Manimala MJ, Wasdani KP, editors. Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Perspectives from Emerging Economies, New Delhi: Springer India; 2015, p. 109–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers directly image a filament of the “cosmic web” for the first time. Available at:“cosmic-web”-first-time/. AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. JFMIP News: A Newsletter for Government Financial Managers, Fall 1997, Vol. 9, No. 3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Birtler ER. Group therapy and knowledge of neuroplastic principles: The impact of health literacy on client locus of control in a therapy setting. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Request to Alter Opening Ceremony Collides With Tradition. New York Times 2016:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Education Research
AbbreviationHealth Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0268-1153
ISSN (online)1465-3648
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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