How to format your references using the Health Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A. ASTROBIOLOGY: Ames’s Proposal for Lab Triggers Battle at NASA. Science 2000;289:23a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geballe TR, Oka T. Astronomy. A key molecular ion in the universe and in the laboratory. Science 2006;312:1610–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohse D, Schmitz B, Versluis M. Snapping shrimp make flashing bubbles. Nature 2001;413:477–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruiz R, Kang H, Detcheverry FA, et al. Density multiplication and improved lithography by directed block copolymer assembly. Science 2008;321:936–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thériault M, Rosiers FD. Modeling Urban Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
Daley DJ. An Introduction to the Theory of Point Processes: Volume II: General Theory and Structure. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Rai R, Regan L. Pregnancy Morbidity Associated with Hereditary and Acquired Thrombophilias: Recurrent Miscarriage. In: Cohen H, O’Brien P, editors. Disorders of Thrombosis and Hemostasis in Pregnancy: A Guide to Management, London: Springer; 2012, p. 71–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Entangled Whale’s Ordeal Ends As Scientists Free It. Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: FAA’s Approach to Its New Communications System Appears Prudent, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarkissian LN. An examination of course-level factors contributing to student success. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Texas Film: It’s Not Just About Slackers Anymore. New York Times 2013:A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Education Research
AbbreviationHealth Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0268-1153
ISSN (online)1465-3648
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles